The Recent CPC Resolution and the Sino-U.S. Relations
The “Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Upholding and Improving the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics and on Modernizing the System and Capacity for the Governance of China” was adopted at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee on October 31, 2019. What does this Resolution mean to China? And what does it mean to China’s relations with the United States?
What can China benefit from the Resolution?
For this reason, at the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee in 2013, the CPC decided for the first time to “modernize the system and capacity for the governance of China.” It also made it the overall objective of China’s reform to “improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and modernize the system and capacity for the governance of China.” The session was meaningful in that it marked the CPC’s beginning of its systematic design and implementation of reform.
The drafting team began to function in April. The team worked out a draft Resolution based on a review of relevant CPC documents, on a summary of the experiences in China's revolution, construction, and reform, especially the main theories and practices since the 18th CPC National Congress, and on repeated discussions. At the beginning of September, the first draft Resolution was issued within a certain scope of the CPC including veteran members for discussion. These people proposed 1,948 revisions, 436 of which were accepted. In addition, supplements were made, contents were rewritten, and wording was improved in 283 places of the draft Resolution. The Resolution was finalized with 15 parts and 18,449 Chinese characters. The main significance of the Resolution for China is that it answered the question of what China should uphold and strengthen and what it should improve and develop.
What will the Resolution’s impact on Sino-U.S. relations be?
For China now, the first consideration is not diplomacy, but the decisive factor that affects China's present and future. Therefore, the Resolution did not mention the United States. However, the United States is the only single country that exerts the most influence over China, although the impact is significantly lower than when China first began to reform and open up. Moreover, the process of drafting and revising the Resolution coincided with the Sino-U.S. trade war. This could not be ignored in the drafting process.
In his explanation of the Resolution,
The Resolution emphasizes the need to improve the national security
a holistic approach to national security,
balance development and security, improve mechanisms for
identifying and defusing national security risks and boost China’s
ability to guard against and defuse these risks.
in its diplomacy with the United States, China will think about
worst-case scenarios and work to play a
Maintaining peace and realizing development remains China's central
task. Therefore, the Resolution emphasizes that China will uphold
an independent foreign policy of peace, promote the building of a
human community with a shared future, and advance the establishment
of an open system of cooperation and win-win results. To this end,
the global governance principle of achieving shared growth through
discussion and collaboration,
actively participate in the reform and development of the system
for global governance, stand
The Resolution also emphasizes that China will
uphold the mutually beneficial strategy of opening up, contribute
to the high-quality development of the Belt and Road Initiative,
safeguard and improve the multilateral trading system, promote
trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and help
a global, high-standard free trade zone network. The Resolution
stresses that China will also
support other developing countries in improving their capacity for
independent development, and help resolve issues such as
uneven global development
It can be seen that while thinking about worst-case scenarios, China has not closed itself and has no intention of "decoupling from " or "pursuing a comprehensive confrontation with” the United States. On the contrary, it will continue to promote the Belt and Road Initiative in an open and inclusive manner. China welcomes the continued cooperation of the U.S. government, institutions, and individuals. China believes that both China and the United States have many areas and issues on which they can cooperate with each other, whether in either of them or in a third-party market.
（Translated by Tong Xiaohua）