Selection Ⅰ Use of English
Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A，B，C or D on
ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
people read negative internet comments and do other things that
will obviously be painful ?Because humans have an inherent need to
In a series
of four experiments, behavioral scientists at the University of
students were told which pens were electrified; another
twenty-seven were told only that some were electrified_7_ left
alone in the room,the students who did
shelter, says Christopher He of the University of Chicago
.Curiosity is often considered a good instinct-it can _12_new
scientif ic advances,for instance-but sometimes such _13_ can
backfire. the insight that curiosity can drive you to do _14_
things is a profound one.Unhealthy curiosity is
they would feel after viewing an unpleasant picture were less
likely to _17_ to see such an image. These results suggest that
imagining the _18_of following through on one's curiosity ahead of
time can help determine _19_ it is
1. A.resolve B.protect C.discuss D.ignore
2. A.refuse B.wait C.seek D.regret
3. A.rise B.last C.mislead D.hurt
4. A.alert B.tie C.expose D.treat
5. A.message B.trial C.review D.concept
6. A.remove B.weaken C.deliver D.interrupt
7.A.unless B.If C.Thoug D.When
8.A.happen B.continue C.disappear D.change
9.A. rather than B.such as C. regardless of D.owing to
10.A.disagree B.forgive C.forget D.discover
11.A.pay B.marriage C.food D.schooling
12.A.begin with B.rest on C.learn from D.lead to
13.A.withdrawal B.inquiry C.persistence D.diligence
14.A.self-destructive B.self-reliantc C.self-evident D.self-deceptive
15.A.resist B.define C.replace D.trace
16.A.predict B. overlook C.design D.conceal
l7..remember B.choos C.promise D.pretend
18.A.relief B.plan C.outcome D.duty
19.A.whether B.why C.where D.how
20.A.limitations B.investments C. strategies D.consequences
Selection Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A，B，C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)
curious that Stephen Koziatek feels almost as though he has to
justify his efforts
practical. 1 when did it become accepted wisdom that students should be able to name the 13th president of the United States but be utterly overwhelmed by a broken bike Chain?
knows there is learning in just about everything.
also found a kind
who can't make it
On one hand, that viewpoint is a logical product of America’s elution. Manufacturing is not
the economic engine that it once was. The job security that the US economy once offered to high school graduates has largely evaporated. 3 More education is the new principle. We want more for our kids, and rightfully so.
an important point: That's not the only thing the American economy
needs. Yes, a bachelor's degree opens more doors. but even now, 54
percent of the jobs in the country are middle-skill jobs, such
asconstruction and high-skill manufacturing. But only 44 percent of
In other words, at a time when the working class has turned the country on its political head, frustrated that the opportunity that once defined Amer ica is vanishing, one obvious solution is staring us in the face. There is a gap in working-class jobs, but the workers who need those jobs most aren't equipped to do them. Koziatek's Manchester School of Technology High School is trying to fill that gap .
Koziatek's school is a wake-up call. When education becomes one-size-fits-all, it risks overlooking a nations diversity of gifts.
bike chain is
B.academic training. C.
D. pioneering spirit.
exists the prejudice that vocational education
A.are financially disadvantaged B.
C.have a stereotyped mind
D.have no career motivation
23.We can infer from Paragraph 5 that high school graduates .
A.are entitled to more educational privileges.
B.are reluctant to work in manufacturing.
D. used to have big financial concerns.
headlong push into bachelor's
A.helps create a lot of middle-skill jobs.
B.may narrow the gap in working-class jobs.
C.is expected to yield a better-trained workforce.
第六段, 轻率推进人人读大学, 低估非大学教育其实是错误, 得出大学教育被过高估计了.
fossil fuels - coal, oil, gas - still generate roughly 85 percent
of the world's
than half of new power sources going on line.
wind and solar.
parts of the world renewable energy is already a principal energy
source. In Scotland, for example, wind turbines provide enough
electricity to power 95 percent of homes.
remarkable shift. In March , for the first time, wind and solar power accounted for more than 10
Trump has underlined fossil fuels - especially coal - as the path
to economic growth. In a recent speech in lowa, he dismissed wind
power as an unreliable energy source. But that message did
The question “what happens when the wind doesn't blow or the sun doesn't shine?” has provided a quick put-down for skeptics. But a boost in the storage capacity of batteries is making
is driven in part by vehicle manufacturers, who are placing big
bets on battery-powered electric vehicles. Although electric cars
are still a rarity on roads
While there's a long way to go, the trend lines for renewable are spiking. The pace of change in energy sources appears to be speeding up - perhaps just in time to have a meaningful effect in slowing climate change. What Washington does - or doesn’t do - to promote alternative energy
''plummeting" (Line 3, Para. 2) is closest in meaning to
27.According to Paragraph 3, the use of renewable energy in America .
B.is as extensive as in Europe
C.faces many challenges
D.has proved to be impractical
美国现在可更新能源占发电量的 10%, 有了长足进展.
B.wind energy has replaced fossil fuels
C.tech giants are investing in clean energy
D.there is a shortage of clean energy supply
第四段划线, 风能占了州发电量的 36%,高科技公司也用可更新能源给公司供电
29.Which of the following is true about clean energy according to Paragraphs 5 & 6?
A.Its application has boosted battery storage.
B.It is commonly used in car manufacturing.
D. Its sustainable exploitation will remain difficult.
30.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that renewable energy .
A.will bring the US closer to other countries
B.will accelerate global environmental change
D. is not competitive enough with regard to its cost