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(2008-11-10 11:12:42)



分类: 中英对照


Establish a Personal Support Network


A personal support network is made up of individuals who will check with you in an emergency to ensure you are O.K. and to give assistance if needed. This network can consist of friends, roommates, family members, relatives, personal attendants, co-workers and neighbors.



Some people rely on personal assistance services (attendants). This type of assistance may not be available after a major quake. Therefore it is vital that your personal support network consist of different people than those who are your personal attendants. If you employ a personal attendant or use the services of a home health agency or other type of in-home service, discuss with these people a plan for what you will do in case of an emergency. How will you get along in an emergency for as long as 7 days? A critical element to consider in your emergency planning is the establishment of a personal support network.



Even if you do not use a personal attendant, it is important to consider having a personal support network to assist you in coping with an emergency. Do not depend on any one person. Work out support relationships with several individuals. Identify a minimum of three people at each location where you regularly spend a significant part of your week: job, home, school, volunteer site, etc.



In spite of your best planning, sometimes a personal support network must be created on the spot. For example you may find yourself in a shelter and needing to assemble help for immediate assistance. Think about what you will need, how you want it done and what kind of person you would select.



Seven Important Items to Discuss, Give to and Practice with Your Personal Support Network:


  • Make arrangements, prior to an emergency, for your support network to immediately check on you after a disaster and, if needed, offer assistance.


  • Exchange important keys.


  • Show where you keep emergency supplies.


  • Share copies of your relevant emergency documents, evacuation plans and emergency health information card.


  • Agree and practice a communications system regarding how to contact each other in an emergency. Do not count on the telephones working.


  • You and your personal support network should always notify each other when you are going out of town and when you will return.


  • The relationship should be mutual. Learn about each other's needs and how to help each other in an emergency. You could be responsible for food supplies and preparation, organizing neighborhood watch meetings, interpreting, etc.




When staying in hotels/motels identify yourself to registration desk staff as a person who will need assistance in an emergency and state the type of assistance you may need.


Health Card


  • An emergency health information card communicates to rescuers what they need to know about you if they find you unconscious or incoherent, or if they need to quickly help evacuate you.


  • An emergency health information card should contain information about medications, equipment you use, allergies and sensitivities, communication difficulties you may have, preferred treatment, treatment-medical providers, and important contact people.


  • Make multiple copies of this card to keep in emergency supply kits, car, work, wallet (behind driver's license or primary identification card), wheelchair pack, etc.


Emergency Contact List

  • Ask several relatives or friends who live outside your immediate area (approximately 100 miles away) to act as a clearing house for information about you and your family after a disaster. It is often easier to place an out of state long distance call from a disaster area, than to call within the area. All family members should know to call the contact person to report their location and condition. Once contact is made, have the contact person relay messages to your other friends and relatives outside the disaster area. This will help to reduce calling into and out of the affected area once the phones are working.
  • 要求不住在您居住区域以内的几个亲戚朋友(大约外100英哩之外)做为大灾之后你和家人联系的信息交换中心。 大灾之后, 向灾区以外打长途电话要比在受灾区域之内相互打电话容易得多。所有家庭成员要了解该找哪些联系人报告他们的所在位置和情况。一旦建立了联系,要请联系人把您的信息转告给在灾区之外的其他亲戚朋友。一旦建立了电话联系,这么做将帮助减少受灾害影响的区域叫入和叫入的次数。
  • Besides emergency out-of-town contacts, list should include personal support network, equipment vendors, doctors, utility companies, employers, schools, day care centers, for other family or household members.
  • 除了的外阜的联络人,紧急情况联系人名单中还应该包括个人支持网络,设备供营商,辅助器具公司,雇主,学校,日托中心医生,其他家庭或家庭成员。

Emergency Documents (includes important information typically needed after a disaster)

  • Store emergency documents in your home emergency supply kits. Copies of life saving information (i.e., specifications for adaptive equipment or medical devices should be in all of your emergency kits and medication lists should be on your health card) should be stored in all of your emergency kits. Other emergency documents should be kept together with your home emergency pack--family records, wills, deeds, social security number, charge and bank accounts, etc., for access in an emergency. These should be stored in sealed freezer bags with copy sent to out-of-state contacts.

把应急文件存放在您家的应急物品袋里。救命信息的副本(比如,在您的应急包内应当有自用救急设备或医疗器械的使用说明,您的健康卡应当包含你使用药物的清单)应存放在您所有的应急袋内。其他紧急文件连同您的,遗嘱,契约,社会安全号码,银行来往帐户等应保存在家庭应急包内, 以便出现紧急情况时容易找到。这些东西应存放在密封袋里和发给外州的联系人的其他副本保存在一起。


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