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Chapter17 -Learning summary 1-7

(2008-06-22 12:24:48)
标签:

07级会计2班

管理学作业

杂谈

经管会计You & me小组:

屈子艺200742070109

陈  霞200742070127

余永清200742070226

徐小沛200742070227                        

                                          

授权就像放风筝

授权的成功与否,从大的方面来讲,决定着企业的兴衰成败;从小的方面来讲,影响工作的顺利开展。因此,授权必不可少,授权势在必行。知名国际战略管理顾问林正大说:”通俗地说,授权就像放风筝,部属能力弱线就要收一收,部属能力强线就要放一放。”

 

1. Contrast leaders and managers.

 对比管理者与领导者之间的差异

Managers are appointed to their positions. Their ability to influence employees is based on the formal authority inherent in that position.

管理者是受上级任命在岗位上从事工作的,他们的影响力来自这一职位所赋予的正式权力。

Leaders are appointed or emerge from within a work group and are able to influence others for reasons beyond formal authority.

领导者可以是上级任命的,也可以是从群体中自发产生出来的,领导者可以运用正式权利之外的活动来影响他人。

 

2. Explain why leadership is an important behavioral topic.

  解释为什么领导是一个重要的行为论题

Because Leadership is the process of influencing group toward the achievement of goals.

领导是一个影响群体成功地实现目标的过程。

Leadership, like motivation, is an organizational Beazer topic that has been heavily researched.

与动机一样,领导也是一个广泛研究的组织行为课题。

Leadership can more explain why all managers should ideally be leaders and not all leaders should be managers.

领导可以更好的解释为什么所有的管理者都应该是领导者而没有必要所有的领导者同时也是管理者。

 

 

3. Discuss what research has shown about leadership traits.

 谈论研究已显示的领导特质的内容

Seven traits associated with effective leadership include drive the desire to lead honest and integrity self-confidence intelligence job-relevant knowledge and extraversion.

研究发现七项特质与有效领导有关,它们是:内在驱动力、领导愿望、正直与诚实、自信、智慧,杰出的表现。

 

4. Contrast the findings of the four behavioral leadership theories.

  对比四种行为领导理论的发现

University of Lava Studies

Three leadership styles: the automatism styles the democratic style and the laisselfaire style.

艾奥瓦大学的研究

三种领导风格:独裁型风格、民主型风格和放任型风格。

The Ohio State Studies

Two dimensions: initiating structure, consideration.

俄亥州立大学的研究

两个难度:定规维度、关怀维度。

University of Michigan Studies:

Two dimensions: employee oriented, production oriented.

密歇根大学的研究

两个维度:员工导向、生产导向。

The Managerial Grid

Two dimension: concern for people, concern for production.

管理方格

两个维度:关心人、关心生产。

 

 

5. Explain the dual nature of a leader’s behavior

  解释领导者行为的两个基本特征

The dual nature: focusing on the task, focusing on the people.

两个基本特征:关心工作的完成(任务) 关心群体成员(人)

The leaders who focus on the dark focus on the achieving higher performance.

The leaders who focus on the people focus on the achieving higher member satisfaction.

那些关心工作完成(任务)的领导,关注于取得更高的工作业绩。

那些关系群体成员(人)的领导,关心员工更高的满意度。

 

6. Explain how Fiedler’s model of leadership is a contingency model.

  解释费德勒的领导模型是一个怎样的权变模型

The leader contingency model defines two leadership styles(task oriented and relationship oriented)and three situational factors(leader-member relations task structure and position power).Task-situations leaders performed better in very favorable situation and in very unfavorable situations.Relationship-otiented leaders performed Bette in moderately favorable situations.

费德勒的权变模型确定了两种领导风格(关系取向和任务取向),以及三项情境变量(领导者—成员关系、任务结构和职位权力)。在非常有利和非常不利的情境中,任务取向的领导者效果更好;在中等有利的情境中,关系取向的领导者效果更好。

 

7. Contrast situational leadership theory and the leader participation model.

  对比情境领导理论和领导者参与模型

The situational leadership theory (SLT) is hold that successful leadership is achieved by selecting the right leadership style, which is contingent on the level of the folloroers’readiness.

情境领导理论认为,通过选择正确的领导风格可以实现成功的领导,而选择的过程又受到下属成熟的影响。

The leader participation model , which related leadership behavior and participation to decision making. It evaluates the contingency variable of task structure, perhaps define leader’s behavior and the mambers’degree of partiapation in decision making on the basis of different situations.

领导者参与模型指出领导行为和决策参与之间的关系,根据不同的情境来评估任务结构的名项权变变量,可能确定领导者的行为以及下属在决策中的参与程度。

 

 

管理就是把复杂的问题简单化,混乱的事情规划化

                    ——通用电器公司总裁杰克·韦尔奇

              

 

 

                                                                                      2008年6月15日

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