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N3-1-3

(2008-07-15 16:26:03)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 新概念

新概念英语第三册
NCE3—Developing Skills

成都新东方学校                刘晓峰 Kevin Liu

权威、经典、正规、系统

Lesson 1-5 Preview

同位语从句

分词短语做伴随状语

有灵/无灵主语句

宾语后置

-ever强式词强调

情态动词表猜测语气

分词做后置定语

顶针修辞

年代表达法

状语从句的省略

叠词修辞

 

“这是什么东东?”

——解释描述句型

“干嘛总这样!”

——发泄不满经典句型

“的确是这样!”

——助动词强调句型

“我愿意!”

——意愿句型

“原来是这样!”

——恍然大悟句型

 

 

 

 

Lesson 1 ★★★★A puma at large

 

Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America.

小专题:“大”

1) large:具体物体大小,与small相对,无感情色彩。

这外衣我穿太大!

The coat is too large for me.

2) big:可指具体,可指抽象,带感情色彩。

他是一个大块头。

He is a big guy.

3) great 侧重强调“伟大”

a great leader

有时great+big 表示讨厌、吃惊等感情色彩。

把你的大臭脚挪开!

Move your great big smelly feet !

突然我看见这头大公牛朝我冲了过来!

Suddenly I saw this great big bull charging towards me!

4) size:尺寸大小

你穿多大的鞋?

What size shoes do you wear?

描述解释句型

A be adj,___-like B, which C.

Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America.

dog-like life

beast-like

girl-like

明亮的双眸

crystal-like eyes

稚嫩的脸庞

baby-like face

 

温馨的旅馆

home-like inn

貌美的女孩

angel-like girl

坚实的肌肉

steel-like muscle

 

描述解释句型

A be adj,___-like B, which C.

When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously.

小专题:同位语从句

功能:对名词进一步解释,由that引导

I have just received a letter from my brother, Tim.

“他从玛丽那里得到消息运动会推迟了。”

对比:

He got the news from Mary.

The sports meeting was put off.

He got the news that the sports meeting was put off.

The got the news from Mary that the sports meeting was put off.

分隔式同位语从句

 

同位语从句和定语从句的区别:

定语从句:that后接不完整句,做成分。相当于形容词。

同位语从句:that后接完整句,不做成分。相当于名词。

He heard the news that his team had won.

It is a question that needs very careful consideration.

When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously.

小专题:有灵主语 VS 非灵主语

“我听到这个消息。”

The news came to me.

“我有一个想法。”

I have an idea. 

An idea came/flashed into my mind.

“新刑法付诸实施。”

New Criminal Law came into practice

When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously.

spot 发现

enemy spotted

n. 污点:

My shirt is spotted.

spotted animals 有斑点的动物

a spot on one’s reputation

identity  identify

confirm 确认事实

discern 辨明对错

verify 核对事实

 

 

south of London

= to the south of London 伦敦南部(边界有交叉)

take … seriously

take sb/sth lightly不在乎

be indifferent to… 对……满不在乎

 

However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.

小专题:“积累”

accumulate 积累

Many a little makes a nickle.

amass:长时间,有意识的积累

assemble:组装

gather: 收集,人群聚集

collect: 收藏的积累

pile up 堆积

hoard 囤积

 

I accumulate a large vocabulary.

accumulate knowledge;

accumulate fortune;

accumulate experience.

 

动物园专家 experts from the Zoo

Feel obliged to 必须,不得不

小专题:“必须”

我必须走了。

I have to go.

I must go.

I’m forced to go. 被迫

I’m bound to go. 确定性

I’ve got to go.

I feel obliged to go.

be obliged to sb.

=be grateful to sb.

= be thankful to sb.

be compelled to do sth.被迫做(外因驱使)

be impelled to do sth被迫做(内因驱使)

 

investigate

investigation

vest 背心

invest 投资

vestment  n.(作礼拜时教士的)法衣,官服    

vestige 痕迹,残余

investigate the case=look into the case

 

 

 

 a woman picking blackberries

the descriptions given by people

由定语从句演变而成,言简意赅。

对比:

for the descriptions which were given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.

经典段落背诵

美洲狮是一种大的、似猫的动物,产于美洲。

Pumas are… animals ….

报告来到伦敦动物园的时候:

When reports came into….

一个野生的美洲狮被发现在伦敦南部45英里的地方,

A wild puma had been spotted ….

它们没有被认真对待

They were not taken seriously.

然而,因为证据开始累积

…… evidence began to accumulate.

动物园的专家感到必须去调查,

Experts… felt obliged to….

因为被声称看到过美洲狮的人们给出的描述是非常相似的

…… descriptions … were … similar.

经典段落背诵

Pumas are… animals ….

When reports came into….

A wild puma had been spotted ….

They were not taken seriously.

…… evidence began to accumulate.

Experts …felt obliged to….

…… descriptions … were … similar.

The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw a large cat only five yards away from her.

hunt  hunter 猎人

hunt the job

hunt fame and fortune 追名逐利 

fame hunter 追名的人

It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered.

human being 

animal being 

supreme being 上帝

spiritual being 灵魂存在

Corner: 角落  The street light is at the corner.

