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2011年7月ISM制造业商业报告 ® (简单翻译)

(2011-08-02 12:47:59)
标签:

美国

ism

商业报告

采购经理人指数

财经

分类: 投资家

20117ISM制造业商业报告 ®

PMI at 50.9% 采购经理人指数在50.9

DO NOT CONFUSE THIS NATIONAL REPORT with the various regional purchasing reports released across the country.

不要混淆此报告与全国范围内不同区域的采购经理人报告。

The national report's information reflects the entire United States, while the regional reports contain primarily regional data from their local vicinities.

全国报告的信息反映了整个美国,而区域报告包含当地及周边主要区域的数据 。 Also, the information in the regional reports is not used in calculating the results of the national report.

此外,区域报告中的信息不会用于计算全国报告的结果 。

The information compiled in this report is for the month of July 2011.

本报告编制的时间是2011年7月 。

Production and Employment Growing 生产和就业增长
Supplier Deliveries Slower
供应商配送放缓
New Orders and Inventories Contracting
新订单和存货减少

(Tempe, Arizona) — Economic activity in the manufacturing sector expanded in July for the 24th consecutive month, and the overall economy grew for the 26th consecutive month, say the nation's supply executives in the latest Manufacturing ISM Report On Business ® .

(亚利桑那州) -最新 ISM制造业商业®的报告显示:7月制造业经济活动连续第24个扩张,整体经济连续第26个增长。

The report was issued today by Bradley J. Holcomb, CPSM, CPSD, chair of the Institute for Supply Management™ Manufacturing Business Survey Committee.

今天由供应管理研究所™制造业商业调查委员会主席布拉德利J.霍尔库姆发布此报告。

"The PMI registered 50.9 percent, a decrease of 4.4 percentage points, indicating expansion in the manufacturing sector for the 24th consecutive month, although at a slower rate of growth than in June. Production and employment also showed continued growth in July, but at slower rates than in June. The New Orders Index registered 49.2 percent, indicating contraction for the first time since June of 2009, when it registered 48.9 percent. The rate of increase in prices slowed for the third consecutive month, dropping 9 percentage points in July to 59 percent. In the last three months combined, the Prices Index has declined by 26.5 percentage points, dropping from 85.5 percent in April to 59 percent in July. Despite relief in pricing, however, several comments suggest a slowdown in domestic demand in the short term, while export orders continue to remain strong." “

2011年7月PMI指数为50.9%,较6月份下降4.4个百分点,表明制造业连续第24个月的扩张,虽然相比6月份的增长速度有所放缓。产量和就业数据,也表明在7月的持续增长,但相比6月份的增长速度有所放缓。7月份新订单指数录得49.2%,自2009年6月录得48.9%以来第一次出现收缩。价格增长速度连续第三个月放缓,7月下降9%至59%。过去三个个月,价格指数下降了26.5%,从4月份的85.5%下降到59%。尽管价格压力释放,但在短期内国内需求放缓,而出口订单继续保持强劲势头。“

PERFORMANCE BY INDUSTRY

各行业表现

Of the 18 manufacturing industries, 10 are reporting growth in July, in the following order: Paper Products; Furniture & Related Products; Computer & Electronic Products; Transportation Equipment; Wood Products; Petroleum & Coal Products; Printing & Related Support Activities; Primary Metals; Fabricated Metal Products; and Nonmetallic Mineral Products.

18个制造业中,有10个报告增长:纸制品,家具及相关产品,电脑及电子产品,运输设备,木制品,石油及煤产品,印刷及相关的活动 ;基本金属金属制品业;和非金属矿物制品业。

The seven industries reporting contraction in July — listed in order — are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Textile Mills; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Machinery; and Chemical Products.

七个行业报告收缩,分别为:服装,皮革及相关产品,塑料及橡胶制品;纺织厂,电气设备,电器及零部件,食品,饮料及烟草制品;机械;及化学制品制造业。

WHAT RESPONDENTS ARE SAYING ... 受访者说什么... ...

