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一个好的翻译必须熟练运用2种语言

(2007-11-08 13:01:20)
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文化

分类: 学习
  A good translator is by definition bilingual. The opposite is not necessarily true, however. A born and bred bilingual will still need two things to become a tranlator: first, the skills and experience necessary for translation; second, knowledge of the field in which he or she will translate. The skills and experience for translation include the ability to write well in the target language, the ability to read and understand the source language material thoroughly, and the ability to work with the latest word-processing and communication hardware and software.
  Does a born and bred bilingual make a better translator than someone who learned language B later in life? There is no definite answer, but the following issues are important. First, a born and bred bilingual often suffers from not truly knowing any language well enough to translate, with some even suffering from what is known as a lingualism, a state in which a person lacks a full, fluent command of any language. Second, born and bred bilinguals often don't know the culture of the target language well enough to provide top-quality translations, or can not recognize what aspects of the source language and its culture need to be treated with particular care, as they are in a sense too close to the language. And last, they often lack the analytical linguistic skills to work through a sticky text.
  On the other hand, the acquired bilingual may not have the same in-depth knowledge of colloquialisms, slang, and dialect that the born bilingual has. Also, the acquired bilingual will not be able to translate as readily in both directions (from B to language A and A to language B). Finally, born bilinguals often have a greater appreciation of the subtleties and nuances of both their languages than someone who learns their B language later in life can ever hope to have.

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