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(2010-10-11 20:24:38)








分类: 转基因食品与食品安全







           Genetically Modified Soy Linked to Sterility, Infant Mortality



Jeffrey Smith                                                       转基因大豆导致不育以及婴儿死亡(非常可怕)

Huffington Post, April 20 2010

EXTRACT: "We have no right to use GMOs until we understand the possible adverse effects, not only to ourselves but to future generations as well. We definitely need fully detailed studies to clarify this." - Russian biologist Alexey V. Surov
摘录:“我们没有权利使用转基因生物,直到我们了解可能产生的不利影响,不仅对自己,而且对后代。我们一定要全面详细地研究以澄清这一点。”- 俄罗斯生物学家Alexey V. Surov

"This study was just routine," said Russian biologist Alexey V. Surov, in what could end up as the understatement of this century. Surov and his colleagues set out to discover if Monsanto's genetically modified (GM) soy, grown on 91% of US soybean fields, leads to problems in growth or reproduction. What he discovered may uproot a multi-billion dollar industry.“这项研究只是例行公事,”俄罗斯生物学家Alexey V. Surov说,在本世纪会以掩饰的方式结束。Surov和他的同事发现,如果孟山都公司的转基因(GM)大豆,在美国大豆田裏,91%种植转基因大豆,导致生长或繁殖问题。他的发现可能铲除一个数十亿美元的产业。
After feeding hamsters for two years over three generations, those on the GM diet, and especially the group on the maximum GM soy diet, showed devastating results. By the third generation, most GM soy-fed hamsters lost the ability to have babies. They also suffered slower growth, and a high mortality rate among the pups.
And if this isn't shocking enough, some in the third generation even had hair growing inside their mouths—a phenomenon rarely seen, but apparently more prevalent among hamsters eating GM soy.
The study, jointly conducted by Surov's Institute of Ecology and Evolution of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the National Association for Gene Security, is expected to be published in three months (July 2010)—so the technical details will have to wait. But Surov sketched out the basic set up for me in an email.
He used Campbell hamsters, with a fast reproduction rate, divided into 4 groups. All were fed a normal diet, but one was without any soy, another had non-GM soy, a third used GM soy, and a fourth contained higher amounts of GM soy. They used 5 pairs of hamsters per group, each of which produced 7-8 litters, totally 140 animals.



Surov told The Voice of Russia,
Surov 告诉俄罗斯之声,
"Originally, everything went smoothly. However, we noticed quite a serious effect when we selected new pairs from their cubs and continued to feed them as before. These pairs' growth rate was slower and reached their sexual maturity slowly."
He selected new pairs from each group, which generated another 39 litters. There were 52 pups born to the control group and 78 to the non-GM soy group. In the GM soy group, however, only 40 pups were born. And of these, 25% died. This was a fivefold higher death rate than the 5% seen among the controls. Of the hamsters that ate high GM soy content, only a single female hamster gave birth. She had 16 pups; about 20% died.
Surov said "The low numbers in F2 [third generation] showed that many animals were sterile." Surov说:“F2 [第三代]代的低的数字显示,许多动物不育。”
The published paper will also include measurements of organ size for the third generation animals, including testes, spleen, uterus, etc. And if the team can raise sufficient funds, they will also analyze hormone levels in collected blood samples.

Hair Growing in the Mouth
Earlier this year, Surov co-authored a paper in Doklady Biological Sciences showing that in rare instances, hair grows inside recessed pouches in the mouths of hamsters.
"Some of these pouches contained single hairs; others, thick bundles of colorless or pigmented hairs reaching as high as the chewing surface of the teeth. Sometimes, the tooth row was surrounded with a regular brush of hair bundles on both sides. The hairs grew vertically and had sharp ends, often covered with lumps of a mucous."

(The photos of these hair bundles are truly disgusting. Trust me, or look for yourself.)

At the conclusion of the study, the authors surmise that such an astounding defect may be due to the diet of hamsters raised in the laboratory. They write, "This pathology may be exacerbated by elements of the food that are absent in natural food, such as genetically modified (GM) ingredients (GM soybean or maize meal) or contaminants (pesticides, mycotoxins, heavy metals, etc.)." Indeed, the number of hairy mouthed hamsters was much higher among the third generation of GM soy fed animals than anywhere Surov had seen before.

在研究结论中,作者推测,这种惊人的缺陷可能是由于实验室仓鼠的饮食造成的。他们写道,“该病变会因天然食品中的元素缺乏而恶化,如转基因(GM)的成分(转基因大豆或玉米粉)或污染物(杀虫剂,毒枝菌素,重金属等)。 “事实上,口中长毛的仓鼠数量在食用转基因大豆的仓鼠的第三代中比例较高,远远高于Surov以前在任何地方见过的动物。
Preliminary, but Ominous
Surov warns against jumping to early conclusions. He said, "It is quite possible that the GMO does not cause these effects by itself." Surov wants to make the analysis of the feed components a priority, to discover just what is causing the effect and how.
Surov警告不要过早下结论。他说,“很可能,转基因食品本身并不导致这些影响。” Surov希望优先进行饲料成分分析,发现是什麽原因造成这些影响并且如何影响。

In addition to the GMOs, it could be contaminants, he said, or higher herbicide residues, such as Roundup. There is in fact much higher levels of Roundup on these beans; they're called "Roundup Ready." Bacterial genes are forced into their DNA so that the plants can tolerate Monsanto's Roundup herbicide. Therefore, GM soy always carries the double threat of higher herbicide content, couple with any side effects of genetic engineering.
Years of Reproductive Disorders from GMO-Feed
Surov's hamsters are just the latest animals to suffer from reproductive disorders after consuming GMOs. In 2005, Irina Ermakova, also with the Russian National Academy of Sciences, reported that more than half the babies from mother rats fed GM soy died within three weeks. This was also five times higher than the 10% death rate of the non-GMO soy group. The babies in the GM group were also smaller (see photo) and could not reproduce.