  • "Inflation pressures have finally slowed down." “通胀压力终于放缓。” (Chemical Products) (化工产品)
  • "With products sold internationally, the business conditions we are currently experiencing are declining from abnormally [high] record-breaking levels. Business conditions are currently flattening to more normal volumes, while trending slightly downward." “随着产品走向国际,我们所在的行业正经历着下降,而且是从相当高的记录高点下降。经营状况目前走平,且有下降趋势。  (Machinery) (机械)
  • "Market conditions — Europe weak, US soft, Asia strong." “市场状况-欧洲疲弱,美国走软,亚洲市场强劲。” (Computer & Electronic Products) (电脑及电子产品)
  • "Demand from automotive manufacturers continues to improve." “汽车制造商的需求不断提高。 “ (Fabricated Metal Products) (金属制品)
  • "Export sales very strong, while domestic sales are sluggish." “出口销售非常强劲,而国内销售不畅。” (Paper Products) (纸制品)
  • "The looming debt ceiling has government agencies backing away from spending. Forecasting a slowdown in demand in the short term." “提高债务上限迫在眉睫,限制了支出,预计短期内需求将会放缓。“ (Transportation Equipment) (运输设备)
  • "Generally seeing a slowdown, which is typical this time of year. Hopeful that this is seasonal only." “一般而言每年这个时候经济都将有所放缓,希望这仅是季节性的。” (Plastics & Rubber Products) (塑料及橡胶制品)
  • "Most industrial customers seem to be sustaining their business. Export orders continue to remain strong. Price pressures persist, especially with commodity materials." “大多数工业客户似乎可以维持其业务。出口订单继续保持强劲势头,价格压力仍然存在,尤其是与商品材料。“ (Chemical Products) (化工产品)

MANUFACTURING AT A GLANCE 制造业指数概览  JULY 2011 20117

Index 指数

7月

6月

变化%

方向

变化率

发展趋势

PMI 采购经理人指数

50.9

55.3

-4.4

Growing 增长

Slower 较慢

24  

New Orders 新订单

49.2

51.6

-2.4

Contracting 收缩

From Growing 增长

1 1

Production 生产

52.3

54.5

-2.2 -

Growing 增长

Slower 较慢

26

Employment 就业

53.5

59.9

-6.4  

Growing 增长

Slower 较慢

22

Supplier Deliveries 供应商配送时间

50.4

56.3  

-5.9

Slowing 减缓

Slower 较慢

26

Inventories 存货

49.3  

54.1

-4.8

Contracting收缩

From Growing增长

1 1

Customers' Inventories 客户库存

44.0

47.0

-3.0

Too Low 过低

Faster 更快

28

Prices 价格

59.0

68.0

-9.0  

Increasing 增加

Slower 较慢

25

Backlog of Orders 积压订单

45.0  

49.0

-4.0

Contracting收缩

Faster 更快

2

Exports 出口

54.0

53.5

+0.5

Growing 增长

Faster 更快

25

Imports 进口

53.5

51.0

+2.5

Growing 增长

Faster 更快

23  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OVERALL ECONOMY 整体经济

Growing 增长

Slower 较慢

26

Manufacturing Sector 制造业

Growing 增长

Slower 较慢

24

COMMODITIES REPORTED UP/DOWN IN PRICE and IN SHORT SUPPLY 商品报告

Commodities Up in Price 价格上涨的商品

Aluminum (11); Brass; Copper (12); Copper Based Products (9); Electric/Electronic Components; Metal Parts; Plastic Products (7); Polyethylene* (2); Rubber Products (6); Steel* (11); Steel Products (8); and Titanium Dioxide (4).

铝(11),黄铜,铜(12);铜基产品(9);电动/电子元件,金属零件,塑料制品(7);聚乙烯*(2),橡胶制品(6);钢*(11) ;钢铁产品(8)和二氧化钛(4)。

Commodities Down in Price 价格下跌的商品

Corn; Diesel Fuel; Ethylene; Gasoline; HDPE; LDPE; Polyethylene*; Polypropylene; Soybean Oil; Steel* (3); and Wheat.

