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雅思写作谈流行时尚

(2011-06-16 16:01:58)
标签:

雅思

写作

教育

分类: GRE、IELTS、TOEFL

转载请注明出处和作者 — 作者:Mr.Hsieh   来源:爱思英语


In some countries people are strongly influenced by fashion, such as clothing and hairstyle.  What in your opinion attracts people to fashion? Is this a positive or negative development?
 
在有些国家,人们受到流行时尚强烈的影响,比方说衣着和髪型。依你之见,到底什么原因,人们会如此受到时髦的吸引?这种趋势应该是好还是不好的现象?

 
雅思范文
 
Being a popular expression of social and economic realities, fashion represents in part the world in progress and influences people more on the positive side than otherwise.  It is in plain sight that what attracts people to fashion is as much a social vanity to look good as a necessity to catch up with the economic mainstream.  The development of fashion is closely associated with social freedom and economic well-being.
 
 
流行时尚代表一部分进步中的世界,其影响应该是正面的,因为它是表达社会与经济现实的大众心声。谁都看得出来,人们所以会被流行吸引,一则是社会上的虚荣心,大家都想要样子好看,一则是大家觉得有需要追逐经济主流。肯定的说,流行趋势的发展与自由社会和小康经济有密切的关联。

 
The inclination to keep steps with the in-coming fashion is human nature and must be considered as a social right.  Society, as changing, looks for th newest, and if economically possible, the best.  Thus, people are free to want the latest in clothing and the greatest in hairstyle.  Indeed, when one looks at fashion, it cathches the eyes that fashion advances as do all things--ideas, culture, technology, working conditions, among others.  In fact, fashion reflects a society in evolution, of course with paces quicker today than in the past.  So fast indeed that, more often than not, what looks fashionable now is likely to be soon out of date, if not completely out of style.
 
 
倾向于新潮流同步,乃是人性使然,所以应该把赶时髦看成社会权利。话说改变中的社会,凡事都要最新潮流的,而却,如果经济许可,还要最好的。这样一来,衣服要穿新款,髪型要最赞的。冷眼观之,时髦是不断前进,与别的事情一摸一样--观念,文化,科技,工作环境,等等都在前进。事实上,流行时尚根本是在反应进化中的社会,只不过今日所走的脚步比从前要快的多了。真的,进化如此之快,快得好像今日的时髦,很快就要过时,即使有些格调不至于完全消失。

 
Fashion can be bought, and for that nobody is to blame.  It thrives on economic surplus more than any other thing.  That is probably why before the Industrial Revolution trends did not change as much and as often as they do today.  Further, with the arrival of the Electronic Age, people tend to dress and adorn themselves from head to toe in tune with the changing economic outlook.  Small wonder that some younger people go as far as imitating celebrities like pop signers and Hollywood stars.  Addiction to fashion is, however, more true of better-off people, particularly women who seem intending to annoy other women.
 
 
只要有钱就买得到时髦,这一点倒不能怪谁。要不是财务有余,别的因素不致于会让时髦趋势如此应运而生。君不见在工业革命之前,流行潮流不像今天一样大改变而常改变。接着电子时代的来临,人们更是从头到脚都按经济的外貌装饰自己。不足为奇的,大有年轻人极度的模仿当今名人模样,打扮得如流行歌手和好莱坞的大明星。这种被流行时尚套牢的现象,在富足者身上特别明显,尤其是女人,好似女人打扮时髦是想与别的女人大别苗头。

 
Accordingly, it is understandable that those who are more vulnerable to the influence of fashion are people in better social and economic conditions, as is the case of some countries whose changes are more sensitively felt.  As a rule, vanity in social freedom and prosperity in economic outlook join forces in allowing fashion to play its influential role.  Perhaps, a possible exception to the rule is a beggar who can wear anything in whatever color, entirely indifferent to what fashion has to say about this changing world, and fears none.
 
 
如此说来,大致可以理解一点,也就是说,凡比较受时髦影响的那些人,同时也是社会与经济情况比较好的那些人,这种说法可以从若干国家中看得出来,因为它们对改变的现象有高度敏感。几乎毫无例外,社会自由造成的虚荣,加上经济外貌的繁荣,共同允许时髦能扮演足具影响力的脚色。也许应该提出一个例外,也只有乞丐才无所谓穿什么衣服,也不管什么颜色,忘然一切,时尚所言的多变世界,无所畏惧。
 
 
组18句就能搞定雅思写作。上文真题是谈时髦。下文是谈写作公式。


新手学写作,18句就足够。短文的制作,一切从简。懒人要留学,写作单项不必愁,只需公式一套,逢凶化吉。记住起承转合,3-6-6-3,圆形概念,百试不爽,千篇一律。


雅思托福写作测验,能用的时间太短,考生的心态很紧张,中英思维自然流浪,越想写好越无奈,考题不对路,于是顿觉束手无策。辛苦背下来的模板,全是风马牛不相及。记住的范文片段,文不对题,剪不断理还乱。此种困境极为普遍,不足为奇。奇怪的是大家为什么不化繁为简,用正当的学院派写作法,突破困境?


写作是写和作。写好英文较为辛苦,而靠公式组18句则容易多了。凡18句不多不少,每一句都定向定位,但不定句型和字数。作圆形360°的思维,短文四段,怎么开头就怎么结尾,一点都不含糊。第一段是申论主题。第四段是重申主题。中体两段平行而各行其事,提出例证支持主题。起承转合,环绕主题的焦点,话不离题。


公式的妙处之一在圆形结构,前呼后应。第一段的第一句申论主题。第二句把主题缩小成中心焦点。第三句把焦点一分为二。相反的,第四段的第一句是二合为一。第二句把中心焦点还原。第三句是重申主题。写完第一段,也等于写好了第四段。

 
中体是第二段和第三段。第二段承第一段最后一句的一分为二,取其一。转到第三段,又取其一。于是中心焦点,话分两头,承段和转段各具一头,分别组六句,长短不拘。平行的第二第三段,头头是道,言之有物又言之有理,支持主题。


光谈圆形理论,免不了莫名其妙。欲闻其祥,当然需要真题范文作演练说明。针对考试官方的评分标准,讨论对策。重点是主题有焦点,结构有组织,内容有支持。这些死板的圆形公式,能够使用落实,考生才有心思时间专注英文的用语用句用字--语言生动,句型变换,用字恰当。公式是死的,写英文才能求活。


原文地址:http://www.24en.com/column/Jeenn_Lee_Hsieh/2011-06-16/134223.html

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