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阅读理解:Teachers and parents have become increas

(2010-07-17 09:16:24)
标签:

学位英语

教育

分类: 阅读理解题

本题是2011年上半年学位英语教材第13单元的课后阅读理解1。

题是2010年下半年学位英语教材第13单元的课后阅读理解1。

本题是2008年下半年学位英语教材第13单元的课后阅读理解1。

本题是2009年下半年学位英语教材第13单元的课后阅读理解1。

本题是2010年上半年学位英语教材第13单元的课后阅读理解1。

 

During the past 30 years or so, television has become a major a gent of soc ialization(社交), often competing with parents and teachers. It occupies more o f the working hours of American children, and so it is called “a member of the family.” Schoolage children watch television between seveoteen and thirty hours a week. For preschool children it is often as high as fifty four hours a week.

By the time the youngster graduates from high school, he or she will have spent r o ughly 11,000 hours in school compared to more than 22,000 hours in front of tele vision. Children are not just watching children's programs. On the contrary, the largest part of their viewing takes place between 8 and 11 p.m. Monday through Saturday and between 7 and 11 p.m. On Sunday.

However, 60% of mothers said t hey placed no “restrictions” on the amount of time they permitted their childr en to watch television. Teachers and parents have become increasingly concerned about the effects of television on school performance. Many teachers have reported more and more incidences(发生) of fatigues, tension, and bad behaviors. To mi nimize the harmf ul effects of television, parents and teachers at Kimberton Farms School in Phoe nix ville, Pennsylvania, have been following written guidelines for five years w hich include no television at all for children through the first grade.

 Childre n in second grade through high school are encouraged to watch no television on s chool nights and limit viewing to a total of three to four hours on weekends. A s many parents reported, the result was obvious. Three days after they turned o ff the sets, the children could concentrate better, and were more able to follow directions and get along with their neighbors. 

 

 

Teachers and parents have become increasingly concerned about the effects of television on school performance. Many teachers have reported more and more incidences of fatigues, tesion, and bad behaviors.

教师和家长越来越担心电视对学习成绩的影响,许多教师报告有越来越多的疲劳、紧张以及恶劣行为的事件发生。

1.Television might be considered as a member of the family because

B .children spend so much time on it

2.The largest part of children’s viewing time is spent watching

B .programs during the evening

3.Which of the statements is NOT mentioned in the selection?

C .College students may spend as much time as they like in watching television.

4.Teachers and parents become increasingly concerned about the effects of television because

B .bad influences television has on children are strong

5.The main point of this selection is that

D .children watch television extensively and their viewing habits need to be controlled

 

liulili5202010-11-04 08:42:04[回复] [删除] [举报]


1、电视可能被称为家庭成员的原因;B孩子们在电视上花费很多的时间。
2、大多是孩子们看电视的时间;B在晚上
3、文中未涉及的观点: C大学生们花费同样的时间来观看电视
4、教师和家长越来越担心电视的原因:B 电视机的坏作用影响很强的孩子
5、这篇文章讲述了:D孩子们长时间的看电视,观点习惯会被电视控制
翻译的不好 帮助大家理解

 

【翻译】 

在过去大约30年间,电视已经成为一个社会的重要因素。它还经常与父母、老师竞争,她占用孩子们的时间比他们学习的时间还要多,因此,它也被称为“一个家庭成员”。上学的孩子每周要看17-30小时的电视,学龄前儿童每周要看电视的时间则高达54小时。

上高中之前的学生大约有11000小时在学校度过,然而就有22000小时在看电视。孩子们不仅看少儿节目,而且,他们从周一到周六的下午8点到11点和星期日下午的7点到11点也都在看电视。

然而,60%的妈妈都反映,她们没有对孩子看电视的时间加以限制。教师和家长越来越担心电视对学习成绩的影响。许多教师报告有越累越多的疲劳,紧张以及恶劣行为的事件发生。为了使电视的负面效果达到最小化,教师和父母遵循了5年的方针,就是所有一年级的孩子都不能看电视。

在学校时也不鼓励二年级的学生看电视,只有周末的3-4个小时才可以看。据许多父母说,效果很明显。他们关掉电视的3天后,孩子们更加专心了,与邻居也能好好相处了,最近国家父母教师协会一直为了筛选节目,制定时限,帮父母和孩子养成批评的态度而努力工作。

 

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