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置顶: (2009-04-11 00:18)
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杂谈

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His propositions fully demonstrate the nation's firm resolve and strong responsibility to work with the rest of the world to build a community with a shared future for mankind, said Yang Jiechi, a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, in an article published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship magazine of the CPC Central Committee, on Jan 1.

The pandemic has reminded the world that countries share a common destiny命运 and need to stand together in the face of the crisis, which has made it more important and imperative紧急的 to promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, said Yang, who is also director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the CPC Central Committee.

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In a telephone conversation with Xi last month, Bounnhang Vorachith, then general secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party Central Committee, said his country stands ready to join with China in implementing the action plan of the Laos-China community with a shared future and will strive for greater development of Laos-China relations.

When Xi visited the United Nations Office in Geneva on Jan 18, 2017, he delivered a keynote speech entitled Work Together to Build a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind. In the speech, he called for building an open, inclusive包括的, clean and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security and common prosperity to achieve shared and win-win development, and he explained how countries can build such a community.

In February 2017, the phrase was incorporated into a UN resolution for the first time by the 55th UN Commission for Social De

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创作

用通俗的语言,而非网络语言

读书周刊:您花了多长时间写作这本书?

刘统:说一年两年,可以;说十年八年,也可以。如果没有早年在山东大学、复旦大学跟着王仲荦、谭其骧两位老先生埋头做学问,没有在解放军军事科学院坐冷板凳读史料,我大概也写不出这么一本书。就像我之前写《战上海》,很多人问我,你不是上海人,你怎么对上海这段历史这么熟悉?其实我退休之后在上海待的十五六年里都没闲着。

读书周刊:《火种》中有没有用到一些新史料?

刘统:不仅使用了新史料,而且是大量使用了新史料。比如2018年才公开的很多关于五四新文化运动的史料,还有北京市档案馆新公开的一批史料。中共一大会址纪念馆组织翻译了一批来自日本情报机构的资料,我也用进去了。为什么一大才开,特务就来?看了日本情报机构的资料就明白了,马林受到了国际刑警的监视,他来到上海后的一举一动,都被监视了。

解放军军事科学院保存了很多独门的史料,

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刘统:第一次国共合作是共产国际促成的。中国共产党建立了,但是要发展成一个全国性的大党,不是短时期能办到的事情。共产国际需要中国革命运动尽快扩大发展,于是主动谋划共产党与国民党的合作。

1922年6月15日,陈炯明率部叛乱,让孙中山元气大伤。他总结失败的教训:依靠军阀干革命,终归是没有出路的。而陈独秀写文章、编杂志是好手,对于领导一个党却不在行。仅仅半年,建党的两位骨干李达和李汉俊就和他闹翻,相继离去。这样,国共合作的契机出现了。这不是单方的一厢情愿,而是双方的共同愿望。

1922年8月底,中共中央在杭州西湖召开特别会议,共产国际代表马林宣布中共党员以个人身份加入国民党的决定。在孙中山最艰难的时候,只有中共表示要与他合作,所以孙中山立即表态赞成中共党员加入国民党。1923年1月26日,苏俄使者越飞用英文在上海《大陆报》发表《孙文越飞联合宣言》。这个宣言是中国近代史上一份非常重要的文件,标志着苏联与孙中山的国民党结成联盟,双方关系进入了一个新阶段。没有这个宣言,就没有后来的联俄联共,就没有国共合作的大革命局面。

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启示

教训反衬正确道路得之不易

读书周刊:回溯这段寻路的历史,带给今天的我们怎样的启示?

刘统:最重要的启示就是方向和路线决定一切。大量的教训,反衬出正确道路得来是多么的不容易。

举个例子。要革命,首先要生存。如果连生存问题都解决不了,还革什么命?但就是这么简单的道理,都不是一开始就能让全党接受的。瞿秋白的临时中央盲目执行共产国际的命令,从1927年到1934年,让各地共产党在全国范围内发起了数百次武装暴动。结果呢?几乎全部失败了。暴动的条件具备不具备,有没有群众支持,暴动后到哪里去,国民党军队来了怎么应付?所有这些问题,共产国际都没指示,临时中央也不知道怎么办,只是在上海的洋房里下命令。结果造成成千上万的共产党员白白牺牲,各地党组织相继受挫。在此过程中,唯独毛泽东摸索出了一条自己的路,开辟井冈山革命根据地和保全了朱毛红军。毛泽东当时走的路,看起来很不正规,但在当时的历史条件下,却是唯一可行的办法。所以,毛泽东一直痛恨洋教条,注重实事求是,一

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By CAO DESHENG |CHINA DAILY |Updated: 2021-01-18

President Xi Jinping delivers a New Year speech on Dec 31, 2020 in Beijing to ring敲钟 in 2021. [Photo/Xinhua]  
Idea of building community with shared future for mankind wins global support

On Jan 18, 2017, President Xi Jinping explained his vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind in a speech at the Palace of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, as China's answer to the challenges and problems facing the world.