The house is on the corner.

The Air conditioner is in the corner.

KFC is around the corner.

Christmas is around the corner.

corner  v.,

Don’t corner the dog otherwise it will corner you.

The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening.

Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits.

Trail :

a bunch of keys 

a trail of dead deer 

a bunch of flowers 

a bunch of bananas

为了平衡句子的倒装:宾语后置

 

 

“把一大袋装有糖和巧克力的包放在桌子上。”

Put a bag full of sweets and chocolates on the desk.

Put on the desk a bag full of sweets and chocolates.

Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes.

手印:hand print 指纹:finger print

拇指:thumb finger

打印机:printer 复印机:photo copier

Cling to 主语补足语

 

Several people complained of cat-like noises at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree. The experts ware now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from? As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape.

Missing ,做主语补足语

练习:据报道,大火被控制住了。

It is reported that the fire was controlled.

The fire was reported controlled.

Convince 使信服

Convince sb. ;

convince sb of sth.;

convince sb that..+一件事情

I convinced him of my being alive.

I convinced him of his innocence.

Convincing speaker 令人信服的演讲者

 

Several people complained of cat-like noises at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree. The experts ware now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from? As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape.

must have been 猜测 

must be

in the possession of…属于谁    

in possession of 拥有……

 

Somehow

= in some way

=by some means 某一个,通过某种方法

 

无论如何,不管用什么方法,都要通过四级考试。

We have to pass the CET-4 somehow. 。

The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.

小专题:描述产生想法的句型

It is worrying to think that… 想到……令人焦虑不安

irritating  恼火至极

comforting 倍感欣慰

exciting 激动异常

disturbing 心神不定     

 

Lesson 2 ★★Thirteen equals one

 

 

Our vicar is always raising money for one cause or another,

小专题:表示“经常”“永远”的词汇,和进行时态连用(包括过去进行时),可以表示一种不满的情绪。

如:all the while,

all the time,

continually,

habitually,

frequently.

各种各样:one or another= all kinds of

But he has never managed to get enough money to have the church clock repaired.

manage to 设法

have something done

我让人理发: I had my hair cut.

I had my hair trimmed.

我让人熨裤子:

I had my pants pressed.

我让人包扎伤口:

I had my wound dressed.

 

The big clock which used to strike the hours day and night was damaged many years ago and has been silent ever since.

used to do sth: 过去(间接对现在都否定)

be used to do 习惯……

get used to 习惯于

每天:day and night

其他表示方法:

from day to day,

day in day out,

day after day.

 

叠词修辞:

You should know that there are books and books.

There are doctors and doctors in Kunming.

There are rats and rats and rats all over the house.

One night, however, our vicar woke up with a start: the clock was striking the hours.

小专题: with 表示情绪状况的词:

with a surprise

a start

delight

a smile

great care

a shock

a growl 怨言,咆哮

a wink 眨眼

a shrug 耸肩

a grin 露齿而笑

a giggle 嘿嘿地笑

总结:可以用with+n. 形式来代替adj.

Looking at his watch, he saw that it was one o’clock, but the bell struck thirteen times before it stopped.

小专题:分词短语做伴随状语

1.为了表达简洁。

2.相当于and连接的并列句。

3.现在分词表主动;过去分词表被动。

4.省略主语和系动词

= He looked at his watch and he saw…

 

He sat in the chair reading newspapers.

= He sat in the chair and he read newspapers.

Armed with a torch, the vicar went up into the clock tower to see what was going on. In the torchlight, he caught sight of a figure whom he immediately recognized as Bill Wilkins, our local grocer.

be armed with 用……武装,装备

= The vicar was armed with a torch, and the vicar went up…

我走进房间,身后跟着一条狗。

I came into the room and I was followed by a dog.

I came into the room, followed by a dog.


 
“Whatever are you doing up here, Bill ? ”, asked the vicar in surprise.


-ever强式词:

whatever

whichever

whoever

however

 

 ‘I’m trying to repair the bell,’ answered Bill, ‘I’ve been coming up here night after night for weeks now. You see, I was hoping to give you a surprise.’

 ‘you certainly did give me a surprise!’ side the vicar. ‘you’ve probably woken up everyone in the village as well. Still, I’m glad the bell is working again.’

助动词强调:

did

do

does

still  adv. 尽管如此

‘That’s the trouble, vicar,’ answered Bill, ‘it’s working all right, but I’m afraid that at one o’clock it will strike thirteen times and there’s nothing I can do about it.’

‘We’ll get used to that Bill,’ said the vicar, ‘ thirteen is not as good as one but it’s better than nothing. Now let’s go downstairs and have a cup of tea.’

