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程度状语和方式状语

(2010-10-24 14:10:26)
标签:

宋体

状语

程度副词

介词短语

程度状语和方式状语

一、程度状语

1、名词作程度状语

名词作程度状语多修饰形容词和副词, 例如:

The baby is seven months old. 那个婴儿有七个月了。

The rope is 100 meters long. 这根绳子有一百米长。

It weighs almost a ton.它几乎有一吨重。

This ticket is three days overdue. 这张票已经过期三天了。

The temperature fell seven degrees in a single night. 气温一夜间下降了七度。

2、副词作程度状语

副词almost, enough, entirely, extremely, fairly, far, greatly, half, much, nearly, pretty, quite, rather, slightly, so, somewhat, terribly, that, this, too, very, well, etc.都可以作程度副词,例如:

It’s very cold. 天气很冷。

The tortoise ran so slowly. 乌龟跑得这么慢。

The egg is this big. 那只鸡蛋有这么大。

They were greatly moved to hear the old man’s story.听了老人讲的情况,他们大为感动。

Of course, we were deeply impresssed. 当然这给我们留下了深刻的印象。

dead”作为程度副词常修饰 certaindrunk, level, quiet, right, straight, tired, wrongetc., 例如:

It’s dead silent in the room. 屋里一片沉默。

另外,像wide open, sound/fast asleep, burning hot, freezing cold, etc.都是固定表达法。

To my surprise, he was sound asleep in such a burning hot day at all. 使我感到吃惊的是,在这么炎热的天气里他居然睡得怎么香。

3、介词短语作程度状语

She was touched beyond words. 她被感动得没法形容。

They have raised the prices to three yuan a jin.他们已经把价格提高到三元一斤。

She slept like a dog. 他睡得很沉。

They escaped from the exploded spot, running around like mad. 他们像疯子一样四处奔跑,逃离了爆炸现场。

He was sad to death. 他悲痛欲绝。

4、动词不定式作程度状语

I was too stupid to answer this question. W我太笨了,当时没有回答出这个问题。

He was slow to make up his mind. 他迟迟不能下决心。

He is old enough to join the Army. 他到了服役的年龄了。

5、从句作程度状语

程度状语从句常用so…that, such…that引导,例如:

She was so glad that she jumped off the platform and held his coach in her arms tightly. 她是那么地高兴,以至从台上跳下去紧紧地抱住她的教练。

It is such a big room that the ten of us can live in it.这个房间是怎么大,我们十个人都可以住在里面。

二、方式状语

1、名词作方式状语

名词作方式状语常用词组形式,例如:

She likes to have it her own way. 他喜欢按照自己的方式去做事。

We should serve the people heart and soul. 我们应该全心全意地为人民服务。

They went out hand in hand. 他们手牵手地出去了。

She dived in head first.她头朝下跳进水里。

The picture was hung upside down.. 这张画子被倒挂着。

Peel the apple this way. 要像这样削苹果皮。

2、副词作方式状语

下列副词常在句子中作方式状语alone, bravely, calmly, carefully, clearly, cleverly, cruelly, curiously, foolishly, generously, how, hurriedly, kindly, naturally, nervously, patiently, proudly, quietly, secretly, simply, successfully, warmly, etc.例如:

He foolishly sat there, staring out of the window. 他傻乎乎地坐在那儿,眼睛直盯着窗外。

The girl said proudly, “Sure!” 那个女孩骄傲地说:“一定行!”

3、介词短语作方式状语

引导方式状语的介词常用的有:by, in, like, on, over, through, with; by way of, by means of, etc. 例如:

They were chatting in a loud voice. 他们正在大声地聊天。

Did you come here by bus? 你们是坐公共汽车来的吗?

We learn swimming only by swimming. 我们只能通过游泳来学习游泳。

Though a third person I got the letter. 我是通过一个第三者才收到那封信的。

I learned French on/over the radio. 我是跟广播学法语的。

He went home with a heavy heart. 他带着沉重的心情回家的。

4、形容词作方式状语

From my hands he took the notice, full of thanks. 他万分感激地从我手上接过通知书。

He approached us full of appologies.他满脸歉意地向我们走来。

The beggar lay on the ground hungry and thirsty. 那个乞丐饥渴难忍地躺在地上。

5、  独立结构作状语

The boy leant against the wall, his teeth set and his eyes glaring upward. 那个男孩斜靠在墙上,牙关紧闭,愤怒的双眼直射上方。

She lay on her back in bed, her hands crossed under her head. 她仰卧在床上,双手交叉着放在头下。

6、  分词短语作方式状语

She had to work standing. 她得站着干活。

They came up, shouldering fishing poles. 他们肩上扛着雨竿一路走过来。

Flushed and breathless,she ran into the room. 她满脸通红,气喘吁吁地跑进房间。

Pointing to the star, he said, “Didn’t you see it?” 他指着那颗星星说:“难道你没有看到那颗星星?”

7、从句作方式状语

Do as I told you yesterday. 照我昨天跟你说的去做。

She treats him as if/though he were her own son. 她把他看成是自己的亲生儿子一样。

 

 

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