玉米;柴油;乙烯;汽油;高密度聚乙烯,低密度聚乙烯,聚乙烯*;聚丙烯;豆油;钢*(3);和小麦。

Commodities in Short Supply供不应求的商品

Butadiene; and Electric/Electronic Components (7). 丁二烯;和电气/电子组件(7)。

JULY 2011 MANUFACTURING INDEX SUMMARIES

20117月制造业指数摘要

PMI 采购经理人指数

Manufacturing continued its growth in July as the PMI registered 50.9 percent, a decrease of 4.4 percentage points when compared to June's reading of 55.3 percent. The PMI registered the lowest reading since July 2009, when it registered 49 percent. A reading above 50 percent indicates that the manufacturing economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally contracting.

7月制造业继续增长,PMI指数录得50.9%,相比6月份的 55.3%下降4.4个百分点。PMI指数降至2009年7月以来的最低点,2009年7月为49% 。该指数在50%以上,表明制造业经济正在扩张,低于50%,表明经济收缩。

A PMI in excess of 42.5 percent, over a period of time, generally indicates an expansion of the overall economy. Therefore, the PMI indicates growth for the 26th consecutive month in the overall economy, as well as expansion in the manufacturing sector for the 24th consecutive month.

通常PMI指数超过42.5%,意味着整体经济在扩张。最新PMI数据表明整体经济连续第26个月增长,制造业连续第24个月扩张。

Holcomb stated, "The past relationship between the PMI and the overall economy indicates that the average PMI for January through July (57.6 percent) corresponds to a 5.3 percent increase in real gross domestic product (GDP). In addition, if the PMI for July (50.9 percent) is annualized, it corresponds to a 2.9 percent increase in real GDP annually."

霍尔库姆说,“ PMI和总体经济之间的历史关系表明1月至7月的PMI平均数为(57.6%),PMI对实际国内生产总值(GDP)增长贡献值为5.3%。此外,按年计算7月份 PMI (50.9%)为实际GDP的增长贡献了2.9%。“

THE LAST 12 MONTHS 过去12个月

Month 本月

PMI 采购经理人指数

 

Month 本月

PMI 采购经理人指数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

50.9

 

Jan 2011 2011年1月

60.8

Jun 2011 2011年6月

55.3  

 

Dec 2010 2010年12月

58.5

May 2011 2011年5月

53.5

 

Nov 2010 2010年11月

58.2  

Apr 2011 2011年04月

60.4

 

Oct 2010 2010年10月

56.9

Mar 2011 2011年3月

61.2

 

Sep 2010 2010年9月

55.3  

Feb 2011 2011年2月

61.4

 

Aug 2010 2010年8月

55.2

Average for 12 months – 57.3 12个月平均为- 57.3
High – 61.4 高- 61.4
Low – 50.9 低- 50.9

New Orders 新订单

ISM's New Orders Index registered 49.2 percent in July, which is a decrease of 2.4 percentage points when compared to the 51.6 percent reported in June. This is the first month of contraction in the New Orders Index since June of 2009, when it registered 48.9 percent. A New Orders Index above 52.1 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Census Bureau's series on manufacturing orders (in constant 2000 dollars).

7月ISM的新订单指数为49.2 %,与6月相比下降了2.4个百分点相比,6月份为51.6%。新订单指数自2009年6月以来首次收缩,2009年6月时为48.9%。一般而言,新订单指数52.1%以上与人口普查局的一系列制造业订单的变化一致。

The nine industries reporting growth in new orders in July — listed in order — are: Petroleum & Coal Products; Wood Products; Paper Products; Furniture & Related Products; Transportation Equipment; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Fabricated Metal Products; Computer & Electronic Products; and Chemical Products. The seven industries reporting decreases in new orders in July — listed in order — are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Textile Mills; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; and Machinery.