Surov的仓鼠只是最近的动物在消费转基因食品之后患有生殖紊乱。2005年,Irina Ermakova,也与俄罗斯国家科学院一起报告,喂养转基因大豆的母鼠后代有超过一半的幼仔在三周内死亡。这一死亡率也是5倍于非转基因大豆组的死亡率10%。转基因组的幼仔也更小(见照片),无法生育。

In a telling coincidence, after Ermakova's feeding trials, her laboratory started feeding all the rats in the facility a commercial rat chow using GM soy. Within two months, the infant mortality facility-wide reached 55%.


When Ermakova fed male rats GM soy, their testicles changed from the normal pink to dark blue! Italian scientists similarly found changes in mice testes (PDF), including damaged young sperm cells. Furthermore, the DNA of embryos from parent mice fed GM soy functioned differently.


An Austrian government study published in November 2008 showed that the more GM corn was fed to mice, the fewer the babies they had (PDF), and the smaller the babies were.

Central Iowa Farmer Jerry Rosman also had trouble with pigs and cows becoming sterile. Some of his pigs even had false pregnancies or gave birth to bags of water. After months of investigations and testing, he finally traced the problem to GM corn feed. Every time a newspaper, magazine, or TV show reported Jerry's problems, he would receive calls from more farmers complaining of livestock sterility on their farm, linked to GM corn.
爱荷华州中部农民Jerry Rosman饲养的猪和牛出现麻烦,变成不育。他饲养的一些猪甚至假怀孕或生下水袋。经过几个月的调查和试验,他终于追踪到问题源于转基因玉米饲料。每次报纸,杂志,或电视节目报道Jerry的问题,他将接到更多的农民的电话抱怨他们的农场的牲畜不育,与转基因玉米有关。
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine accidentally discovered that rats raised on corncob bedding "neither breed nor exhibit reproductive behavior." Tests on the corn material revealed two compounds that stopped the sexual cycle in females "at concentrations approximately two-hundredfold lower than classical phytoestrogens." One compound also curtailed male sexual behavior and both substances contributed to the growth of breast and prostate cancer cell cultures. Researchers found that the amount of the substances varied with GM corn varieties. The crushed corncob used at Baylor was likely shipped from central Iowa, near the farm of Jerry Rosman and others complaining of sterile livestock.
贝勒医学院的研究人员偶然发现,饲养在玉米棒子作为草垫的大鼠“既不繁殖也不展示生殖行为。”玉米材料试验揭示两种化合物”在浓度大约比传统植物雌激素低两百倍时“终止了雌鼠的性周期。一种化合物也缩减了雄鼠的性行为,这两种物质促进乳腺癌和前列腺癌细胞的增长。研究人员发现,这些物质的数量随转基因玉米品种不同而变化。在贝勒医学院用的压碎的玉米芯很可能来自爱荷华州中部,靠近Jerry Rosman和其他的农场,这些农场抱怨牲畜不育。
In Haryana, India, a team of investigating veterinarians report that buffalo consuming GM cottonseed suffer from infertility, as well as frequent abortions, premature deliveries, and prolapsed uteruses. Many adult and young buffalo have also died mysteriously.
Denial, Attack and Canceled Follow-up
Scientists who discover adverse findings from GMOs are regularly attacked, ridiculed, denied funding, and even fired. When Ermakova reported the high infant mortality among GM soy fed offspring, for example, she appealed to the scientific community to repeat and verify her preliminary results. She also sought additional funds to analyze preserved organs. Instead, she was attacked and vilified. Samples were stolen from her lab, papers were burnt on her desk, and she said that her boss, under pressure from his boss, told her to stop doing any more GMO research. No one has yet repeated Ermakova's simple, inexpensive studies



In an attempt to offer her sympathy, one of her colleagues suggested that maybe the GM soy will solve the over population problem!
Surov reports that so far, he has not been under any pressure.
Opting Out of the Massive GMO Feeding Experiment
Without detailed tests, no one can pinpoint exactly what is causing the reproductive travesties in Russian hamsters and rats, Italian and Austrian mice, and livestock in India and America. And we can only speculate about the relationship between the introduction of genetically modified foods in 1996, and the corresponding upsurge in low birth weight babies, infertility, and other problems among the US population. But many scientists, physicians, and concerned citizens don't think that the public should remain the lab animals for the biotech industry's massive uncontrolled experiment.
Alexey Surov says, "We have no right to use GMOs until we understand the possible adverse effects, not only to ourselves but to future generations as well. We definitely need fully detailed studies to clarify this. Any type of contamination has to be tested before we consume it, and GMO is just one of them."
Alexey Surov表示,“我们没有权利使用转基因生物,直到我们了解可能产生的不利影响,不仅对自己,而且对后代。我们一定要全面详细地研究以澄清这一点。任何类型的污染必须在消费之前进行测试,转基因食品(生物)只是其中之一。“









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