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N3-39-41

(2008-10-03 18:00:51)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 新概念

Lesson 39

The rough road across the plain soon became so bad that we tried to get Bruce to drive back to the village we had come from.

rough 

崎岖不平的 = no smooth

be rough on sb. 对某人苛刻、无礼

 

The rough across the plain soon became so bad that we tried to get Bruce to drive back to the village we had come from.

get sb. / sth. to do sth.

=cause or persuade sb. to do sth.

使或说服某人做…

 

 

Even though the road was littered with boulders and pitted with holes, Bruce was not in the least perturbed.

not in the least  一点也不,决不

= not at all

= absolutely not

= by no means

= on no account

 

 

 

Glancing at his map, he informed us that the next village was a mere twenty miles away.

mere  adj. 始终和a连用

a + mere + 确切数字 + 复数名词

I missed the train by a mere 2 minutes.

 

 

 

 

It was not that Bruce always underestimated difficulties. He simply had no sense of danger at all.

No matter what the conditions were, he believed that a car should be driven as fast as it could possibly go.

As we bumped over the dusty track, we swerved to avoid large boulders.

bump over

= bump along

= bump up and down 颠簸而行

小车在崎岖不平的道路上颠簸而行

The car bumped up and down on the rough and rocky road.

The wheels scooped up stones which hammered ominously under the car. We felt sure that sooner or later a stone would rip a hole in our petrol tank or damage the engine.

Because of this, we kept looking back, wondering if we were leaving a trail of oil and petrol behind us.

What a relief it was when the boulders suddenly disappeared, giving way to a stretch of plain where the only obstacles were clumps of bushes.

give way to 让步,替代,屈服

战后不久,蒸汽火车便由电力火车所取代

Steam trains gave way to electric trains soon after the war.

冬去春来,开始变得昼长夜短

As winter gave way to spring, the days begin to lengthen.

But there was worse to come. Just ahead of us there was a huge fissure. In response to renewed pleadings, Bruce stopped.

Though we all got out to examine the fissure, he remained in the car.

We informed him that the fissure extended for fifty yards and was tow feet wide and four feet deep.

extended for (to) 延长,延伸

高度

rise to height of

The towers rise to height of nearly 700 feet. (Lesson 17)

跨度

have a span of

The bridge has a span of 4260 feet.

深度

Extend to a depth of over 100 feet.

Even this had no effect. Bruce went into a low gear and drove at a terrifying speed, keeping the front wheels astride the crack as he followed its zigzag course.

Before we had time to worry about what might happen, we were back on the plain again.

Bruce consulted the map once more and told us that the village was now only fifteen miles away.

Our next obstacle was a shallow pool of water about half a mile across.

Bruce charged at it, but in the middle, the car came to a grinding halt.

charged at 冲向…

As soon as the bull saw the red cloth, it charged at it.

charge…for… 收费

How much do you charge for the meal?

charge…to/on 记帐

Please charge these books on Kevin’s account.

charge…with… 控告,指责

He was charged with theft.

 

Bruce charged at it, but in the middle, the car came to a grinding halt.

came to a grinding halt  戛然而止

 

come to a halt/standstill(静止,停顿)/stop 停下

 

A yellow light on the dash-board flashed angrily and Bruce cheerfully announced that there was no oil in the engine!

Gist of the text

福无双至;祸不单行

Blessings never come in pairs;misfortunes never come singly.

Lesson 40

 

Who’s who

名人录

 

It has never been explained why university students seem to enjoy practical jokes more than anyone else.

 Students specialize in a particular type of practical joke: the hoax.

hoax --- hocus pocus  

迪基私人收藏的现代画只不过是赝品

Dickey’s private collection of modern paintings was nothing but a hoax.

hoax sb. into doing sth. 欺骗,戏弄

 

 

Inviting the fire brigade to put out a nonexistent fire is a crude form of deception which no self-respecting student would ever indulge in.

Students often create amusing situations which are funny to everyone except the victims.

When a student recently saw two workmen using a pneumatic drill outside his university, he immediately telephoned the police and informed them that two students dressed up as workmen were tearing up the road with a pneumatic drill.

As soon as he had hung up, he went over to the workmen and told them that if a policeman ordered them to go away, they were not to take him seriously.

He added that a student had dressed up as a policeman and was playing all sorts of silly jokes on people.

Both the police and the workmen were grateful to the student for this piece of advance information.

The student hid in an archway nearby where he could watch and hear everything that went on.

Sure enough, a policeman arrived on the scene and politely asked the workmen to go away.

on the scene 在现场,到现场

事故后,医生迅速赶到现场

The doctor was on the scene very quickly after the accident.

be on the spot 在现场,当场

We telephoned, and within 10 minutes the ambulance was on the spot.

When he received a very rude reply from one of the workmen. He threatened to remove them by force. The workmen told him to do as he pleased and the policeman telephoned for help.

Shortly afterwards, four more policemen arrived and remonstrated with the workmen.

As the men refused to stop working, the police attempted to seize the pneumatic drill.

 

lose one’s temper

= be out of temper

= get into a temper

= fly into a temper

He threatened to call the police. At this, the police pointed out ironically that this would hardly be necessary as the men were already under arrest.

Pretending to speak seriously, one of the workmen asked if he might make a telephone call before being taken to the station.