七月份九个产业报告新订单增长-分别为::石油和煤制品,木制品,纸制品,家具及相关产品,运输设备;食品,饮料及烟草制品,金属制品,电脑及电子产品及化学制品制造业。

七个行业报告7月新订单的减少-分别为:服装,皮革及相关产品,塑料及橡胶制品;纺织厂,电气设备,电器及零部件,非金属矿物制品业,其他制造业和机械。

New Orders 新订单

Better 改善%

Same 相同%

Worse恶化%

净变化

ndex 指数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

24  

53

23

+1

49.2  

Jun 2011 2011年6月

34  

43

23

+11

51.6

May 2011 2011年5月

30

54

16

+14

51.0

Apr 2011 2011年04月

49  

43

8

+41

61.7

 

Production 生产

ISM's Production Index registered 52.3 percent in July, which is a decrease of 2.2 percentage points when compared to the June reading of 54.5 percent. An index above 51 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Federal Reserve Board's Industrial Production figures. This is the 26th consecutive month the Production Index has registered above 50 percent.

7月份ISM生产指数为52.3%,比上个月下降了2.2个百分点,6月份为54.5 %。该指数51%以上与美国联邦储备委员会的工业生产数字的变化一致。7月份该指数为连续第26个月在50%以上。

The seven industries reporting growth in production during the month of July — listed in order — are: Printing & Related Support Activities; Computer & Electronic Products; Furniture & Related Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Paper Products; Fabricated Metal Products; and Transportation Equipment.

7月份七个行业产报告量增长:印刷及相关的活动,电脑及电子产品,家具及相关产品;杂项制造,纸制品业,金属制品业;和运输设备 。

The seven industries reporting a decrease in production in July — listed in order — are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Textile Mills; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Machinery; Chemical Products; and Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components.

7个行业报告产量减少:服装,皮革及相关产品,塑料及橡胶制品;纺织厂,非金属矿物制品业,机械设备,化工产品,机电设备,家电产品及零件 。

Production 生产

Better 改善%

Same 相同%

Worse恶化%

净变化

ndex 指数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

22

60  

18

+4

52.3

Jun 2011 2011年6月

35

46

19

+16

54.5

May 2011 2011年5月

30

56

14  

+16

54.0

Apr 2011 2011年4月

43

52

5

+38  

63.8

Employment 就业

ISM's Employment Index registered 53.5 percent in July, which is 6.4 percentage points lower than the 59.9 percent reported in June. While this month represents the 22nd consecutive month of growth in manufacturing employment, the July reading is also the lowest reading since December 2009, when the index registered 53.2 percent. An Employment Index above 50.1 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data on manufacturing employment.

7月ISM的就业指数录得53.5%,比上个月下跌6.4个百分点,6月份为59.9%。尽管7月就业指数为连续第22个月增长,但却是2009年12月以来的最低水平,当时的就业指数为53.2%。

一般就业指数在50.1%以上,与劳工统计局(BLS)的制造业的就业数据一致 。

Of the 18 manufacturing industries, nine reported growth in employment in July in the following order: Computer & Electronic Products; Paper Products; Printing & Related Support Activities; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Fabricated Metal Products; Transportation Equipment; Machinery; and Chemical Products.

18个制造业中,有9个报告就业增长:计算机及电子产品,纸制品,印刷及有关的支助活动,非金属矿物制品业,电气设备,电器及零部件,金属制品,交通运输设备; 机械及化学制品制造业。

The five industries reporting a decrease in employment in July are: Petroleum & Coal Products; Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Plastics & Rubber Products; and Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products.

报告就业人数减少的五个行业是:石油及煤制品,服装,皮革及相关产品;杂项制造,塑料及橡胶制品和食品,饮料及烟草制品 。

Employment 就业

更高%

Same 相同%

更低%

净变化  

Index 指数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

24

63

13

+11

53.5

Jun 2011 六月2011年

34

56

10

+24 

59.9

May 2011 2011年5月

31

60

9

+22  

58.2

Apr 2011 2011年04月

34

61

5

+29

62.7

Supplier Deliveries 供应商配送

The delivery performance of suppliers to manufacturing organizations was slower in July as the Supplier Deliveries Index registered 50.4 percent, which is 5.9 percentage points lower than the 56.3 percent registered in June. This is the 26th consecutive month the Supplier Deliveries Index has been above 50 percent. A reading above 50 percent indicates slower deliveries.

供应商配送指数7月有所下降,录得50.4%,较六月录得的56.3%低5.9个百分点。该指数连续26个月在50%以上,表明交货速度放缓。

The nine industries reporting slower supplier deliveries in July — listed in order — are: Petroleum & Coal Products; Furniture & Related Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Primary Metals; Transportation Equipment; Machinery; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Chemical Products; and Computer & Electronic Products.

