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不要浪费每一滴水!—Make every drop of water count!

(2007-04-01 21:47:27)
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英语学习

博考

5-1

   中文中有“锱铢必较”,“寸土必争”的说法。这种表达方式就是通过使用很小的单位来表示“全部”,“所有”的含义。新概念英语第二册就有下面的说法:
   The books cover every inch of floor space and I actually have to walk on them to get in or out of the room. 这些书把地板都铺满了,我不得不踏在这些书上进出房间。
   有一本商务英语的书中还有这样一句:
   I loved every minute of my university education. 我对大学生活的一点一滴的时间都很珍视。
   如果你愿意你就可以造一个这样的句子:
   I like to play computer games. I enjoy every minute of it.
   爱情是美好的,因此有一首情歌的题目就是:Lovin’ Every Minute of It.
   一位体态丰满的女士拒绝减肥,她也不担心减肥,她很自信地说:
   My husband loves me. He relished every ounce of me.
   要是让我翻译,我就把这句话翻译成:“我丈夫爱我。我长一块肉他就喜欢一块。”

   下面是一句讲的是美国NBC电视著名的前主持人汤姆布罗考:
   He (Tom Brokaw) felt every bit of passion that those people were feeling. 他(汤姆布罗考)能够体会到这些人所体验的所有激情。

   This place is teeming with people scavenging every ounce of steel. 这个地方有许多把每一块废弃的钢都拣回来的人。(这里scavenge是“拣垃圾”的意思)
   其实水资源已经变得很稀缺了,因此环保人士呼吁:
   Make every drop count. 不要浪费每一滴水!
   有人把“老乡见老乡,两眼泪汪汪” 翻译成下面的样子:
   When folks from home come meet in strange land, they share every drop of their tears.
   这里的every drop还可以与其它的词连用而表达很有用的意思:
   This is a practical guide for squeezing every drop of performance out of your application software. 这是一个非常使用教你如何充分利用你运用软件全部功能的实用指南。
   其它的用法还有:  every drop of value, every drop of blood, every drop of effort.
   We tried to squeeze every drop of value out of the equipment. 我们必须充分挖掘这个设备的每一点价值。
   Every drop of effort brings a gush of rewards. 一点点的努力都会带来巨大的回报。
   We should save every drop of our resource. 我们必须节约每一点滴的资源。

   末了,还补充一点。我们中国人说“一寸光阴一寸金”。我们是用长度来丈量光阴,而英美人是用重量来衡量时间的,看下面的例子:
   A pound of gold cannot buy an ounce of time. An ounce of gold, if lost, can be easily replaced. But once time has gone by, you can't bring it back again. 一寸黄金买不回一寸光阴。一寸金损失了还可以找回来。一旦时间逝去了,就再也挽回不了了。

_____________________

入世后看病如何挑医院
合资医院服务好,价格高
入世后,许多人需要医疗保健时,总是毫不犹豫地选择洋医院,理由很简单,就是冲着洋医院的服务去的。一般来说,洋医院医生中大多数持有外国医师执照,在候诊室里,沙发、电视、茶点、杂志一应俱全,大厅里有儿童乐园,走廊里还播放着轻松优雅的背景音乐。在这里,病人被视为“客人”,他们不必排队排号,不必楼上楼下跑,划价、交费、取药在一个窗口。病人的候诊时间不超过10分钟,看病时,每位病人不能少于45分钟,病人可以充分地向医生表述病情,医护人员保证全方位服务,在诊疗时,医生还会增加心理咨询、健康教育等内容,来到这里,病人可以感到家一样的温馨。
不过洋医院目前的收费是很高的,在北京的洋医院里,看一次感冒需要500元左右,在这500元左右的费用中药费仅占100元左右,洋医院所收费用的80%是患者为院方提供的高质量服务而付的,而公立医院的收入则主要来自药品差价,有的达到了高收入的90%。可见,洋医院与公立医院最大的不同是,前者挣得是服务费,后者挣得是药品钱。
民营医院有发展空间
民营医院一般是指民间、社会资本占主体的医院。目前,我国约有民办医院400多家,私人诊所137万个,个体医生近20万名,从总体看民办医疗机构虽然在数量上占全国卫生机构总数的41%,但主要与规模较小的私人诊所,每年为社会提供的医疗服务量上约占总量的     。目前的基础设施、诊疗设备、技术水平等方面,还难以与具备优势的公立医院形成公平、有效的竞争局面。
民营医院出现让人想起十几年前人们对超市的概念也是比较模糊的,即使总认为里面装修豪华、高档,因为货物很贵而不愿意进门,而今超市大大普及了,人们纷纷进入购物,因为物有所值。国营医院或许正有类似的经历,它也将有一个自然成长的过程,而2002年我国政府又提出了在卫生资源相对过剩的地方,鼓励投资者通过收购、重组现有的公立医院方式,举办营利性医疗机构和民办非营利性医疗机构,提出了社会资本提资着重于目前服务能力较欠缺的老年慢性病护理、康复、婴幼儿保健等领域。据悉,5年内全国65万家医院的40%要办成民营医院。政府目前正会同有关部门研究其中的一些政策性问题。随着社会观念的变化和政府环境的改善,民营医院必能与公立医院相辅相成,互争高低,成为医疗卫生界一道独特风景具体而为人民群众提供更多更好的医疗服务。
公立医院正进行全方位的改革
长期以来,我国的公立医院一直享有政府支持和财政补贴。其基础建设、技术力量、医疗设备堪称雄厚,且明显高于民营医院。老百姓看病已经习惯去公立医院,更何况到公立医院看病各种费用低于合资医院。不同于民营医院的是,医药费还可以报销。但是公立医院存在的问题,又使老百姓看病时满腹牢骚。比如挂号时间长、交费时间长、候诊时间长、看病时间短等问题。尤其公立医院的服务问题,一直困扰着医患关系实行正常化。
加入WTO后,洋医院先进的医疗技术、仪器和管理手段对公立医院将构成威胁。为了留住病人,公立医院开始实施全方位的改革措施,不仅在管理体制上、人事制度上进行改革,而且更多的是纷纷打起了技术、服务、环境、价格牌。比如许多公立医院花巨资增添先进仪器和对门诊进行全面改造。据悉,有的医院开始有医生预约制,不管患者到不到,在预约的时间里,医生都得等病人。还比如公立医院之间共同组建医疗协作体,其用意一是提高医疗技术,二是扩大服务阵营。

