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Input hypothesis: 语言输入说a hypothesis proposed by Krashen, which states that in second or foreign language learning, fro language Acquisition to occur, it is necessary for the learner to understand Input language which contains linguistic items that are slightly beyond the learners’ present linguistic Competence. Learners understand such language using cues in the situation. Eventually the ability to produce language is said to emerge naturally, and need not be taught direct

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Contrastive analysis: 对比分析 the comparison of the linguistic systems of two languages, for example the sound system or the grammatical system. Contrastive analysis was developed and practiced in the 1950s and 1960s, as an application of Structural Linguistics to language teaching, and is based on the following assumptions指把两种语言的体系进行比较,例如比较语音体系

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1.1  Introduction

Second Language Acquisition: 第二语言习得

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1.2 Language environment and the Critical Period Hypothesis语言环境和临界期假说

 

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1.1.1        An interactionist view of language acquisition互动主义者的语言习得观

 

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Language acquisition: refers to the child’s acquisition of his mother tongue, i.e. how the child comes to understand and speak the language of its community.语言习得是指儿童对其母语的习得,也就是儿童是如何逐渐理解和说其社区的语言的。

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(2006-12-11 11:49)

Changes in the phonology, morphology, syntax, lexicon and semantic components of the grammar. In other words, all parts of grammar may change.音位学,形态学,句法学,词汇和语法的语义构成成分均有变化,换句话说,语法的所有部分都可能发生变化。

1.1

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1.1  Principle of Conversation 会话原则

 

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     locutionary act,言内行为 illocutionary act

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(2006-12-11 11:42)
Context: that which occurs before and/or after a word, a phrase or even a longer utterance or a text. The context often helps in understanding the particular meaning of the word, phrase, etc.位于某个词、片
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