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(2018-01-03 10:37:09)





Selection Ⅰ Use of English


Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on

ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

Why do people read negative internet comments and do other things that will obviously be painful ?Because humans have an inherent need to  _1_uncertainty,according  to  a recent study in Psychological Science. The new research reveals that the need to know is so strong that people will _2_to satisfy their curiosity even when it is clear the answer will _3_.

In a series of four experiments, behavioral scientists at the University of  Chicago  and the Wisconsin School of Business tested students' willingness to _4_themselves to unpleasant stimuli in an effort to satisfy curiosity. For one _5_ each participant was shown a pile of pens that the researcher claimed were from a previous experiment. The twist? Half of the pens would _6_ an electric shock when clicked .

twenty-seven students were told which pens were electrified; another twenty-seven were told only that some were electrified_7_ left alone in the room,the students who did  not  know which ones would shock them clicked more pens and incurred more shocks than the students who knew what would _8_. subsequent experiments reproduced this effect with other stimuli, _9_the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard and photographs of disgusting insects.

The  drive  to  _10_is  deeply  rooted  in  humans, much  the same  as  the  basic  drives for

_11_or shelter, says Christopher He of the University of Chicago .Curiosity is often considered a good instinct-it can _12_new scientif ic advances,for instance-but sometimes such _13_ can backfire. the insight that curiosity can drive you to do _14_ things is a profound one.Unhealthy curiosity is  possible  to_15_, however. In a final exper iment,  participants who were encouraged to

_16_ how they would feel after viewing an unpleasant picture were less likely to _17_ to see such an image. These results suggest that imagining the _18_of following through on one's curiosity ahead of time can help determine _19_ it is  worth the endeavor.Thinking about long-term_20_is  key to reducing the possible negative effects of curiosity .He says.In other words,don’t read online comments.

1. A.resolve B.protect C.discuss D.ignore

2. A.refuse B.wait C.seek D.regret

3. A.rise B.last C.mislead D.hurt

4. A.alert B.tie C.expose D.treat

5. A.message B.trial C.review D.concept

6. A.remove B.weaken C.deliver D.interrupt

7.A.unless B.If C.Thoug D.When

8.A.happen B.continue C.disappear D.change

9.A. rather than B.such as C. regardless of D.owing to

10.A.disagree B.forgive C.forget D.discover

11.A.pay B.marriage C.food D.schooling

12.A.begin with B.rest on C.learn from D.lead to

13.A.withdrawal B.inquiry C.persistence D.diligence

14.A.self-destructive B.self-reliantc C.self-evident D.self-deceptive

15.A.resist B.define C.replace D.trace

16.A.predict B. overlook C.design D.conceal

l7..remember B.choos C.promise D.pretend

18.A.relief B.plan C.outcome D.duty

19.A.whether B.why C.where D.how

20.A.limitations B.investments C. strategies D.consequences

Selection Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

Part A


Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A,B,C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)

Text 1

It is curious that Stephen Koziatek feels almost as though he has to justify his efforts  to give his students a better future.

Mr.  Koziatek  is  part  of  something  pioneering.  he  is  a  teacher  at  a  New  Hampshire  high

school where  learning  is  not something  of  books  and  tests  and  mechanical  memorization, but

practical. 1 when did it become accepted wisdom that students should be able to name the 13th president of the United States but be utterly overwhelmed by a broken bike Chain?

As Koziatek knows there is learning in just about everything.  Nothing  is  necessarily gained by forcing students to learn geometry at a graffitied desk stuck with generations of discarded chewing gum. They can also learn geometry by assembling a bicycle.

But he's also found a kind  of insidious  prejudice.  Working with your hands is  seen as almost a mark of inferiority. Schools in the family of vocational education “have that stereotype..that it's

for kids who can't make it  academically,” he says. 2

On one hand, that viewpoint is a logical product of America’s elution. Manufacturing is not

the economic engine that it once was. The job security that the US economy once offered to high school graduates has largely evaporated. 3 More education is the new principle. We want more for our kids, and rightfully so.

