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考研英语小作文最后救命法典

(2016-12-21 17:24:53)
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杂谈

​考研英语小作文

第三部分  写作

该部分由A、B两节组成,主要考查考生的书面表达能力。共30分。

A节:考生根据所给情景写出约100词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、报告等。

考生在答题卡2上作答。共10分。


我们来看小作文题目:

2005年

Two months ago you got a job as an editor for the magazine Designs & Fashions. But now you find that the work is not what you expected. You decide to quit. Write a letter to your boss, Mr. Wang, telling him your decision, stating your reason(s), and making an apology.

Write your letter with no less than 100 words. Write it neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use “Li Ming” instead. Do not write the address. (10 points)


2006年

You want to contribute to Project Hope by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area. Write a letter to a department concerned, asking them to help find a candidate. You should specify what kind of child you want to help and how you will carry out your plan.

Write your letter in no less than 100 words. Write it neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use “Li Ming” instead. Do not write the address. (10 points)


2007年

Write a letter to your university library, making suggestions for improving its service.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.

Do not write the address. (10 points)


2008年

You have just come back from Canada and found a music CD in your luggage that you forgot to return to Bob, your landlord there. Write him a letter to 

1) Make an apology, and 

2) Suggest a solution.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use “Li Ming” instead. 

Do not write the address.


2009年

Restrictions on the use of plastic bags have not been so successful in some regions. “White pollution” is still going on. Write a letter to the editor(s) of your local newspaper to

1) give your opinions briefly, and

2) make two or three suggestions.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use “Li Ming” instead. 

Do not write the address. (10 points)


2010年

You are supposed to write for the Postgraduates’ Association a notice to recruit volunteers for an international conference on globalization. The notice should include the basic qualification for applicants and other information which you think is relevant.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the notice. Use “Postgraduates’ Association” instead. (10 points)


2011年

Write a letter to a friend of yours to

1)  Recommend one of your favorite movies and

2)  give reasons for your recommendation

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.

Do not writer the address. (10 points)


2012年

Directions: Some internationals students are coming to your university. Write them an email in the name of the Students’ Union to

1)  extend your welcome and

2)  provide some suggestions for their campus life here.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET2. Do not sign your name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.

Do not write the address. (10 point)


2013年

Write an e-mail of about 100 words to a foreign teacher in your college, inviting him/her to be a judge for the upcoming English speech contest.

You should include the details you think necessary.

You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the email. Use “Li Ming” instead.

Do not write the address.


2014年

Write a letter of about 100 words to the president of your university, suggesting how to improve students’ physical condition.

You should include the details you think necessary.

You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the email. Use “Li Ming” instead.

Do not write the address.


2015年

You are going to host a club reading session. Write an email of about 100 words recommending a book to the club members.

You should state reasons for your recommendation.

You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the email. Use “Li Ming” instead.

Do not write the address.


应对策略:

1. 审清题目,了解这是什么文体,看清楚要求。

____________________________   或者  ______________________________

填写:个人信函 或者 公务信函

2. 思考称谓应该怎么写。

______________________________

______________________________

______________________________

填写:

Dear …, (私人信函)

Dear Sir/Madam, (公务信函)

To Whom It May Concern,  (公务信函)

3. 思考分为几段,每段该写什么。

__________________________________________________________

填写:认真读题,真相在题目中。

第一段:一般自我介绍(公务信函) 表明来意

第二段:根据题干写实质性的内容

第三段:可能感谢,可能道歉,可能期待回复。

4. 思考落款该怎么写。

我叫李明,我叫李明

填写:

Sincerely yours

      Li Ming 

(Zhang Wei)


小作文必杀句(抛砖引玉,继续扩充)

(一)自我介绍:

1. I am a staff member of your company/corporation.

2. I am a staff member of Nokia (China) Electronics Ltd.

3. I am a freshman/sophomore/junior/senior/undergraduate student/graduate student/postgraduate student from one of the universities in our city.


(二)写信目的:

1. I am writing this letter for the purpose of resigning from the current post/position.

2. I am writing with sincerity to inform you that I wish to request if you could find a potential beneficiary of Project Hope.

