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A matter of standards标准问题

(2009-05-10 20:58:49)
标签:

媒体伦理

杂谈

分类: Ethic

Dilemmas 37

A matter of standards

In the late 1940s, public burnings of comic books took place schools in New York State. By June 1953, things had got to such a pretty pass, that a special subcommittee of the House of Representatives was set up to investigate. Put in front of it was the publisher Bill Gaines, of EC comics, responsible for many of the low points of the new ‘dreadfuls’ , such as a story entitled ‘Foul Paly’ which involved a man’s intestines being used to mark out a baseball pitch. Here is part of the official house transcript of the interview:

SENATOR: Here is your May 22 issue[of Crime SuspenStories]. This seems to be a man with a bloody axe holding a woman’s head up which has been severed from her body. Do you think that is in good taste?

PUBLISHER: Yessir, I do-for the cover of a horror comic. A cover in bad taste, for example, might be defined as holding the head a little higher so that the neck could be seen dripping blood from it and moving the body over a little further so that the neck of the body could be seen to be bloody.

SENATOR: You have blood coming out of her mouth.

PUBLISHER: A little.

SENATOR: Here is blood on the axe. I think most adults are shocked by that.

COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN: Here is another one I want to show him …

SENATOR: This is the July one. It seems to be a man with a woman in a boat and he is choking her to death with a crowbar. Is that in good taste?

PUBISHER: I think so.

SENATOR’S AIDE: How could it be worse?

Maurice looks at the dreadful stuff in front of him, and then at the publisher’s defence. It seems a bit feeble. Surely, on grounds of simple good taste, the public should be protected from the depravitiesof the unreformed?

在二十世纪四十年代后期,在纽约的各个学校外面发生了一系列的焚烧漫画书的事件。1953年六月的时候,这一事件几乎烟消云散的时候,美国众议院成立一个特别的小组委员会来调查此事。首先受调查的是EC漫画的出版商比尔·盖恩斯,他应当为许多“极端恐怖的事情”(漫画内容)负责,比如一个名字叫“犯规”的故事,其中包含了这样的情节,一个人的肠子被用来为棒球场划界。这里是访谈的打印稿的一部分:

参议员:这里是五月22日关于《犯罪故事集锦》的一些问题。这里好像是写到一个男子用一把血淋淋的斧头砍下了一个妇人的头。你觉得这品味很高吗?

出版商:是的,我是这么想的。我认为漫画的那个恐怖的封面很不错。一个很烂的封面是这样的,比如头颅被砍下而脖子仍然可以被看见,鲜血从里面溢出来,并且还喷出一段距离所以身上的那一段脖子看上去就是血琳琳的。

参议员:她的嘴里也流出血来。

出版商:有一点。

参议员:斧子上也还有血迹。我想绝大多数成人都会为此震惊。

委员长:这里还有一条我想给他看的。

参议员:这是七月的一期。这是一个男人在船上强奸了一个女子,并用一根撬棍插入了她的下体。这也是高品位?

出版商:我是这么想的。

参议员助理:还有比这更糟的吗?

毛瑞思看了一下他面前的这些令人毛骨悚然的材料,然后又看了一下出版商的辩护。那看上去有些单薄。想必,一种显而易见的高品位的基础应该是使其公开的受众免受这些未经改良的堕落之物的的影响

译自《101 Ethical dilemmas second edition p62  by MARTIN COHEN  published by Routledge in 2007

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