Chapter Nine Negation (5)(2010-06-11 17:21:45)
Notes: “But (that)” does not imply negation when it is preceded by words like “doubt”, “Question”, “wonder”, “deny”, etc.
I do not doubt but that she will become an actress. ( but that = that)
There is no question but that he is wrong.
A negative + “but” as a preposition (“but” 作为含有否定意义的介词)
He is nothing but a fool. (=only)
He is all but a fool. (=almost, nearly)
He is anything but a fool. (=never)
Ther is no retreat, but in submission and slavery!
I saw nodoby but her in the classroom..
It was no one but John.
You never think of anything but that child.
I had nothing in the world but a million pounds.
I know of no way of judging of the future but by the past.
“A negative + a word implying negation (fail, short, deny, other than, etc)
I shall not fail to do so.
That man never fails of his purpose.
Never fail to come to me.
Let me know without fail.
This is none other than the dictionary
Justice must not be denied to anyone.
She can hardly be other than annoyed about it.
Negative + “too” or a word implying “over”, “much”, etc,
You cannot be too careful. You cannot be over careful.
We can hardly exaggerate this point.
We can never emphasize this point enough.
This point cannot be over-emphasized.
We cannot recommend this book too strongly.
It is not to be denied that no sacrifice is too great to avert a catastrophe.
We cannot thank him too much.
The importance of this conference cannot be exaggerated.
We cannot too strongly urge the Security Council to adopt the draft resolution presented jointly by these three countreis.
You cannot be too much on your guard.
Under such a misfortune as this, one cannot see too little of one’s neighbours.
It cannot be too much emphasized that the development of agriculture must keep pace with the development of industry.
Litotes: using a negative to emphasize the contrary (曲言法：用否定对立的词语强调肯定)
Litotes is a figure of speech which contains an understatement for emphasis, usually with laconic or ironic intentions.
To my no small astonishment, I found the house on fire.我发现房子着火了，大为惊讶。
There is no troubled place in this troubled world. 在多灾难的世界没有任何太平的乐土。
He has no small chance of success. 他很可能成功。
He has not the smallest chance of success. 他绝不可能成功。
We can see that you are no novice.
It is a matter of no small consequence.
It serves no little purpose to continue public discussion of this issue.
It is no easy matter to do it well.
I was not a little surprised at your doing so.
9.5.6 words and phrases implying negation
beyond fail far from refuse prevent
He is far from honest.
The peoples in this war crushed Hitlerism and saved the world from slavery.
He stood still, trying vainly to answer my question.
He says very little lest he should make any mistake in pronunciation.
The difference is, of course, one of policy, rather than of strategy.
It is beyond my power to promote you.
He is above asking help from others.
Rather than grumbling, let’s get to work.
I am well save that I have a cold.
He has grown into quite another creature from what he was.
He is removed from self-interest.
Who but he would do such a thing?
The meeting will be held next Tuesday barring unforeseen circumstances.
I know better than to quarrel.
The truth is quite other than what you think.
She would rather die a martyr than drag out an ignoble existence.
Their accusations against us are beneth notice.
Life is far from a bed of roses.
Mr. Smith is blind to his daughter’s faults.
You should not make friends with a man dead to shame.
He failed to appreciate our kindness.
Somehow in this restful country spot, tragedies seemed out of place.
He would do anything he was asked to do but return to his old life.
He did nothing beyond writing one letter.
Failing to prepare is preparing to fail.
We would sooner die fingting first before we allow this to happen to us.
The news was kept a secret from outsiders.
The noise, far from abating, continued to increase.
Metals, possessing toughness, a property of absorbing considerable energy before fracture, bend rather than break.
Each nation, large or small, has a right to determine its own form of government, free of outside interference or domination.