口头作文练习

我的同事老张总是向别人借钱,但他从来没有做到按时还钱。

workmate  / on time

这个过去常常向人借钱的男人前几天被拒绝了,此后就悄无声息了。

refused

一天夜里,我在梦中惊醒:有人正在敲我的门!

knock at

我看看表,夜里一点钟了。

拿着手电筒,我出去看看发生了什么。

借着电筒光,我看到一个人,马上认出是老张,我的同事。

口头作文练习

“你到底在搞什么东东?” 我惊讶地问。

“我要还你钱。” 他说。“我天天晚上都来,我想给你一个惊喜。”

pay back / give back / return /

“你的确给我了一个惊喜。”“也许你把这栋楼的每个人都吵醒了!”

“但我只能还你一半的钱。”

half the money you lent me.

“一半没有全部好,但聊胜于无吧!

进来喝杯咖啡吧!”

 

Lesson 3 ★★ An unknown goddess
成都新东方学校  刘晓峰Kevin

Focus:

情态动词表猜测语气

分词做后置定语

“恍然大悟”句型

 

 

Some time ago, an interesting discovery was made by archaeologists on the Aegean island of Kea.

some time       一段时间

sometime adv.(不确定的)某一时候

sometimes adv.有时候

小专题:研究……

make a discovery of

make a close study of

make a detailed analysis of

make a comprehensive summary of

make an exhaustive investigation of

 

 

An American team explored a temple which stands in an ancient city on the promontory of Ayia Irini.

stand 1 .身高 2. 矗立于

She stands 1.75m.

A great tree stands on the mount.

 

promontory  海角

cape / headland 海角

The Cape of Good Hope 好望角

 

The city at one time must have been prosperous, for it enjoyed a high level of civilization.

at one time 曾经, 一度(过去时态的标志, = once)

must have been

情态动词+ have done =对过去推测

might / may  must 

他很困。他可能昨晚熬夜了。

He’s  very sleepy. He might / may have stayed up last night.

prosperous: 

flourishing:(植物、业务、商业、都市、艺术……)繁荣 

thriving 兴旺的、繁荣的、茁壮成长的

Houses----often three storeys high----were built of stone. They had large rooms with beautifully decorated walls.

beautifully decorated

分词做后置定语

a beautifully dressed lady 衣着漂亮的女士

 a deserted car park

 a white painted door

 a boy climbing the tree  

 the students reading in the room

 

They had large rooms with beautifully decorated walls.

a girl with blue eyes

A girl with sandy hair

A red cup with a broken handle

a lady with anger

a baby with no clothes on

With 修饰的四个层次:

with + n. 

with +修饰+n.  

with + 抽象名词  

with+n.+prep.

 

The city was even equipped with a drainage system, for a great many clay pipes were found beneath the narrow streets.

The classroom is equipped with air conditioner.

beneath = under

under 有“进行中”的意思,不能用beneath 替换

Under control

Under discussion

 

The temple which the archaeologists explored was used as a place of worship from the fifteenth century B. C. until Roman times.

be used as / be used to be 把…用作为

The box was used as a desk in the small village school.

He was used as a spokesman by the company.

 

 

be used to do 被用来做…

The glass is used to contain the milk.

worship

hero worship

warship 军舰、战舰

B.C = before Christ

A.D.= Anno Domini

 

In the most sacred room of the temple, clay fragments of fifteen statues were found.

sacred – secret

Each of these represented a goddess and had, at one time, been painted.

I represent all the classmates.

 

The body of one statue was found among remains dating from the fifteenth century B. C.

date from = date back to 开始于…, 起始于…)

The castle dates from the 14th century.

= The castle dates back to the 14th century.

城堡建造于14世纪

 

Its missing head happened to be among remains of the fifth century B. C.

happen to 恰巧

This head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved.

Classical times 古希腊罗马时代

classical 古典的

classical music / poetry

classic n.杰作,名著 adj. 经典的,一流的

 

preserved fruit  / meat  / vegetable / tofu

 It was very old and precious even then.

precious   VS   valuable

When the archaeologists reconstructed the fragments, they were amazed to find that the goddess turned out to be a very modern-looking woman.

construct   -- construction

<struct>

structure

destruct  n.v. 毁灭,自毁

 

 

<de>

debate v. n.  争论,辩论

decay v. n. 腐朽,腐烂,衰退

deceive v. 欺骗,行骗

defect n.过失,缺点

deflower v.摧毁...的花, 蹂躏, 亵渎

degrade v.降级

You degrade yourself when you tell a lie.

demote v.降职

 

 

When the archaeologists reconstructed the fragments, they were amazed to find that the goddess turned out to be a very modern-looking woman.

turn out …“恍然大悟”句型

1. turn out…结果是, 原来是 (= prove, 都表示系动词)

turn out (to be)+ n./adj.

The plan turned out to be a failure.

Our party turned out (to be) a success.  

2. It turned out + that从句 (it作形式主语)

It turned out that our local grocer repaired the bell.  

 

She stood three feet high and her hands rested on her hips.

rest on v.被搁在, 停留在, 信赖

= depend on(依靠, 依赖)/ lean on(靠着)

 

She was wearing a full-length skirt which swept the ground.

Despite her great age, she was very graceful indeed, but, so far, the archaeologists have been unable to discover her identity.

despite = in spite of   都是介词

so far = up to now 到目前为止

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