3. I am writing this letter of my intention of withdrawing from my current position.

4. I am writing this letter in order to recommend you my favorite movie.


(三)表示感谢:

1. My appreciation for you to your generous help is beyond words.

2. Words fail me when I wish to express/show my sincere gratitude to you. (感激之情,溢于言表)

3. I take this opportunity to extend my heartfelt appreciation to the kind/aid/assistance you give/offer/render me. 

4. Thank you for your kindness/consideration. 


(四)期待回复:

1. I look forward to hearing from you soon.

2. I am looking forward to your favorable reply at your earliest convenience.

3. Your prompt attention to my inquiry would be highly appreciated.


(五)表示歉意:

1. I apologize (in advance) for any trouble/inconvenience I will bring to you.

2. I apologize for any inconvenience I have brought to you

3. I am sorry for any trouble I might bring to you.


附加:

Should you have any question, please contact me at the e-mail provided below: volunteer@sina.com.


小作文必备六大经典范文:

一、2005年考研真题:公务辞职信 道歉信

Dear Mr. Wang,

I am much grateful to be employed by you two months ago as an editor for your magazine Design & Fashions. I appreciate the opportunity of having worked here with you and other colleagues. The experiences will be unforgettable throughout my life.

However, as a young man whose primary interest is in computer science rather than fashion designing, I find my present job doesn’t fall in with my previous training and strength. I therefore decide to quit this job to something else that may conform to my former preparation.

Please accept my sincere apologies for any inconvenience my leaving may cause.

Yours truly

                                                                         Li Ming


二、2006年考研真题/最新英语(一)大纲样题:公务请求信

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am an undergraduate student in university. Moved by the noble cause of Project Hope and encouraged by what has been achieved so far, I would like to contribute my bit to the project by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area of your province.

I would be much grateful if you could help me seek out a girl who has just started schooling but whose family cannot afford her education. My plan is to pay for her tuition on an annual basis till she finishes her secondary education. I would like to remit my donation directly to a bank account opened by her family in her local area.

Yours truly

Li Ming


三、2007年考研真题/史上最难考题:公务建议信

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am a student in this university who regularly comes to the library to spend my spare time. Generally speaking, the service you offer here is quite good; however, I have some suggestions for you to adopt. And I would like to expend my greatest appreciation if you are so kind as to take my suggestions into consideration.

To begin with, will you please prolong the time for reading? In the daytime, most of the students are having classes, so they can’t come to the library. Moreover, some of the books on shelves are out of date. If you are so kind as to provide us some books such as the latest magazines, we will be greatly honored.

I really wish to have a more comfortable library. Thank you for your time and consideration.

                                                                  Sincerely yours

                                                                        Li Ming


四、2008年考研真题/最新英语(二)大纲样题:私人道歉 建议信

Dear Bob,

I am writing to make an apology to you for I forgot to return the music CD which I borrowed from you last week. Yesterday I have come back from Canada and I found it in my luggage. I am so sorry that you cannot listen to it at present.

The CD which I borrowed from you is made in Canada, so I believe you can find another one in your local store. How about your buying another CD by yourselves and I will pay for it? If you cannot find the similar one, I would send it back to you through a post office. And if there are any other solutions you like, please let me know.

I am sorry again for my carelessness. Looking forward to your reply.

                                                                   Yours sincerely

                                                                      Li Ming


五、2009年考研真题:公务建议信

Dear Editor,

I’m a sincere reader of your newspaper and I like your discussion of the social problems. Now I would like to give some opinions of myself about the “White Pollution”.

As we know, regulation was made to solve the problem in June 1st of 2008. The use of plastic bags for free was restricted in the supermarket and many other shops. At the beginning, it was carried on well, but now I find plastic bags are used in some small shops for free or with no pay.

I am writing to inform you that we should solve this problem soon with the help of your newspaper. You could make some investigations about it and write some reports of it, so as to appeal to all the people’s attention of our society.

Yours sincerely

                                                                      Li Ming



六、2010年考研真题:招募启事

Volunteers Needed

                                                                  January 9, 2010

To improve students’ ability and enrich after-class/extracurricular activities, the Postgraduate Association in recruiting volunteers for an international conference on globalization to be held on December 9, 2010 in Beijing. To begin with, applicants should have Chinese nationality, a strong professional spirit, cheerful personality and be aged under 35. In addition, candidates must have outstanding skills at English listening. Finally, students with relevant professional experience are preferred. Those graduate students who are interested in taking part in it may sign up with the monitors of their classes before February 1, 2010. Everybody is welcome to join in it.

                                                          Postgraduate Association


附录:参考模板(仅可参考,切勿完全背诵,摘录好句子)

1. 投诉信 ★★★★★

写作模式:提出投诉问题 具体投诉内容 要求

Dear_______,

I am _______.  (自我介绍)  I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaint about_______.  

