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(2015-07-06 23:36)
HammertoeOverview
There are two different types. Flexible Hammer toes. These are less serious because they can be diagnosed and treated while still in the developmental stage. They are called flexible hammertoes because they are still moveable at the joint. Rigid Hammertoes. This variety is more developed and more serious than the flexible condition. Rigid hammertoes can be seen in patients with severe arthritis, for example, or in patients who wait too long to seek professional treatment. The tendons in a rigid hammertoe have become tight, and the joint misaligned and immobile, making surgery the usual course of treatment.

Causes
Hammertoes are a contracture of the toes as a resul
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Hammer ToeOverview
A Hammer Toe is a deformity of the second, third or fourth toes. In this condition, the toe is bent at the middle joint, so that it resembles a hammer. Initially, hammer toes are flexible and can be corrected with simple measures but, if left untreated, they can become fixed and require surgery. People with hammer toe may have corns or calluses on the top of the middle joint of the toe or on the tip of the toe. They may also feel pain in their toes or feet and have difficulty finding comfortable shoes.

Causes
Hammertoes are usually structural in nature. Many times this is the foot structure you were born with and other factors have now made it so that symptoms appear.
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Since calluses can hide a developing ulcer, it is vital that they be managed appropriately. Patients who develop calluses on pressure points need regular treatment and careful follow-up if ulceration is to be prevented. Ideally, calluses should only be removed by podiatrists who have been trained in the appropriate techniques. It is recommended that this procedure be repeated regularly. Patients should also be taught the danger signs that a callus is becoming pre-ulcerative such as speckles of blood within the callus which indicate an ulcer could be developing. Nov 08, 2010 By Kimberly Johnson Photo Caption Turn those dry calluses into baby soft skin. Photo Credit Goodshoot/Goodshoot/Getty Images Hammertoes can be painful and sometimes there may be no pain or discomfort. When there is pain, it can originate from a variety of areas. The pain and discomfort is usually caused by the patient's shoe wear. As the deformed toe rubs against the inside of the shoe, this causes pain along the to
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(2014-05-21 12:16)
Surgery is only performed if the conservative treatment fails to improve the patient symptoms (severe pain) and dysfunction of the joints. The patient should be referred to Podiatric feet and ankle surgeon. The outcome of the surgery may include the big toe may not be straight and the patient unable to fit into a smaller shoe. The most common surgical procedure are Mitchell‘s operation and Keller‘s operation. Mitchell’s operation is performed in younger people and adolescent. Mitchell’s operation involved performing osteotomy of the neck of the metatarsal bone and medial displacement of the metatarsal head.Keller’s operation is performed for elderly people. Flat feet are classified as flexible or rigid. A flexible flat foot (or pronated foot) has full range of motion in the midtarsal joints. The arch of the foot can be developed by dynamic input through the tibialis posterior. A rigid flat foot has a fixed deformity, and the flattening of the longitudinal arch is unchanged by dyna
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