Permission was granted and a policeman accompanied him to a pay phone.

Only when he saw that the man was actually telephoning the police did he realize that they had all been the victims of a hoax.

only + 状语/状语从句位于句首时,主句中的主谓需倒装

他失败三次后,才来向我征求意见

Only when he had failed three times did he turn to me for advice.

只有努力工作,你才可以实现目标

Only by working hard can you achieve your goal.

Lesson 41

Illusions of pastoral peace

under illusion that: 误认为

under no illusion that: 没有…幻想

have illusion about

have no illusion about: 对…不报有幻想 

 

The quiet life of the country has never appealed to me.

City born and city bred, I have always regarded the country as something you look at through a train window, or something you occasionally visit during the weekend.

City born and city bred. 背诵

= as I was born and bred in a city 

 

 

 非谓语动词专题:

我是一名教师。我讲课。

I am a teacher. I give classes.

I am a teacher and I give classes.

Because I am a teacher, I give classes.

I am a teacher, so I give classes.

Being a teacher, I give classes.

I, being a teacher, give classes.

 

 

我不是一名教师,但是我讲课。

I, not being a teacher, give classes.

我过去是个学生,但是现在我讲课。

am → being

was → having been

do → doing

did → having done

I, having been a student, give classes.

我过去不是学生,但是现在我讲课。

I, not having been a student, give classes.

 

 

汝非鱼,安知鱼之乐乎?

你自己不是鱼。

You are not a fish yourself.

你怎么能知道鱼的欢乐呢?

How can you know the happiness of a fish?

How can you, not being a fish yourself, know the happiness of a fish?

 

 

如果主语不同呢?

今天很热。我在家呆着了。

It is hot today. I stay at home.

It being hot today, I stay at home.

 

 

 独立主格:

1.独立主格的逻辑主语不同于主句主语。

2.名词或代词与后面的分词、形容词、副词、不定式、介词等是主谓关系。

3. 用逗号分隔。

When the test was finished, we began our holiday.

= The test finished, we began our holiday.

 

 

工作完成后,我们才回家。

After the work was done, we went home.

The work was done and we went home.

= The work done, we went home.

 

Most of my friends live in the city, yet they always go into raptures at the mere mention of the country.

rapture  n.强烈的欢乐情绪

Seeing the girl he loves filled the young man with rapture.

go into raptures 欣喜若狂

Men will go into raptures at the mere mention of football.

 

Though they extol the virtues of the peaceful life, only one of them has ever gone to live in the country and he was back in town within six months.

Even he still lives under the illusion that country life is somehow superior to town life.

be superior to

=be better/stronger/higher than 优于,强于

be inferior to

=be worse/weaker than 比…差

be senior to 年长于…, 职位高于…

Only one manager is senior to me now.

be junior to 年幼于…, 职位低于…

prior to: before 在…之前

Guests can relax in the lounge prior to entering the theatre.

 

He is forever talking about the friendly people, the clean atmosphere, the closeness to nature and the gentle pace of living.

Nothing can be compared, he maintains, with the first cockcrow, the twittering of birds at dawn, the sight of the rising sun glinting on the trees and pastures.

compare to 把…比作

Shakespeare compared the world to a stage.

compare with(to) 和…比较

Compare with many teachers, I am indeed very fortunate.

 

This idyllic pastoral scene is only part of the picture.

My friend fails to mention the long and friendless winter evenings in front of the TV -- virtually the only form of entertainment.

He says nothing about the poor selection of goods in the shops, or about those unfortunate people who have to travel from the country to the city every day to get to work.

Why people are prepared to tolerate a four-hour journey each day for the dubious privilege of living in the country is beyond me.

dubious:adj. 可疑的,怀疑的

= doubtful / uncertain / questionable / suspicious / skeptical

be dubious about / of 对…不肯定,表示怀疑的doubtful / uncertain

 

They could be saved so much misery and expense if they chose to live in the city where they rightly belong.

If you can do without the few pastoral pleasures of the country, you will find the city can provide you with the best that life can offer.

You never have to travel miles to see your friends.

They invariably live nearby and are always available for an informal chat or an evening's entertainment.

Some of my acquaintances in the country come up to town once or twice a year to visit the theatre as a special treat.

For them this is a major operation which involves considerable planning.

As the play draws to its close, they wonder whether they will ever catch that last train home.

The city dweller never experiences anxieties of this sort.

The latest exhibitions, films, or plays are only a short bus ride away.

Shopping, too, is always a pleasure.

There is so much variety that you never have to make do with second best.

make do with sth. 凑合着用,用…对付

second best 二等的

I won’t accept second best.

second only to 仅次于

second-class citizen 二等公民

second-hand car

second to none

As a football player David is second to none.

头等的,不次于任何人

 

Country people run wild when they go shopping in the city and stagger home loaded with as many of the exotic items as they can carry.

Nor is the city without its moments of beauty.

There is something comforting about the warm glow shed by advertisements on cold wet winter nights.

Few things could be more impressive than the peace that descends on deserted city streets at weekends when the thousands that travel to work every day are tucked away in their homes in the country. 

It has always been a mystery to me why city dwellers, who appreciate all these things, obstinately pretend that they would prefer to live in the country.

 

Gist of the text:
Beauty is subjective,
Each has his likes and dislikes

 

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