How to pick up hospitals after China’s accession/entry into WTO
Joint-venture hospitals offer high-quality service but are expensive
 After China’s entry into WTO, a good many people will choose foreign-funded hospitals without hesitation when they need medical care for the simple reason of high-quality service provided by these hospitals. Generally speaking, the doctors in most foreign hospitals have licenses for practicing medicine issued by foreign authorities (holder of a licence). In the waiting rooms, (there are) you can find sofa, TV sets, tea and cookies, magazines etc. There are children pleasure/play center and in the corridors, you can hear sweet and relaxing background music (soothing effect). Here, patients are seen/treated as “guests.” They don’t have to wait in long line for registration or go upstairs and downstairs, exhausted (He likes to travel light./ Every night, he went home exhausted./ These are procedures you have to go through.). You can go through/ take care of/ handle the pricing, paying, picking up medicines at one single place. The waiting time of patients does not exceed (is less than) 10 minutes. The time a doctor spends with a patient should be more than 45 minutes. A patient has adequate time to fully explain his problems to the doctor, and doctors and nurses provide comprehensive services. In the process of treatment and diagnosis, the doctor add mental/psychological consultation/ counseling (marriage consoling) and health education to his or her service. Here, you feel comfortable as if you were at your own home.   

 But the foreign hospitals charge very high fee. In the foreign-funded hospitals in Beijing, you have to pay approximately/about 500 yuan for a single visit for common cold. Among /Of the 500 yuan, the charge for medicines is/accounts for only about 100 yuan. 80% of the money a foreign hospital charges a patient is for the high-quality service (that) the hospital provides. The income of public hospitals mainly comes from the price difference of medicines, and the income may account for 90% of their total income. This shows/ reveals/ demonstrates/ illustrates/ suggests that the public hospitals differ from the foreign hospitals in that the former earn service fee while the latter makes money from selling medicines.

Privately-owned hospitals have room for further development
 Private hospitals refer to /means those medical institutions whose capital is predominantly of non-governmental and private nature (It depends on the nature of the material./ Most adverse reactions are of mild nature.). Currently (Nowadays, at present), there are about 400 privately-owned hospitals, 1.2 million private clinics, 200 thousand self-employed doctors. Generally/overall, the privately-owned hospitals, which only account for / make up 41% of all medical institutions in China, but they are mainly small private clinics and the service they provide only make up a small portion/fraction of total amount of service. At present, they can’t effectively compete with public hospitals on equal footing in terms of infrastructure, treatment and diagnosis equipment (Pest Control) and level of professional skills.
 The emergence/appearance/ advent of privately-owned hospital remind us of the supermarkets that appeared several years ago. People only had a vague/ confusing idea about them. They are associated with the beautiful interior decoration and expensive items you can’t afford, and they looked forbidding to people. Now the supermarkets are everywhere and people are buying things in them because the products are worth the (every penny) money you pay. The privately-owned hospitals in China may be also experiencing the same. They will also go through process of natural development (growth). In 2000, our government began to encourage investors to run/operate/open commercial or not-for-profit medical institutions by buying and restructuring the publicly-owned hospitals in the areas suffering from shortage of medical resources (The center was activated last week./ operating cost).  The government also encourages social capital to be put in such fields as the care and rehabilitation of senile chronic diseases and health care of infants etc that are not fully-developed in China. It is reported that within 5 years, 40% of 650 thousands public hospitals will be changed /reformed/ converted into private hospitals. The governments, together with relevant departments, are discussing/studying some issues in policy-making. With the change of people’s mentality and governmental policies, private hospitals will become a complementary part of public hospitals. The co-existence and competition of two kinds of medical institutions will be a feature that characterizes the sector of medical services. This will help/drive hospitals to serve people better.  

Public hospitals are going through an overall reform
 Over a long period of time, the public hospitals in China have been enjoying the financial support and subsidy from the government. Their infrastruture, technical strength and medical equipment are (can be described as) strong and are substantially superior to those of private hospitals. Average people are used/accustomed to going to public hospitals for seeking medical help and the charges for medical services are much lower than those of joint-venture hospitals(This is only a band-aid solution./ palliative / radical treatment). What is more, the medical expenses incurred in public hospitals can be reimbursed, which is different from visits to private hospitals. The problems with public hospitals make people complain a lot. These problems include long waiting time for registration, paying fee and waiting and short doctor service time. The problems of public hospitals with medical service have been plaguing the doctor-patient relationship. (The area has been plagued by water shortage.)

 After entry into WTO, the advanced technology and management of foreign hospitals pose threat to the public hospitals. To attract and retain patients, public hospitals are introducing sweeping reform. They are not only carrying out restructuring in the systems of personnel, management but also playing the cards of price, technologies, service, atmosphere etc.. A good many hospitals, it is said, invested heavily in introducing advanced equipment and apparatus and completely remodeled outpatients departments. Some hospital introduced appointment program with which a doctor has to wait for his patient on appointment no matter patient shows up. Another example is that many public hospitals form alliance designed to improve the quality and scale of medical services.


 

 

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