配送减缓的九个行业:石油及煤产品,家具及相关产品;杂项制造,基本金属,运输设备,机械,电气设备,电器及零部件,化工产品,电脑及电子产品。

The only industry reporting faster deliveries in July is Fabricated Metal Products. Eight industries reported no change in supplier deliveries in July compared to June.

交货加快的唯一一个行业是金属制品行业。八个行业报告没有变化。

Supplier Deliveries供应商配送

Slower 较慢

Same 相同

Faster 更快

Net

Index 指数

Jul 2011 七月2011年

13

80

7

+6  

50.4

Jun 2011 2011年6月

18

78

4

+14  

56.3

May 2011 2011年5月

22

70

8

+14  

55.7

Apr 2011 2011年04月

24  

73

3

+21

60.2  

Inventories 库存

The Inventories Index registered 49.3 percent in July, 4.8 percentage points lower than the 54.1 percent reported in June. An Inventories Index greater than 42.7 percent, over time, is generally consistent with expansion in the Bureau of Economic Analysis' (BEA) figures on overall manufacturing inventories (in chained 2000 dollars).

7月份库存指数为49.3%,比6月份低4.8个百分点,6月为54.1%。大于42.7%的库存指数,一般与美国经济分析局(BEA)对整体制造业库存的统计数字一致 。

The four industries reporting higher inventories in July are: Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Computer & Electronic Products; Machinery; and Transportation Equipment.

7月库存较高的四个行业是:非金属矿物制品业,电脑及电子产品,机械设备,运输设备 。

The nine industries reporting decreases in inventories in July — listed in order — are: Petroleum & Coal Products; Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Textile Mills; Printing & Related Support Activities; Fabricated Metal Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; and Chemical Products.

7月库存减少的九个产业是:石油及煤制品,服装,皮革及相关产品;纺织厂,印刷及有关的支助活动;金属制品,塑料及橡胶制品,电气设备,家电及零部件,食品,饮料及烟草制品;及化学制品制造业。

Five industries reported no change in inventories in July compared to June.

五个行业报告没有变化。

Inventories 存货

更高%

Same 相同%

更低%

净变化  

ndex 指数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

18

60

22

-4

49.3

Jun 2011 2011年6月

23

61

16

+7

54.1

May 2011 2011年5月

20

57

23

-3

48.7

Apr 2011 2011年04月

27

55

18

+9

53.6

Customers' Inventories* 客户库存*

The ISM Customers' Inventories Index registered 44 percent in July, 3 percentage points lower than in June when the index registered 47 percent. This is the 28th consecutive month the Customers' Inventories Index has been below 50 percent, indicating that respondents believe their customers' inventories are too low at this time.

7月份ISM客户库存指数为44%,比6月份低3个百分点,6月指数为47%。这是客户库存指数连续28个月低于50%,表明受访者相信,当前他们的客户库存太低。

The two manufacturing industries reporting customers' inventories as being too high during July are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; and Fabricated Metal Products.

7月有两个制造行业报告客户库存过高:服装,皮革及有关制品及金属制品业 。 The 10 industries reporting customers' inventories as too low during July — listed in order — are: Petroleum & Coal Products; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Transportation Equipment; Printing & Related Support Activities; Paper Products; Machinery; Computer & Electronic Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; and Chemical Products.

10个行业报告客户库存太低:石油和煤制品,非金属矿物制品业,塑料及橡胶制品,运输设备,印刷及相关的活动;纸制品,机械,计算机及电子产品,电气设备,电器及零部件和化工产品。

Six industries reported no change in customers' inventories for the month of July compared to June.

6个行业报告7月份客户的库存没有变化。

Customers' Inventories顾客存货

% 报告

%太高

%正常

%太低

Net净变化

Index 指数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

72

11

66

23

-12

44.0  

Jun 2011 2011年6月

70

13

68

19

-6  

47.0

May 2011 2011年5月

72

6

67

27

-21  

39.5

Apr 2011 2011年04月

73

9

63

28

-19  

40.5

Prices* 价格*

The ISM Prices Index registered 59 percent in July, 9 percentage points lower than the 68 percent reported in June. This is the third consecutive month the Prices Index has registered below 80 percent since December 2010, and is the 25th consecutive month the index has registered above 50 percent.

