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CAP认证关于运输服务

(2009-03-19 14:28:16)
标签:

杂谈

TRANSPORT SERVICES

运输服务

This section addresses specimens received from remote locations outside of the facility in which the laboratory is located, as well as specimens referred by the laboratory to other locations.  While transportation of clinical specimens may not be the responsibility of personnel under the control of the laboratory director, issues of tracking and specimen quality must be addressed to ensure quality laboratory results.

 

      

GEN.40511

Phase II

N/A  YES  NO

 

Are all specimens properly packaged and labeled to indicate the general nature of the materials transported?是否所有的样品被完全的包装和贴签以显示被运输的材料的大概性质?

 

NOTE:  All specimens must be properly packaged and labeled to indicate the general nature of the materials transported.

 

      

GEN.40512

Phase II

N/A  YES  NO

 

Does the laboratory package and ship infectious material in accordance with applicable federal, state and local regulations?实验室包装和运输有传染性的物资是否遵循联邦政府的规章制度和当地的法规?

 

GEN.40515

Phase II

N/A  YES  NO

 

Are transport personnel trained in appropriate safety and packaging procedures suitable to specimen type and distances transported?运输人员是否经过安全和包装程序的培训,程序需要与样品类型和运输距离相适应?

 

NOTE:  This should include issues such as adherence to regulations for transport of biohazards, use of rigid containers where appropriate, temperature control, notification procedures in case of accident or spills, etc.

 

**REVISED**       10/31/2006

GEN.40522

Phase II

N/A  YES  NO

 

Is there documented certified training of all personnel involved in the packaging and shipping of infectious materials?对涉及到运输有传染性材料的人员,是否有经过合格培训的证明?

 

NOTE:  Federal and international regulations mandate the proper packaging and transportation of infectious substances, also termed “etiologic agents.”  Infectious materials are now classified into two categories, category A (referred to as “infectious substances”) and category B (referred to as “biologic substances, Category B”).  Category A substances are capable of causing permanent disability or life-threatening or fatal disease in otherwise healthy humans or animals when exposure occurs.  Category B substances are not in a form generally capable of causing permanent disability or life-threatening or fatal disease in otherwise healthy humans or animals when exposure occurs.  Several examples of category A substances include organisms such as Brucella abortus (cultures only), Ebola virus, or Mycobacterium tuberculosis (cultures only).  Most laboratory specimens fall under category B.  Refer to the references below for further information.

 

Specific requirements are set forth by the U.S. Public Health Service, the U.S. International Air Transport Association (IATA), the U.S. Department of Transportation and the U.S. Postal Service.  These apply to domestic transportation by land, air or sea, and to international air transportation.  All personnel who package specimens for shipment must satisfactorily complete certified training in these requirements.  Certified training is required every 2 years.

 

The laboratory may send personnel to courses for certified training, or may obtain materials to train its personnel in-house.  Resources for certified training are available from many sources, including state health departments, vendors of shipping materials, and the CDC National Laboratory Training Network (NLTN).

 

      

GEN.40530

Phase I

N/A  YES  NO

 

For specimens submitted to the laboratory from remote sites, is there a documented tracking system to ensure that all specimens are actually received?对于从远处递交到实验室的样本,是否有个跟踪系统来确保所有样本被接收?

 

NOTE:  Documentation should include time of dispatch and receipt, as well as condition of specimens upon receipt.  An example of an acceptable tracking system is submission of a packing list (prepared by the client or courier) with each batch of client specimens, which may be checked against the specimens received by the laboratory.  Some laboratory tests (e.g., coagulation assays) have limitations on time and temperature conditions between collection and analysis.  This question applies to couriers/transportation systems that are part of the laboratory organization, not to outside courier systems.

 

      

GEN.40535

Phase I

N/A  YES  NO

 

Is there an adequate process for correcting problems identified in specimen transportation, and improving performance of clients or offices that frequently submit specimens improperly?是否有适当的过程来纠正在样本传递过程中出现的问题并且对样本传递经常出现错误的机构进行改进?

 

      

GEN.40540

Phase I

N/A  YES  NO

 

Is there a documented system to monitor the quality of specimens received from remote sites and collection sites not under the control of the laboratory?是否有文件化的程序来监控从外地或不在实验室控制范围之内的采集点传递过来的样本的质量?

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