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U6175

(2010-08-27 13:11:39)
标签:

杂谈

原句-细节题

原段-逻辑题

原文-主旨题

 

精读首句,找出主线

主线-名词-非人类-主语/宾语

首句表明作者态度的导向性-主线-议论文

+褒扬

-批评 贬低/解决方案

作者态度具有一贯性
hypothesize/presume/assume/conjecture

猜测

 

各段首句,反复对应

宾语/表语从句

 

ZZ climbed the mountain, carrying his bags.

ZZ climbed the mountain with his bags carried.

 

 

 

 

动词作分词结构-两句话主语一致

与时态无关-语态有关

主动-现在分词

被动-过去分词

 

他跑得比我快。

He runs faster than I did.

than 连词的作用

 

by-via-through-通过…的方式-置于句首

被动语态的标志

a study commissioned by IWF 80 a management style used by WM that 81 from style 82 used by MM.

 

they=women=managers

A is B. 主系表

B-n.A=B

B-adj. BA

二悖必反

选项中一对反义词,答案一般二选其一

三一必反

选项中一组同义词,答案一般另有其词

 

argue/retort/dispute/refute/debate/discuss

否定前缀的单词一般不做正确答案

un/dis/in/im/de/ab/

ignore/neglect/overlook/indifferent/dismiss

neg-不要+lect-选

 

褒贬义分析

形近字

trail踪迹-trial=try+al尝试

vocation职业-vacation假期

 

逻辑关系

 

confine/constrain/restrict 限制 不选

limit 极限

 

总分style and skill

rocket v. 急速上升

heater 暖炉

buck 公鹿 美元

unify 统一

 

things/stuffs 东西

 

to contribute

and

to feel 87 and important

 

转折关系-褒贬义相反

递进关系-级别不一致

因果关系

原因:对事实的描述

结果:对事实的归类-褒贬义

interactive领导方式

Interactive leadership may emerge 90 the management style.

 

翻译

直译 音译 意译

红楼梦 A Dream of Red Mansion

水浒传 The Legend of Water Margin

西游记 Journey to the West

 

靓面轩 Let me in

避风塘 Be for time

humor/logic/censorship

幽默  逻辑  审视

 

春光乍泄 Happy Together

霸王别姬 Farewell my concubine

concubine 妾

你就是我的一妾

 

像人话-直译

1.   提取中文主干,直接翻译。

注意冠词/否定词

2.   剩余修饰部分,状语后置,定语有条件后置

we sign the contract before the end of the month

我满头白发的老妈妈

my old mother with white-hair

一个国家未来的繁荣

the future prosperity of a country

代词一律置于名词以前

紧贴名词的形容词一般置于名词以前

剩余定语:置于名词后用of/with隔开

老两口the old couples

3.   观察前后所给中英文,确定时态和语序

倒装句/被动句/虚拟语气句/动词作分词结构/从句

 

she adapted to the campus life after entering the university a month

着 了 过

ing ed have done

 

of not fulfilling its promise of reducing the unemployment rate

 

倒装句

does/did he feel safe and relax.

情态动词/助动词/加助动词 do

 

under no circumstance

should he lie to the court

 

competing the market share with foreign companies.

 

be deprived of the right of being educated.

deprive 剥夺

prosperity 繁荣

instinct 本能

 

Writing

150

写完一句,空一格

ZZ is a boy, and WY is a man.

写完一段,空一行

齐头式-顶格写

缩进式-四个字母

 

2-5-8-11-14

7-9-15-1

切题 三段首句出现题目中的名词

摘抄/同义替换

 

思想清楚 主体论证段-1/2/3

 

连贯 连接词-at least 7

both a and b

a and b as well

either a or b

neither a nor b

a as well as b

not only a but also b-宝剑

 

转折

not……but……

however

on the contrary

whereas

while

nevertheless

nonetheless

although

in spite of

despite

even if/even though 尽管

 

因果

owing to

due to

thanks to

attribute to

ascribe to

in that

result from

result in

thus

hence

therefore

thereby

 

1.   双谓语结构

There be sb. doing sth.

There be sth. to do sth.

There be sth. to be done.

if I let you go 条件状语从句

right here waiting 状语从句

no matter what-

what a wonderful world 比较结构

 

2.   两句用逗号连接无连词一定是错的

 

3.   句中无主语/有从句无主句一定是错的

主谓

主谓宾

主系表

主谓谓宾

主谓宾宾

 

正反观点对立

有的人认为@@@@

还有的人认为@@@@

我认为@@@@

think/认为

consider/suppose/suspect/argue/refute/

retort/hold the idea that/bear in one’s mind that/support/consent/assent/agree

take sth into account/consideration/

 

as far as I am concerned/in my opinion/

from where I stand/

 

individual/folks/public/collective/staff/crew

多数人 majority of

少数人 minority of

 

问题解决型题目

@@现象很严重 很重要 很普遍

@@产生的原因

@@造成的影响

我们应该怎么做

 

seriousness/severe-severity/grave-gravity

important/essential/vital/crucial/critical/

significant

common/general/universal/widespread/

fashionable/popular

@@很@@

A is very B. B-adj.

