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英语日常会话:你的专业是什么?[含声频]

(2015-10-26 14:47:07)
分类: 英语学习
https://share.america.gov/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/AU-Students-7-700x466.jpg

三名学生 Akinyi、Lee 和 Peter 坐在一起讨论他们所学的专业 (State Dept./ D.A. Peterson)

来自世界不同地方的六位学生在美国相遇。他们都是来美国一所大学就读一学期的交换生。在这一学期中,他们学习英语,了解美国文化,并修自身专业课程。英语日常对话” (Everyday Conversations)系列围绕这六位学生在美国大学中的经历展开。适于中级或中级以上水平的英语学生使用

阅读并聆听六名学生 (Lucía, Peter, Ajay, Lee, Akinyi and Jana) 谈论他们将在大学学习的不同专业

Lucía: Thanks for meeting up today, guys. I’m happy that I’ve met so many other exchange students already. It’s a big relief.

Peter: Yeah, we’re all in the same boat, so let’s try to support one another throughout the semester.

Ajay: Are we taking any of the same classes?

Lee: I think we all have different majors, so we might not be in any of the same classes.

Akinyi: What’s your major, Lee?

Lee: My major is environmental science. How about you?

Akinyi: Mine is quite different. I’m majoring in business.

Ajay: And my major is journalism. How about you, Jana? What’s your major?

Jana: I’m studying engineering. I’m not exactly sure what type of engineering I’ll eventually major in. Maybe electrical or aeronautical engineering.

Lucía: And I’m an American studies major.

Peter: That’s interesting. What do you study?

Lucía: We study the novels, music, film, politics, economy and history of the United States. I’m excited to be in the U.S. this semester to study as much as I can about the culture. How about you, Peter? What’s your major?

Peter: I’m an education major. I’d like to teach young children. They’re full of energy and curiosity. I guess kind of like us.

让我们来学习一些词语。(程度较高的读者也可以选择阅读英文解释

To meet up 是指为了共同做某件事而与一个或几个人碰头。

guys是对两个或以上的人的一种非正式称呼。虽然“guy”一词的意思是“男人”,但非正式的guys可以指男性和/或女性。在美国有些人就是这样使用guys一词的。但是,也有人并不同意这种用法,因为“guy”的意思是“男人”而并不包括 “女人” (也不同时指男性和女性)。

To be in the same boat 意思是与他人处境相同。

在大学或学院,每个学生要选择一个majorMajor 是学生所选择的学习领域,是学生的专业。“Major”可以用作名词或动词。

谈论某人的专业有不同的说法。其中一个是“My major is _____.”比如:“My major is history.”

另一种说法是将“major”用作动词。当“major”用作动词时,使用短语major in。比如:“I’m majoring in ____.”

一名学生也可以将“major”用作名词来指他或她自己。比如:“I’m an American studies major.”

也可以用动词study来谈论自己的专业。比如:“I’m studying biology”和“I study biology”两种说法都可以表明该学生的专业。

Not exactly sure: 一个人对某件事没有百分之百的把握。

如果你想进一步学习英语,请浏览“英语学习”专题网页。

American English 网站提供可供英语学生和教师免费使用的多种英语资源。American English Facebook网页提供每天更新的英语学习资料。

日常对话由美国国务院教育与文化事务局英语语言项目处(Office of English Language Programs, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs)资深项目官员海蒂·豪兰(Heidi Howland)编写Six students from around the world meet. What do they have in common? They are all exchange students studying at a U.S. university for a semester. Throughout the semester, they learn more English, learn about U.S. culture, and learn more about their fields of study. This series of Everyday Conversations is about these six students and their experiences during a semester at a university in the U.S. These conversations are for intermediate-level English-language learners or higher.

Read and listen to six students (Lucía, Peter, Ajay, Lee, Akinyi and Jana) talking about the different programs they will study at the university.

Lucía: Thanks for meeting up today, guys. I’m happy that I’ve met so many other exchange students already. It’s a big relief.

Peter: Yeah, we’re all in the same boat, so let’s try to support one another throughout the semester.

Ajay: Are we taking any of the same classes?

Lee: I think we all have different majors, so we might not be in any of the same classes.

Akinyi: What’s your major, Lee?

Lee: My major is environmental science. How about you?

Akinyi: Mine is quite different. I’m majoring in business.

Ajay: And my major is journalism. How about you, Jana? What’s your major?

Jana: I’m studying engineering. I’m not exactly sure what type of engineering I’ll eventually major in. Maybe electrical or aeronautical engineering.

Lucía: And I’m an American studies major.

Peter: That’s interesting. What do you study?

Lucía: We study the novels, music, film, politics, economy and history of the United States. I’m excited to be in the U.S. this semester to study as much as I can about the culture. How about you, Peter? What’s your major?

Peter: I’m an education major. I’d like to teach young children. They’re full of energy and curiosity. I guess kind of like us.

Now let’s review the vocabulary.

To meet up means to meet a person or people in order to do something together.

The word guys is an informal way to refer to two or more people. Although the word “guy” means “man,” the informal guys can refer to men and/or women. Some people in the U.S. use the term guys in this way. However, there are others who do not agree with this usage because “guy” means “man” and does not include “woman” (or both man and woman) in its meaning.

To be in the same boat means to be in the same situation as others.

In university and college, each student choices a major. A major is a chosen field of study, the specialization of the student. “Major” can be used as a noun or a verb.

There are different ways to talk about one’s major. One of these ways is to say, “My major is _____.” For example: “My major is history.”

Another way is to use the word “major” as a verb. When using the word “major” as a verb, use the phrase major in. For example: “I’m majoring in ____.”

A student can also use “major” as a noun to refer to him- or herself. For example: “I’m an American studies major.”

One can also use the verb study to talk about one’s major. For example: “I’m studying biology” and “I study biology” both show the student’s major.

Not exactly sure: The person is not 100 percent certain about something.

Ready to learn more English? Our materials can help.

The American English website offers a variety of free resources for learners and teachers of English. The American English Facebook page posts learning materials for English-language learners daily.

Everyday Conversations are developed by the State Department’s Heidi Howland, a senior program officer in the Office of English Language Programs, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.

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