7月份ISM价格指数为59%比6月份的68%降低9个百分点 。自2010年12月这是连续第3个月的价格指数低于80%,是该指数连续第25个月该指数在50%以上。

While 35 percent of respondents reported paying higher prices and 17 percent reported paying lower prices, 48 percent of supply executives reported paying the same prices as in June. A Prices Index above 49.4 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Index of Manufacturers Prices.

而35%的受访者表示他们支付了更高的价格,和17%的受访者表示价格有所下降, 48%的供应主管报告他们与6月份支付的价格相同。价格指数在49.4%以上,一般与局劳工统计局(BLS)的制造商价格指数的增长一致 。

Of the 18 manufacturing industries, 10 report paying increased prices during the month of July, in the following order: Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Paper Products; Petroleum & Coal Products; Machinery; Chemical Products; Furniture & Related Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Computer & Electronic Products; Transportation Equipment; and Primary Metals.

18个制造业中,有10个行业报告7月份价格上涨,按顺序列出:非金属矿物制品业,纸制品,石油及煤产品,机械设备,化工产品,家具及相关产品,电气设备,家电产品及零件中计算机及电子产品,运输设备和初级金属。

The three manufacturing industries reporting paying lower prices on average in July are: Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Fabricated Metal Products; and Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products.

三个制造业报告平均价格下降:杂项制造,金属制品业;和食品,饮料及烟草制品。

Five industries reported no change in prices for the month of July compared to June. 五个行业相表示价格没有变化。

Prices 价格

%更高

% 相同

%更低

净变化

Index 指数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

35

48

17

+18

59.0

Jun 2011 2011年6月

48

40

12

+36

68.0

May 2011 2011年5月

58

37

5  

+53

76.5

Apr 2011 2011年04月

72

27

1

+71

85.5

Backlog of Orders* 积压订单*

ISM's Backlog of Orders Index registered 45 percent in July, which is 4 percentage points lower than the 49 percent reported in June. Of the 81 percent of respondents who reported their backlog of orders, 16 percent reported greater backlogs, 26 percent reported smaller backlogs, and 58 percent reported no change from June. 16%

The four industries reporting increased order backlogs in July are: Petroleum & Coal Products; Paper Products; Furniture & Related Products; and Computer & Electronic Products.

7月份ISM积压订单指数录得45%,比6月份的49%低4个百分点。81%的受访者表示有积压的订单,其中16%积压较多,26%积压较少, 58%报告没有变化。

7月份积压订单增加最多的四个行业是:石油及煤制品,纸制品,家具及相关产品;电脑及电子产品 。

The nine industries reporting decreases in order backlogs during July — listed in order — are: Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Machinery; Transportation Equipment; Fabricated Metal Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; and Chemical Products.

7月份有9个行业报告积压订单减少:服装,皮革及有关制品,杂项制造业,非金属矿物制品业,塑料及橡胶制品,机械,运输设备,金属制品,电气设备,家电及组件及化学制品制造业。

Backlog of Orders积压订单

% 报告

% 较多

%相同

% 较低

净值

Index 指数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

81

16

58  

26 26

-10

45.0

Jun 2011 2011年6月

84

24

50  

26 26

-2

49.0

May 2011 2011年5月

85

21

59

20 20

+1

50.5

Apr 2011 2011年04月

88

34

54

12 12

+22

61.0

New Export Orders*

新出口订单*

ISM's New Export Orders Index registered 54 percent in July, which is 0.5 percentage point higher than the 53.5 percent reported in June. This is the 25th consecutive month of growth in the New Export Orders Index.

七月ISM的新出口订单指数为54%,比6月份的53.5%高出0.5个百分点。新出口订单指数连续第25个月增长。

The nine industries reporting growth in new export orders in July — listed in order — are: Paper Products; Primary Metals; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Fabricated Metal Products; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; Computer & Electronic Products; Transportation Equipment; Machinery; and Chemical Products.

