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瑜伽饮食-均衡饮食 Mitahara-Balance Diet in Yoga

(2009-08-01 08:23:21)
标签:

瑜伽

饮食

manu

yoga

mitahara

减肥

瘦身

印度

分类: Yoga

瑜伽饮食-均衡饮食 <wbr>Mitahara-Balance <wbr>Diet <wbr>in <wbr>Yoga
Mitahara ( Balanced diet )瑜伽均衡饮食

       Diet is playing a vital and so important role in yogi’s life. In yoga books they write clearly this that without balance diet yoga practice can’t be successful.       
       The word meaning of "Mitahara"  is mit means controlled or balanced., ahara means diet. So mitahara means balanced diet.

        饮食在瑜伽修行者的生活中扮演着有极为重要的角色。在瑜伽典籍中清楚地写明,没有均衡的饮食,练习者无法取得成功。

"mit"意为控制或平衡,"ahara"意为饮食,因此"Mitahara"的字面意思即为均衡饮食。


        Food plays prominent place in yoga practice. An yogi should be very careful in the selection of articles of satvic (positive)  nature especially in the beginning of his practice period. Purity of the food leads to purity of mind. Satvic food helps meditation. The discipline of food is very very necessary for yoga practice. If the tongue is controlled , all the other senses are controlled.

    食物在瑜伽练习中起到显著的作用。在习练的最初阶段,瑜伽修行者必须十分谨慎地选择纯净的(悦性)食物。只有纯净的食物才可能净化思想。悦性食物有助于冥想。饮食的戒律在瑜伽练习中是不容忽视的。如果你可以控制自己的舌头,那么其它的感官也将得以控制。
             
        In the Indian yogic scriptures they mentioned some articles which is good or which is not good for a yogi.

        在瑜伽典籍中分别列举了对修行者有益和无益的一些食物。

Satvic food articles ---  The satvic food articles are  milk,barley,wheat,cream,cheese,butter,greendal,almonds,sugar,raisins,bottle gourd,plantain stem,parwal,ladyfinger,pomegranates,sweet oranges, grapes,apples,banana,mangoes,dates,honey,dried ginger,black pepper etc. are the satvic food articles prescribed for the yogi.

        悦性食物包括牛奶,大麦,小麦,奶油,奶酪,黄油,绿豆,杏仁,糖,葡萄干,葫芦瓜,车前草根茎,羊角豆,石榴,甜橙,葡萄,苹果,香蕉,芒果,枣,蜂蜜,干姜,黑胡椒等。
Forbidden articles of food 

---sour,hot,pungent,bitter, salty,mustard,chillies,onion,alcoholic liquors,acidic things,stale food,overripe or unriped food and fruits and other articles that disagree with your system should be avoided.

        禁忌食物:过酸,过辣,过苦和刺激性强的食物,过咸的菜肴,含芥末的,辣椒,洋葱,酒精饮料,酸性食物,不新鲜的,未成熟和过分成熟的食品菜肴和水果,以及其它与个人体征不符的食物均应避免食用。

       I give you just a list of satvic food. It does not means that you should take all. You will have to select a few things that are easily available and suitable to you. Milk is the best food for yoga practitioner. But even a small quantity of milk is harmful for some and many not agree with all constipation. In the matter of food and drinks you should be a master. You should not have the least craving or sense hankering for any particular food. You must not become a slave to any particular food.

         尽管我列举了悦性食物,但并不代表练习者需要食用全部品种。大家应当选择容易接受且适合自己的食物。举个例子,牛奶对瑜伽修行者非常有益,但是几小口牛奶就可能使那些不宜饮用的人产生便秘。因此,在饮食方面,人们必须了解自己的身体特征。不要被对某种食物的渴望而左右,不要被食物奴役。


        What does actually mitahara mean? First, we need to know that heavy food only lead to tamsic (negative) state such as lazy and sleepy feelings. Second, there is a misconcept that a large quantity of food is good and necessary for health and strength. Much depends upon the power of assimilation and absorption. Generally in the vast majority of cases , most of the food passes away undigested.

        究竟什么是均衡饮食?首先要清楚,油腻的食物会把你带到消极的状态,令人怠倦,昏昏欲睡。再者,要抛除一个错误的认识,“吃得多就好,就会令身体变得强壮健康。” 其实,起关键作用的是消化和吸收环节,而不是食物摄入量。大部分情况下,过量的食物都从消化道排出体外了。       
        According to yoga take half stomach full of wholesome food, fill a quarter part with pure water and leave the rest part free for air. This is Mitahara. Mitahara plays a vital part in keeping up perfect health. Almost all diseases are due to wrong food selection and habits. So if we adopt mitahara then we will live healthy.

        瑜伽提倡进食(健康食物)胃纳的1/2,饮纯净水胃纳的1/4,剩余1/4空间以便胃肠蠕动消化。这就是均衡饮食。瑜伽饮食在健康生活中起到至关重要的作用。几乎大部分的疾病是由错误的进食或不良的饮食习惯导致,如果采用均衡饮食规律,必将利于健康长久。
       So for your better health try to adopt mitahara and enjoy a yogic life and have a peace.

      所以,为了大家的健康,让我们共同遵循瑜伽饮食,享受瑜伽生活。

                   Om shanti shanti shanti Om !!!!!!!!

Manu

翻译:Maggie

 

译文不足之处请各位指教

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