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《堂·璜》—企鹅经典英语诗人主编【英】克里斯托弗·瑞克斯

(2022-05-22 19:30:13)
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杂谈

分类: 英文长诗精译
GEORGE GORDON BYRON was born 22 January 1788 and he inherited the barony in 1798. He went to school in Dulwich, and then in 1801 to Harrow. In 1805 he went up to Trinity College, Cambridge, later gaining a reputation in London for his startling good looks and extravagant behaviour. His first collec-tion of poems, Hours of Idleness (1807), was not well received, but with the publication of the first two cantos of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (1812) he became famous overnight and increased this fame with a series of wildly popular "Eastern Tales". In 1815 he married the heiress Annabella Milbanke, but they were separated after a year. Byron shocked society by the rumoured relationship with his half-sister, Augusta, and in 1816 he left England for ever. He eventually settled in Italy, where he lived for some time with Teresa, Contessa Guiccioli. He supported Italian revolutionary movements and in 1823 he left for Greece to fight in its struggle for independence, but he contracted a fever and died at Missolonghi in 1824.

      乔治·高顿·拜伦生于1788年1月22日,1798年承袭男爵爵位。他就读于贵族小学,于1801年上哈罗公学。1805年升入剑桥大学三一学院后,他的惊人美貌与奢华举止在伦敦名声大噪。他的首部诗集《闲暇时光》(1807)并不太受欢迎,然而随着《恰尔德·哈若尔德游记》(1812)前两卷的出版,他一夜成名。一系列
狂野而通俗的《东方传说》,使之声誉日隆。1815年他与女继承人安娜蓓拉·密尔班柯成婚,一年后却暌离。
谣传他与同父异母的姊妹奥葛丝塔有关系,令社交界震惊。1816年,他永久离开了英格兰。他最后定居于
意大利,在那里他一度与圭乔利女伯爵特丽萨共同生活。他支持意大利的革命运动,并于1823年赴希腊为
自由斗争而战,但患上热病而于1824年在(希腊西部的)米梭伦基镇去世。

      Byron's contemporary popularity was based first on Childe Harold and the "Tales", and then on 
"Don Juan" (1819—24), his most sophisticated and accomplished writing. He was one of the strong-
est exemplars of the Romantic movement, and the Byronic hero was a prototype widely imitated in European and American literature.

       拜伦时代的大众潮流,首先基于《恰尔德·哈若尔德(游记)》和《(东方)传说》,然后是《堂·璜》
(1819—1824)—他的庞杂而才气横溢的文字。他是浪漫主义运动最强有力的表率之一,拜伦式的英雄作为
一种典型在欧美文学中广为模仿。

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