9个产业报告新出口订单增长:纸制品,初级金属,杂项制造业,金属制品业,食品,饮料及烟草制品,计算机及电子产品,运输设备,机械设备;和化学产品。 The four industries reporting a decrease in new export orders during July are: Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Apparel, Leather & Allied Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; and Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components.

4个行业报告新的出口订单减少:非金属矿物制品业,服装,皮革及相关产品,塑料及橡胶制品;和电气设备,电器及零部件。

New Export Orders新出口订单

%报告

%更高

%相同

% 更低

净值

Index 指数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

77

19

70

11

+8

54.0

Jun 2011 六月2011年

76

17

73

10

+7

53.5  

May 2011 2011年5月

79

20

70

10

+10

55.0

Apr 2011 2011年04月

81

28

68

4

+24

62.0  

Imports* 进口*

Imports of materials by manufacturers continued to expand in July as the Imports Index registered 53.5 percent, 2.5 percentage points higher than the 51 percent reported in June. This is the 23rd consecutive month of growth in imports.

制造商的进口材料指数7月份继续扩大,为53.5%,比6月份的51%高出2.5个百分点 。这是进口连续第23个月增长。

The seven industries reporting growth in imports during the month of July — listed in order — are: Nonmetallic Mineral Products; Plastics & Rubber Products; Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components; Fabricated Metal Products; Transportation Equipment; Computer & Electronic Products; and Chemical Products. The three industries reporting a decrease in imports during July are: Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products; and Machinery. Eight industries reported no change in imports in July compared to June.

7个行业报告进口增长:非金属矿物制品业,塑料及橡胶制品,电气设备,电器及零部件,金属制品,运输设备,计算机及电子产品;及化学制品制造业。

3个行业报告减少:杂项制造,食品,饮料及烟草制品和机械 。8个行业报告没有改变。

Imports 进口

% 报告

% 高于

%相同

% 低于

净值

Index 指数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

74

17

73

10  

+7

53.5

Jun 2011 2011年6月

76

15

72

13  

+2

51.0

May 2011 2011年5月

78

17

75

8

+9

54.5

Apr 2011 2011年04月

81

20

71

9

+11

55.5  

* The Backlog of Orders, Prices, Customers' Inventories, Imports and New Export Orders Indexes do not meet the accepted criteria for seasonal adjustments.

*积压的订单,价格,客户库存,进口和新的出口订单指数不符合季节性调整的公认标准。

Buying Policy 购买政策

Average commitment leadtime for Capital Expenditures increased 9 days to 112 days.资本性支出承诺平均交货期增加了9天至112天 。 Average leadtime for Production Materials increased 1 day to 55 days. 生产资料的平均交货期,增加了1天至 55天。 Average leadtime for Maintenance, Repair and Operating (MRO) Supplies remained the same at 24 days. 维护,维修和运行(MRO)用品的平均交货期在24天维持不变 。

Percent Reporting %的

Capital Expenditures资本支出

Hand- to- Mouth

30

60

90

6 个月

1年份

平均天数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

30

9

10  

15  

23

13

112

Jun 2011 2011年6月

30

10  

13  

13  

24

10

103

May 2011 2011年5月

30

9

11

16

24  

10

104

Apr 2011 2011年04月

28

6 6

16

16

23

11

108

 


Production
Materials生产材料

Hand- to- Mouth

30

60

90

6 个月

1年份

平均天数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

16

38

27

12  

5

2

55

Jun 2011 2011年6月

19

37  

25

12

5

2

54

May 2011 2011年5月

15

36  

28  

12  

6

3

61

Apr 2011 2011年04月

15

36  

27

15  

4

3

59  

 

MRO Supplies维修用品

Hand- to- Mouth

30

60

90

6 个月

1年份

平均天数

Jul 2011 2011年7月

44  

43 

9

4

0

0

24

Jun 2011 2011年6月

44

43

10

3

0

0

24

May 2011 2011年5月

46

37  

13

2

1

1

28

Apr 2011 2011年04月

44

43  

12

1

0

0

23

0

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