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【RAM周边攻略】中实大楼 NIB Building

(2011-02-25 18:11:14)
标签:

中国实业银行

外滩

美术馆

蔡国强

侯瀚如

杂谈

分类: 周边攻略

北京东路130号(原址为大英书信馆)

 

在《蔡国强:农民达芬奇》和《日以继夜,或美术馆可为之若干事》这两档展览中都被使用到的中实大楼,因其所呈现出的华丽而庄重的风格,给观众留下了深刻的印象。

 

中实大楼建于1929年,通和洋行设计(时为上海规模最大、影响最大、作品也最多的英资房产商),6层钢筋混凝土框架结构,外立面采用新古典主义风格和折衷式建筑的结合,曾是中国实业银行总部大楼。

 

中国实业银行是中国近代的一家银行,南京国民政府时期的四大行之一,也是当时的发钞行之一。1919426,中国实业银行成立于天津法租界大法国路(今解放北路),不久迁至天津英租界领事道(今大同道15号眼病急救中心)。实收资本200万元,其中财政部拨官股40万元,商股160万元。发起人包括熊希龄钱能训周学熙李士伟等人。1920年获准发行钞票。

 

1932年,因华北局势不稳定,中国实业银行将总行迁往上海,即今天的中实大楼。1935挤兑风潮后,国民政府下令改组,与四明银行中国通商银行中国国货银行合称“小四行”。抗日战争期间,总行曾经先后撤往汉口、香港及重庆。

 

新中国建国后,陆续进驻中实大楼的包括:国家电力华东设计部,中国农业银行上海分行等。

 

In both “Cai Guo-qiang: Peasant Da Vincis” and “By Day By Night: Or Some (Special) Things A Museum Can Do”, the NIB building was part of the exhibition site, impressing visitors with its grandeur and style.   

 

Built in 1929 and designed by the Atkinson and Dallas Architects and Civil Engineers Ltd (the largest and most influential British developer with the most buildings at that time in Shanghai), the 6-floor NIB building has a concrete frame structure and a façade combining the neoclassic and eclectic style. It used to serve as headquarters for the National Industrial Bank.

 

As one of the four major banks in the KMT period, the NIB was an issuing bank that was founded on Avenue de Grand France Road (now East Jiefang Road) in the French Concession in Tianjin on April 26th, 1919 and was later relocated to Consular Road in the British Concession (now Emergence Center for Eye Diseases at No. 15, Datong Avenue) in the city. Of the paid-in capital of 2 million yuan, the Department of Finance contributed 0.4 million and the private sector 1.6 million. The founders include Xiong Xiling, Qian Nengxun, Zhou Xuexi and Li Shiwei. It started to issue bank notes in 1920 upon the approval of the authorities.

 

In 1932, because of unstable situations in North China, the NIB moved its headquarters to this NIB building in Shanghai. After the 1935 Bank Run Incident, the KMT government ordered its restructuring and the NIB was called one of the “Four Minor Banks” together with Ningpo Commercial and Savings Bank, Commercial Bank of China and Bank of Domestic Goods. During the Sino-Japanese war, its headquarters were relocated to Hankou of Wuhan, Hong Kong and Chongqing.

 

Since the establishment of the PRC, the NIB building has housed the East China Electric Power Design Institute and the Shanghai Branch of Agricultural Bank of China, among other organizations.

 

【RAM周边攻略】中实大楼 <wbr>NIB <wbr>Building

【RAM周边攻略】中实大楼 <wbr>NIB <wbr>Building

【RAM周边攻略】中实大楼 <wbr>NIB <wbr>Building

 

【RAM周边攻略】中实大楼 <wbr>NIB <wbr>Building

 

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