But  the push into bachelor's degrees for all -and the subtle devaluing of anything


less-misses an important point: That's not the only thing the American economy needs. Yes, a bachelor's degree opens more doors. but even now, 54 percent of the jobs in the country are middle-skill jobs, such asconstruction and high-skill manufacturing. But only 44 percent of  workers are adequately trained.

In other words, at a time when the working class has turned the country on its political head, frustrated that the opportunity that once defined Amer ica is vanishing, one obvious solution is staring us in the face. There is a gap in working-class jobs, but the workers who need those jobs most aren't equipped to do them. Koziatek's Manchester School of Technology High School is trying to fill that gap .

Koziatek's school is a wake-up call. When education becomes one-size-fits-all, it risks overlooking a nations diversity of gifts.

21.A broken bike chain is  mentioned to show students' lack of .

A.mechanical memorization

B.academic training. C.

D. pioneering spirit.

22.There exists the prejudice that vocational education  is  for kids who .

A.are financially disadvantaged B.

C.have a stereotyped mind

D.have no career motivation

23.We can infer from Paragraph 5 that high school graduates .

A.are entitled to more educational privileges.

B.are reluctant to work in manufacturing.


D. used to have big financial concerns.

24.The headlong push into bachelor's  degrees for all .

A.helps create a lot of middle-skill jobs.

B.may narrow the gap in working-class jobs.

C.is expected to yield a better-trained workforce.

第六段, 轻率推进人人读大学, 低估非大学教育其实是错误, 得出大学教育被过高估计了.

25.The authors  attitude toward koziatek's school can be described as .





While fossil fuels - coal, oil, gas - still generate roughly 85 percent of the world's  energy supply, it's clearer than ever that the future belongs to renewable sources such as wind and solar. The move to renewable is picking up momentum around the world: They now account for more

than half of new power sources going on line.

Some  growth stems from  a commitment  by  governments  and farsighted  businesses  to fund

cleaner  energy sources. But  increasingly  the story is  about the plummeting  prices  of renewable,

especially wind and solar.  The cost of solar panels has by 80 percent and the cost of wind



In many parts of the world renewable energy is already a principal energy source. In Scotland, for example, wind turbines provide enough electricity to power 95 percent of homes.  While  the rest of the world takes the lead, notably China and Europe, the United States is also seeing a

remarkable shift. In March , for the first time, wind and solar power accounted for more than 10

President Trump has underlined fossil fuels - especially coal - as the path to economic growth. In a recent speech in lowa, he dismissed wind power as an unreliable energy source. But that message did  not play  well with many in  Iowa, where wind turbines  dot the fields  and provide  36

percent  of  the  state's  electricity  generation   -  and  where  tech  giants   like  Microsoft  are being

The question “what happens when the wind doesn't blow or the sun doesn't shine?” has provided a quick put-down for skeptics. But a boost in the storage capacity of batteries is making

The advance is driven in part by vehicle manufacturers, who are placing big bets on battery-powered electric vehicles. Although electric cars are still a rarity on roads  now,  this massive investment could change the picture rapidly in coming years.

While there's a long way to go, the trend lines for renewable are spiking. The pace of change in energy sources appears to be speeding up - perhaps just in time to have a meaningful effect in slowing climate change. What Washington does - or doesn’t do - to promote alternative energy

26.The word ''plummeting" (Line 3, Para. 2) is closest in meaning to  



D. rising

根据后面例子, 太阳能和风能费用降低,推出下降意思.

27.According to Paragraph 3, the use of renewable energy in America .

B.is as extensive as in Europe

C.faces many challenges

D.has proved to be impractical

美国现在可更新能源占发电量的 10%, 有了长足进展.

28.it  can be learned that in Iowa, .

B.wind energy has replaced fossil fuels

C.tech giants are investing in clean energy

D.there is a shortage of clean energy supply

第四段划线, 风能占了州发电量的 36%,高科技公司也用可更新能源给公司供电

29.Which of the following is true about clean energy according to Paragraphs 5 & 6?

A.Its application has boosted battery storage.

B.It is commonly used in car manufacturing.

D. Its sustainable exploitation will remain difficult.


30.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that renewable energy .

A.will bring the US closer to other countries

B.will accelerate global environmental change

D. is not competitive enough with regard to its cost



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