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[转载]banish,exile,expatriate,deport,transport,extradite

(2019-06-19 17:38:18)
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分类: 大家语法
banish,exile,expatriate,deport,transport,extradite

These verbs mean to send away from a country or state.这些动词意指将某人遣出某国或某州。
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区别:

Banish   applies to forced departure from a country by official decree:  Banish  用于被政府法令强迫离开某国: 
was convicted of heresy and banished from the kingdom.被控为异端并被逐出王国。

Exile   specifies departure from one's own country, either involuntarily because of legal expulsion or voluntarily because of adverse circumstances: Exile  特指离开某人的祖国,或因遭到法律上的驱逐非自愿地离开或因形势不利而自愿地离开: 
When the government was overthrown, the royal family was exiled.政府被推翻后,皇室遭到驱逐。

Expatriate   pertains to departure that is sometimes forced but often voluntary and may imply change of citizenship: Expatriate  有时用于被迫的离开,但常常是自愿地离开并可能意味着国籍的改变: 
an immigrant whose citizenship was revoked and who was expatriated because he had concealed his criminal record.这位移民因为隐瞒了犯罪的事实被取消了国籍并被驱逐出境。

Deport   denotes the act of sending an alien abroad by governmental order: Deport  指由政府下令将某外国人驱逐出境的行为: 
was deported for entering the country illegally.由于非法入境而遭驱逐。

Transport   pertains to the sending abroad, usually to a penal colony, of one convicted of a crime: Transport  指将罪犯流放到劳役地: 
Offenders are no longer transported to Devil's Island.犯人们不再被流放到魔鬼岛去了。

Extradite   applies to the delivery of an accused or convicted person to the state or country having jurisdiction over him or her: Extradite  用于将被指控有罪的人交给对他或她有审判权的国家: 
The court refused to extradite political refugees. 法庭拒绝引渡政治避难者。 

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