(© AP Images)
许多学生通过在美国科技公司实习的机会做到两者兼得，尤其是在加州硅谷(California’s Silicon Valley)地区。在美国留学的外国学生也可以申请参加自选性实习计划(Optional Practical Training) ，作为实习生在许多这样的公司工作。
珍妮弗·罗伯茨(Jennifer Roberts) 为总部设在旧金山(San Francisco)的全球社交媒体平台推特公司（Twitter Inc）招聘员工，她估计该公司每年夏天都要招聘125名实习生。每一名实习生都被分配给一名经理，另外还有一位导师。罗伯茨说，她向经理和导师们强调给予实习生一些具有挑战性的项目。她说，“[实习生们]对他们在这里有如此多的自由空间并给予极大的信任感到非常惊讶。”
布莱恩·马查多(Bryan Machado)为设在加州桑尼维尔(Sunnyvale, California)的搜索和广告服务公司雅虎公司(Yahoo Inc.)工作，负责雅虎的实习计划。他说，“我们试着让一切都引人入胜和令人难忘”，除了他们的日常工作外，实习生还可以出席由高层管理人员主持的小组讨论，参加团队建设活动，并在为他们组织的社交活动中得到放松。
“赌场之夜”（Casino Night）是雅虎公司总部为实习生举行的社交活动，实际上与赌博无关。(Courtesy photo)
2011年，作为新奥尔良市(New Orleans)杜兰大学(Tulane University)一名大三的学生，卡蒂·达姆(Kati Dahm)在IT解决方案公司思科系统公司(Cisco System Inc.)拿到了一个社交媒体通讯团队的实习机会。她后来接受了公司给予的工作机会，就是她现在在思科所做的工作。她说，这种情况不在少数，“我们的实习生都充分意识到，这是非常重要的，而[被聘用]是可能的。”
帕特里夏·罗斯(Patricia Rose) 在费城(Philadelphia)的宾夕法尼亚大学(University of Pennsylvania) 负责职业服务办公室（Office of Career Services）的工作。她说，在本校毕业时就拿到工作的学生中，有25%的人是从前一年暑期实习的公司得到工作的。“有些雇主所招聘的大部份全职员工都是来自实习生。这样做的好处是这些公司已经有10个星期的时间看到他们是如何工作的。这样在决定雇佣时风险就比较小。”
Silicon summer: What a tech internship can do for you
Summers during college: They can be for relaxing after two semesters of hard work or for learning about careers.
Many students do both by landing internships at U.S. tech firms, especially in California’s Silicon Valley region. International students studying in the U.S. are eligible to work as interns at many of these companies, thanks to the Optional Practical Training program.
Jennifer Roberts, who recruits for Twitter Inc., the global social media platform with headquarters in San Francisco, estimates the company hires 125 interns every summer. Each intern is assigned to a manager and also to a mentor. Roberts said she emphasizes to the managers and mentors that interns should be given challenging projects. “[Interns] are all very surprised when they get here how much freedom and how much trust they’re given,” she said.
At Yahoo Inc., the search and advertising services company in
Sunnyvale, California, “we try to make everything engaging and
Casino Night is a social event for Yahoo interns at the company’s headquarters. It doesn’t actually involve gambling for money. (Courtesy photo)
Getting in the door
Sounds pretty great, right? But landing an internship can be competitive. Yahoo chooses 300 interns each summer from 2,000 applications, and that ratio is not unusual. There’s a lot of interest because students view internships as a first step toward their new careers.
As a junior at Tulane University in New Orleans in 2011, Kati Dahm scored an internship on the social-media communications team at Cisco Systems Inc., an IT solutions corporation. Afterward, she was offered and accepted the job she now holds at Cisco. This, she says, is not unusual. “Our interns are fully aware that this is really important and that [getting hired] can happen.”
Machado is even more direct. “When we hire an intern,” he said, “our main goal is to convert them to a full-time employee.”
Patricia Rose, who directs the Office of Career Services at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, said that, of the people who have jobs at the time they graduate from her college, 25 percent got those jobs with companies they interned with the previous summer. “There are some employers who hire the majority of their full-time staff from among their intern pools. They’ve had the benefit of seeing them work for 10 weeks. There’s less risk in making an offer.”
To take the first step toward studying in the U.S., visit
Education USA. If you’re
already studying in the U.S. and want to learn more about
internships, check the careers page of companies that interest you,