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Chapter Nine Negation (5)

(2010-06-11 17:21:45)
标签:

教育

分类: 时文选读

Notes: “But (that)” does not imply negation when it is preceded by words like “doubt”, “Question”, “wonder”, “deny”, etc.

I do not doubt but that she will become an actress. ( but that = that)

我不怀疑她会成为一名演员。

 

There is no question but that he is wrong.

毫无疑问,他是错的。

 

A negative + “but” as a preposition (“but” 作为含有否定意义的介词)

He is nothing but a fool. (=only)

他不过是个傻瓜罢了。

He is all but a fool. (=almost, nearly)

他几乎是个傻瓜。

He is anything but a fool. (=never)

他绝不是傻瓜。

 

Ther is no retreat, but in submission and slavery!

我们已经没有退路,要退只有忍气吞声,沦为奴隶了!

 

I saw nodoby but her in the classroom..

教室里我只见到她。

 

It was no one but John.

那是约翰,不是别人。

 

You never think of anything but that child.

你只想那孩子,从不想别的。

 

I had nothing in the world but a million pounds.

我除了那一百万英镑外,什么也没有。

 

I know of no way of judging of the future but by the past.

判断未来只有回顾过去,除此之外,我别无他法。

 

“A negative + a word implying negation (fail, short, deny, other than, etc)

 

I shall not fail to do so.

我不会不这样做。/我必照办。

 

That man never fails of his purpose.

那个人总是达到目的。/那个人从来没有不达到目的。

 

Never fail to come to me.

务必来找我。/别不来找我(帮我)。

 

Let me know without fail.

一定要让我知道。/务必让我知道。

 

This is none other than the dictionary

这正是我要买的词典。

 

Justice must not be denied to anyone.

无论对谁都要公道。

 

She can hardly be other than annoyed about it.

她当然只会对此感到烦恼。

 

Negative + “too” or a word implying “over”, “much”, etc,

You cannot be too careful. You cannot be over careful.

你越小心越好。

 

We can hardly exaggerate this point.

We can never emphasize this point enough.

This point cannot be over-emphasized.

这一点我们怎么强调也不过分。

 

We cannot recommend this book too strongly.

这本书很好,无论如何推荐,也不过分。

 

It is not to be denied that no sacrifice is too great to avert a catastrophe.

不容否认,为了避免一场大灾难,再大的牺牲也不算大。

 

We cannot thank him too much.

The importance of this conference cannot be exaggerated.

We cannot too strongly urge the Security Council to adopt the draft resolution presented jointly by these three countreis.

You cannot be too much on your guard.

Under such a misfortune as this, one cannot see too little of one’s neighbours.

It cannot be too much emphasized that the development of agriculture must keep pace with the development of industry.

 

Litotes: using a negative to emphasize the contrary (曲言法:用否定对立的词语强调肯定)

Litotes is a figure of speech which contains an understatement for emphasis, usually with laconic or ironic intentions.

 

To my no small astonishment, I found the house on fire.我发现房子着火了,大为惊讶。

There is no troubled place in this troubled world. 在多灾难的世界没有任何太平的乐土。

He has no small chance of success. 他很可能成功。

He has not the smallest chance of success. 他绝不可能成功。

We can see that you are no novice.

It is a matter of no small consequence.

It serves no little purpose to continue public discussion of this issue.

It is no easy matter to do it well.

I was not a little surprised at your doing so.

 

9.5.6 words and phrases implying negation

Absent beyond fail far from refuse prevent   from  

He is far from honest.

The peoples in this war crushed Hitlerism and saved the world from slavery.

He stood still, trying vainly to answer my question.

He says very little lest he should make any mistake in pronunciation.

The difference is, of course, one of policy, rather than of strategy.

It is beyond my power to promote you.

He is above asking help from others.

Rather than grumbling, let’s get to work.

I am well save that I have a cold.

He has grown into quite another creature from what he was.

He is removed from self-interest.

Who but he would do such a thing?

The meeting will be held next Tuesday barring unforeseen circumstances.

I know better than to quarrel.

The truth is quite other than what you think.

She would rather die a martyr than drag out an ignoble existence.

Their accusations against us are beneth notice.

Life is far from a bed of roses.

Mr. Smith is blind to his daughter’s faults.

You should not make friends with a man dead to shame.

He failed to appreciate our kindness.

Somehow in this restful country spot, tragedies seemed out of place.

He would do anything he was asked to do but return to his old life.

He did nothing beyond writing one letter.

Failing to prepare is preparing to fail.

We would sooner die fingting first before we allow this to happen to us.

The news was kept a secret from outsiders.

The noise, far from abating, continued to increase.

Metals, possessing toughness, a property of absorbing considerable energy before fracture, bend rather than break.

Each nation, large or small, has a right to determine its own form of government, free of outside interference or domination.

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