A is of great B. be+adj.=be+of+n.

adj-级别 比较级/最高级

It will go the cape of the world to find a girl as beautiful as you.

 

08.12.

There is nothing, let alone credits or ability, as significant as the psychological health for undergraduates on campus. A handful of youngsters when suffering for unfair treatment or unjust pressure commit suicide or homicide in order to express their dissatisfaction. Besides, campus violence or alcohol addiction is occasionally exposed by the media.

 

Accordingly, neither should the universities nor should the students themselves not be responsible for bettering psychological health. On where the university stands, it is advisable that departments concerned invite psychological professors to give speeches and consultancy as well. Furthermore, if organized by the colleges with more physical exercises, students will resort their pressure to the solution of stadium instead of committing suicide. Last but not least, it is unrealistic to overlook the factor/element/function of family. Therefore, it requires/demands the communication between the conductors and the parents in time and on time.

 

Meanwhile, in order to tackle the psychological health, it is an urgent call that undergraduates should learn to adjust their attitude when confronting difficulties/adversities.

 

cope with/deal with

 

 

 

resort to 诉诸于/求助于

 

It is…that

It is suggested that (should)

it is advisable that

it is highly recommended that

it is beneficial that

it is practical that

it is feasible that

 

if 引导的条件状语从句

If letting you go, I will never know.

if+v.作分词

主句+一般现在时/一般将来时

 

 

 

If I were a bird, I could fly.

 

 

1.      professor

2.      physical

3.      family

 

1.   发泄-运动/写作/阅读/听音乐

2.   怒吼-交流-找人倾诉

3.   自我调节能力-成熟度-抗压能力

 

 

 

 

 

always all the while

sometimes occasionally/conditionally

often frequently/regularly

 

in order to/so as to/for the sake of

4w

who 学生-年轻人

when break up/hunt the job/fail the exam

pride/envy-humiliated/unfair treatment

where media

what happen

commit suicide/campus violence/

addict to/indulge in/abandon oneself to

be obsessed with/homicide/murder

 

 

 

 

 

学生

-undergraduates/freshmen/sophomores/
juniors/seniors/

bachelor of arts/science/technology

 

08.6.

With the development of Information Technology,

with+n.+动词作分词结构

 

With Information Technology developed, there have been an increasing number of electronic books playing important roles within routine life. No matter where going or when doing, the modern young adults all the while take e-books together. Traditional books are dumped in the corner of the library or the bookshelves, neglected by the youngsters, however.

 

 

 

 

 

 

who

where

when

what e-books/traditional books

 

 

 

 

drastically flooding into our everyday life.

 

gentlely-tenderly-slightly

好-越来越多 渗透 mildly penetrate into

不好-越来越多 泛滥 drastically flood into

 

increasing=more and more

 

06.12. 新

There is nothing, let alone the food or the health, as critical and crucial as reading classics for individual growth.

 

Nevertheless, there have been so far an increasing number of youngsters reluctant to read classics in that instead of pursuing the spiritual satisfaction courting the material abundance has become of priority. Furthermore, with the popular fictions gradually taking the place of classics, the conventional culture has been regarded as obsolete/gaga and tedious. Finally, many of time for modern youngsters has been lavished in the entertainment, such as computer games, shopping and so forth, rather than spent in learning classical literatures.

 

instead of spending

 

instead of/rather than/in comparison with/in contrast with/compared with-不是

 

对比/对照

1.   追求利益/沉不下心-追求精神

2.   传统文化缺失-现代文化泛滥

3.   没有时间坐下来看书-时间-浪费-entertainment

 

1.   容易携带和储存

2.   商家的推广

3.   时间被充分利用

 

 

 

 

 

06.12.老

Nowadays-At present/Currently/So far

So far-现在完成时

So far there have been increasing gluts of domestic young adults fond of celebrating several western festivals. Valentine’s Day witnesses pairs of young couples sending presents with each other. In addition, on Christmas Day entertaining spots are all the while filled with adolescents, lunatic and fanatic.

