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[转载]研究表明:“烂笔头”也能帮助减轻焦虑

(2011-03-25 10:40:58)
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杂谈

  即使身经百战的大明星,在个人演唱会或大型表演之前可能还会紧张。在新东方讲 台上侃侃而谈的名师,初登讲台时应该也有过紧张焦虑手发抖的时刻。而平凡如吾辈,在期末考试或是一场重要的面试之前,也常常会butterfly in the stomach, 心里小鹿乱撞的吧?每次经受这种折磨,我脑子里就闪现:"History repeats."当然,面对考试,有同学会选择"拜考神",额,这个方法灵验与否小编暂不作评论,还是告诉你个靠谱的先(以下英文原文来 自:Scientific American 60 Second Science:Writing Exercise May Lessen Performance Anxiety's Effects):

  New research reveals that writing about your specific worries just before a performance can reduce the risk of blowing it due to anxiety. The work appears in the journal Science.

  一项新研究表明,在表演前具体写下你的焦虑能减轻因为焦虑而把事搞砸的几率。该研究发表在《科学》杂志上。(有兴趣的童鞋可以仔细研读下:Gerardo Ramirez and Sian Beilock, "Writing About Testing Worries Boosts Exam Performance in the Classroom")

  Researchers gave 20 students two math tests. The students did nothing special before the first test. But before the second test, students were told they'd receive money for high marks. Half of the students were then instructed to take 10 minutes and write down any concerns they had about the test. The other half sat quietly.

  研究者给20个学生做了两组数学测试。第一组测试前,没让学生们做什么,但第二组测试前,则告诉他们取得高分会有奖金,然后请10位(总人数的一半)同学花10分钟写下他们对测试的担忧。让剩下一半学生静坐等待。

  Those who just sat waiting did 12 percent worse on the second test than on the first. But those who wrote about their fears showed a five percent improvement on the exam.

  第二组测试结果,那些坐等的学生的成绩比第一组要低12%。但那些写下了焦虑的学生分数却提高了5%。

  Another part of the research found that writing in general didn't work-it had to be about test-related concerns to trigger the effect. So to write may prevent some wrongs.

  该研究还发现,只是笼统大概地写下焦虑是不起作用的--必须是和测试相关的焦虑才能启动这个效应。所以,仅仅"写下来"可能只会起到部分作用。

  所以啦,有什么担心具体写下来,不仅能减轻焦虑,说不定还真能帮助解决问题呢。

  作者新浪微博:http://t.sina.com.cn/zhaoyingru

  原创文章,转载请注明“来源:新东方”。

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