The reason for my dissatisfaction is ______________ (总体介绍). In the first place, ______________________ (抱怨的第一个方面).  In addition, ______________ (抱怨的第二个方面).  Under these circumstances, I find it ___ (感觉) to  ____________________________ (抱怨的方面给你带来的后果).

I appreciate it very much if you could_______________________(提出建议和请求), preferably  __________(进一步的要求),  and I would like to have this matter settled by ______(设定解决事情最后期限).

Thank you for your consideration and I will be looking forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely 

Li Ming

2. 咨询信 ★★★★★

写作模式:写信目的 介绍背景 询问详情 表示谢意 期盼回复

Dear  ______,

I  am  ________________(自我介绍).  I  am  writing  to  see  if  it  is  possible  for  you  to  provide  me  with  information  regarding_______. (要询问的内容)

______________. (介绍下询问的原因) First  of  all,  what  are  _____________?(第一个问题)  Secondly,  when  will________________________________? (第二个问题)  Thirdly,  is  _________________? (第三个问题)

Most importantly, I  would  also  like  to  inquire  _____________________(将最重要的问题单独成段).  Could  you  be  so  kind  as  to  send  me  some  relevant  booklets  on  the  above-mentioned  aspects?

Thank  you  for  your  kindness,  and  your  prompt  attention  to  this  letter  will  be  highly  appreciated.

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

3. 请求信 ★★★

写作模式: 介绍自己 提出请求 说明原因及其它事项 表达协议 期盼回复

Dear___________,

I am __________. I am writing to formally request to ___________(请求的内容).

The reason for  ______________ is that______________________________(给出原因). I________,  so  I ___________________________________(给出细节).

I would also like to request ________________________(提出进一步的要求).  I am sorry for any inconvenience I have brought to you.

Thank you for your attention to these requests. Should you have any questions,  do not hesitate to contact me at____________(电话号码).  I look forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

4. 道歉信 ★★★

写作模式: 表示歉意 说明理由 提出弥补措施 请求原谅

Dear  ___________,

I  am  truly  sorry  that____________________ (道歉的原因).

The  reason  is  that  ___________ (介绍原因).  Once again,  I  am  sorry  for  any  inconvenience  caused.  Hope  you  can  accept  my  apologies  and  understand  my  situation.

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

5. 感谢信 ★★★

写作模式: 表示感谢 说明事由 再次表示感谢

Dear______,

I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude for  __________________(感谢的原因). If it had not been for your assistance in __________________(对方给你的具体帮助),  I fear that I would have been___________________(没有对方帮助时的后果).

Everyone agrees that it was you who___________________________(给出细节). Again, I would like to express my warm thanks to you! Please accept my gratitude.

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

6. 建议信

★★★

写作模式: 自我介绍 说明目的 委婉提出建议及改进措施或提出忠告 礼貌地总结或期盼回复

Dear ___________,

You have asked me for my advice with regard to _______, and I will try to make some conductive suggestions here.

In my humble opinion, you would be wise to take the following actions:_________________(建议的内容).

I hope you will find these proposals useful, and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details.

Good luck with your_______(祝愿).

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

7. 求职信

★★★

写作模式: 自我介绍 说明求职原因 表示个人能力 经历及求职动机 希望取得面试机会 表示感谢

Dear Sir or Madam,

I am writing this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in____________(报纸名称) of________(广告发布时间).

Not only do I have the qualifications for this job, but I also have the right personality for a __________(工作名称). On the one hand,__________________(第一个原因). On the other,  __________________(另一个原因).

Should you grant me a personal interview, I would be most grateful. If you need to know more about me,  please feel free to contact me at any time at  _______________(电话号码). Thank you for considering my application, and I am looking forward to meeting you.

Yours sincerely 

Li Ming

8. 邀请信★★★★★

写作模式:发出邀请 说明事由 说明活动地点 时间 表示期待 感谢

邀请信分为发出的邀请信和回复别人的邀请信。

Dear________,

There will a ________________(内容) at/in________________(地点) on___________(时间). We would be honored to have you there with us.

The occasion will start at ___________(具体时间). This will be followed by a _______(进一步的安排). At  around______(时间),____________________________(另一个安排).

I really hope you can make it. Please let me know if you come and when you will be able to make it before  ____________(通知你的最后期限).

Yours sincerely

Li Ming


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