Since the COVID-19 pandemic started, Xi's vision has become increasingly significant and has been widely accepted worldwide as the international community responded to the unprecedented前所未有的 public health crisis while striv努力ing to promote socioeconomic development.

In a recent letter to Xi, Argentine President Alberto Fernandez said c

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Yet Biden takes office with one advantage he was not expecting even a few weeks ago: Full, if razor剃须刀 thin薄的, control of Congress.

Shock victories by Democrats in Georgia's two Senate run-off races this month mean Democrats will have slim majorities in both chamber议院s when he takes over.

This will also help Biden in getting confirmations of his cabinet内阁 picks.

Elephant in the room

The elephant in the room, however, is impeachment.

Trump was impeached by the House on Wednesday for 'incitement激励 of insurrection起义' by egging on煽动 a huge crowd of supporters to march against Congress on Jan 6.

The mob暴民 rampage暴跳d through the Capitol building, fighting with police and leaving lawmakers fearing for their lives. Five people died.

 

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The coronavirus pandemic continues to hit new peaks, the vaccination给,接种疫苗 program is stumbling绊脚, and there are fears the economic recovery from the crater坑ing of 2020 could backslide退步.

His proposal, dub把,称为bed the American Rescue Plan, will include a host of measures aimed at revitalizing使,新生 the world's largest economy.

Among those are raising the minimum wage to $15 an hour, aiding struggling state and local governments, safely reopening schools, rolling out铺开 a massive vaccination campaign, extending unemployment benefits and boosting the size of stimulus刺激物 checks Congress approved last month.

House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate参议院 Democratic leader Chuck Schumer said they would hit the ground running in order to ensure the plan's success.

Biden, who will be sworn in on Wednesda

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刘统:20世纪初的庚子赔款把中国拖入了灾难的深渊。帝国主义的侵略和清王朝的腐败,使得中国的仁人志士都想要推翻旧的王朝。于是就有了“愤青”和刺客,就有了革命党一次次的起义。今天看起来这些行动就像以卵击石。个人能有多大力量?能推翻一个拥有军队的政权?但这些革命者一腔热血,明知会牺牲,依然义无反顾。他们的牺牲唤起了更多人的响应,终于推翻了封建王朝,迎来了共和的民国。

但是,资产阶级革命者的软弱、内耗、涣散和其他种种,使他们无法组建一个坚强的政党,无力撑起一个共和国,政权又落到军阀手里。幻想破灭后,先进的知识分子去寻找新思想、新主义,于是开始了新文化运动。五四运动唤起了全民的爱国热情,一群革命青年脱颖而出,他们接受了马克思主义,懂得了联系群众,在共产国际的帮助下,建立了中国共产党。

读书周刊:中国共产党的成长,同样经历了幼年、青年和壮年,经历了一个从幼稚到成熟的过程。

刘统:是的。从理论宣传到工人运动,从国共合作到武装斗争,谁都没有经验,挫折和牺牲远多于胜利。在血与火的实

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2021年01月23日   06:读书周刊/读书   稿件来源:解放日报

《火种:寻找中国复兴之路》刘统著上海人民出版社

本报首席记者 顾学文

100年岁月如歌,风雷激荡;100年征帆高悬,乘风破浪;100年里,中国共产党团结带领全国各族人民,奏响了一曲气势磅礴的时代之歌,书写了砥砺奋进的壮丽篇章。

今年是中国共产党建党百年,我们特设“庆祝中国共产党成立100周年优秀图书”栏目,与大家一起,在文字中重温历史,在阅读中感受时代。

开栏第一本书——《火种:寻找中国复兴之路》(以下简称《火种》),是著名党史、军史专家刘统的新著。这是一部引人入胜的恢宏力作,回溯了一段震撼人心的寻路历史,展现了一幅星火燎原的革命画卷。

刘统曾先后师从史学大家王仲荦、谭其骧,他以古代史的方法研究党史,在档案资料里洞察历史的细节,回到现场去感受历史的余温。在接受本报专访时,他说:“我力求无一字无出处,真实反映

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