 

Such phenomena as celebrating western festivals attribute to a series of factors, three of which are to be thoroughly illustrated. First of all, it is entirely due to the introduction of exotic/western culture that the conventional Chinese culture has been forgotten by the current youngsters. Moreover, those who indeed promote western festivals are mainly businesses in that via the festivals grand profits are earned. Finally, those who used to be reluctant to participate into the festivals are drawn the attention by the friends surrounding them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

those who devote to poems all the life

那些宣传西方节日的人

那些阅读经典书籍的人

those who read classics

那些送孩子去读艺术班的人

those who send their children to art classes

 

 

 

1.   外国文化的传入

2.   商家的蛊惑

3.   从-周围的朋友

 

 

 

 

现代 VS 传统

物质 VS 精神

社会 VS 个人

政治 VS 经济

多数 VS 少数

少数-多数collective unconsciousness 集体无意识

多数-少数conformity 从众心态

physical and psychological health

身体 VS 心理 健康-成长

effective and efficient

效果 VS 效率

 

 

 

 

material culture/civilization

spiritual culture/civilization

utilitarian 功利的

utilitarianism 功利主义

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

thoroughly/profoundly/extensively

全面地/深刻地

illustrate/demonstrate/describe/depict

/portray/reveal/unravel/expose/mirror

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

crazy and gaga.

 

WY is a man, an E.T. 解释说明n.

WY is a man, urbane, humane and humorous. adj. 同位语 强调名词属性

human-humane 仁

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n-主语/宾语-状语

v-变位-非谓语动词

adj-n.

adv-v. 动副形名结构、

介词-状语

 

who 年轻人

when Christmas Day/Valentine’s Day/April Fool’s Day/Father’s Day/Mother’s Day

where entertaining spot/site/location

what happen filled with/full of

purpose

 

 

 

 

年轻人-youngster/adolescent/juvenile

 

Juventus 尤文图斯 老妇人

juven-人 juvenile

 

07.12.

Thus, neither has positive impact nor has negative influence not been given rise by digital products within the realms, such as study, working environment and individual life respectively. On the positive aspect, the means of entertainment has been, to large extent, abundant, for instance, computer games and movies take almost overall leisure time of youngsters. Furthermore, what does inspire the material demands is the expansion of digital products. Lastly, the efficiency and effectiveness for working and learning have been drastically/dramatically elevated/bettered via the introduction of computers.

 

In spite of the positive affect, it is unrealistic to overlook the negative side of digital products. On the one respect, in comparison with the situation of decade ago, the status quo is that the face-to-face communication is almost replaced by surfing online. On the other respect, mobile phones have become one of necessities, resulting in the radiation to human body. Last but not least, the increasing digital products trigger a doubt whether the mechanics control the individuals or controlled by the individuals.

 

 

Helping people is happiness.

necessities

18-year old

 

status quo=current situation

 

 

1.   娱乐生活的丰富

2.   拉动消费-物质需求

3.   效率的提高

 

1.   精神需求的缩小

2.   身体/心理

3.   电力需求

4.   交流减少-面对面

 

 

 

field-realm

影响-现在完成时

 

09.06

Whether a given name is of vital significance for individuals or not triggers public debate/hot discussion. From where the supportive aspect stands, a first name is more than a symbol, embodying additional implication and function. Firstly, majority of given names imply the expectation from their parents, who wish their children/descendants/offspring brighter future and better fortune/fewer adversity/difficulty/hardship. Secondly, barely can a good name be forgotten by strangers, which benefits for the interpersonal relationship. Finally, those who believe that a given name is very essential hold the idea that their names represent not only their salutation but also their image and family background.

 

Nevertheless, a handful of folks retort that a name is no more than a symbol. On the one perspective, it is unnecessary that a good name from parents amounts to/equates to the success or achievement in the future without any endeavor/hard working. On the other perspective, the names of celebrities or successful people remembered by collectives are not out of their names themselves but their credits. More importantly, the image of an individual primarily relies on the behaviors and morals exposed during the daily life.

 

All in all, the latter facet, that is, a name is not indispensible, outweighs the previous one.

dwarf

 

 

 

Chinese Derby

Yao VS Yi

Yao outdueled Yi 姚明狂虐易建联

out-胜过 duel对决

outnumber/outperform/outdo/outgo

outweigh

 

 

 

 

 

 

In a word, after weighing the dual grounds, I am prone to supporting the latter one, that is, a name is not as essential as the endeavor.

 

be inclined to

intend to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

primarily/dominantly/mostly/mainly/majorly

achievements/accomplishments.

refute/dispute/argue

those who deem that sending children to art classes is beneficial bear in their mind that

主语从句+宾语从句+同位语从句

Those who deem that doing good deeds deserves the rewards hold the idea that

a good name can barely be forgotten

barely/rarely/scarcely/hardly

more concrete and fewer trees

infer/imply/indicate 暗示

1.   父母的期望

2.   好记  迷信

3.   形象的代表

 

 

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