加载中…
个人资料
朗文国际学校
朗文国际学校
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:13,777
  • 关注人气:4
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
正文 字体大小:

中英文对照《威廉·莎士比亚》

(2019-03-06 16:25:55)
标签:

教育

中英文对照

简介

  1578年艾汶河畔的斯特拉福镇。有位男孩坐在书桌旁专心地学习,他认真听课、拼命看书。可他在想些什么呢?

  1587年伦敦。一位年轻人首次到伦敦谋生。他听着闹市的喧嚣声,看看伦敦塔雄伟的大墙,望着泰晤士河的淙淙流水。“静谧的泰晤士河,潺潺地流淌,直到我唱完心中的歌。”

  1601年伦敦。泰晤士河上的船夫对人群大声喊着:“快来,快来,快来呀!‘环球剧院’快挤满人啦!”2000多观众渡过河,前来观看莎士比亚的最新一部戏剧——《哈姆雷特》。

  这本讲述莎士比亚生平故事的书是由托比叙述的。托比不是一个真实的人物——或许莎士比亚也曾有过这样一位朋友,不过,我们无法确知。但是书中的其他人物历史上确有其人。他们非常熟悉这位演员、诗人兼剧作家莎士比亚。他们称他“莎士比亚缙绅”,都认为他是英国最杰出的诗人。他的朋友本·琼生曾这样写道:

  “他不属于一个时代,而是属于所有的时代。”

  本书作者詹妮弗·芭斯特是位资历很深的教师和作家。她生活在英国西南的德文郡。

  1 Toby remembers

  1 Toby remembers

  My name is TobyI'man old maneighty-three this springMyhouse is right in the middle of Stratford-upon-AvonandI can watch the street market from my windowButI live very quietly nowI'm just an oldmansitting in a chair

  I once knew the greatest man in EnglandForthirty years I was his friendI workedwith him in the theatrethrough the goodtimes and the bad timeHe was a goodfriend to meHe was also the bestplaywrightthe best poetthatever lived in EnglandWill Shakespearewas his name

  I saw all his plays in the theatrePeopleloved themThey shoutedlaughedand criedate orangesandcalled for moreAll kinds of peopleKingsQueensPrincesgreatlords and ladiespoor peopletheboys who held the horseseveryoneWillShakespeare could please them all

  He put me in a play onceWellheused my name-TobyTwelfth Night was theplayI rememberSirToby BelchHe was a big fat manwholiked drinking too much and having a good timeQueenElizabeth the First watched that play-on Twelfth Nightthe6th of January1601Sheliked ittoo

  Will's dead nowofcourseHe's been dead more than thirtyyearsand no one sees his plays nowThePuritans have closed all the theatresThere'sno singingno dancingnoplaysIt wasn't like that in my youngdaysWe had a good time in LondonWilland I

  I've no teeth nowandmy hair has all fallen outbut I canstill thinkand rememberIremember when Will and I were youngjustboys really

  1 托比的回忆

  我叫托比,一位年迈的老人,今年春天年过83岁。家住艾汶河畔斯特拉福镇中心,透过窗户,便可以望到街道的闹市。我的生活平和宁静,毕竟我已是一位要在轮椅上安度晚年的老头子了。

  我曾认识英国的一位最伟大的人物。我与他相交30年,同在剧团工作,也共同度过人生中欢乐与艰辛的岁月。他是我的好友,也是英国有史以来最优秀的剧作家,最杰出的诗人。他就是威尔·莎士比亚。

  我看过他所有上演的戏剧。这些戏剧颇受欢迎,也一度令观众狂喜大悲,不过他们都希望能看到他更多的戏剧。形形色色的人,上自国王、王后、王子和豪富名女,下至贫苦百姓和牵马的脚夫……所有的人,威尔·莎士比亚都能令他们开心欢娱。

  他曾将我写进剧本,剧中用了我的原名——托比。我记得剧名为《第十二夜》,剧中的托比·培尔契爵士又大又胖而且喜欢酗酒行乐。女王伊丽莎白一世于160116号观看了此剧——《第十二夜》,也很喜欢。

  当然威尔现在已不在人世,他过世都30多年了,如今没有人能看到他的戏。自从清教徒关闭了所有的剧院,就不再有歌声、舞蹈和戏剧了。如今的情形同我年轻时与威尔在伦敦度过的快乐时光相比已经大不一样了。

  现在虽然我一副老态,没有牙齿,头发也掉光了,但我还能思考——还能回忆,我记得威尔和我年轻的时候,还是孩子的时候……

  2 Stratford

  2 Stratford-upon-Avon

  It was a sunny day in October 1579 when I first met Willjustoutside Stratfordnear a big field ofapple treesI saw a boy up in one of thetreesHe had red hair and looked abouttwo years older than me

  What are you doing up there?’Icalled

  Just getting a few apples,’hesaidsmiling

  Those are Farmer Nash'sapplesI said,‘andhe'll send his dogs after you if he sees you.’

  Mr Nash has gone to market,’theboy said.‘Come onThey'regood apples.’

  The next minute I was up the tree with himButWill was wrongFarmer Nash wasn't at themarketand a few minutes later we sawhis angry red face above the wall on the far side of the field

  Will and I ran like the wind and only stopped when wereached the riverWe sat down to eat ourapples

  Will was fifteenandlived in Henley Streethe told meHisfather was John Shakespeareand he had asisterJoanandtwo younger brothersGilbert and RichardTherewas another sister who diedI learntlaterAnd the next year he had anotherbrotherlittle Edmundthebaby of the family

  Nowwhatabout you?’he asked

  There's only me and mysister,’I said.‘Myparents are deadand we live with mymother's brotherHe's a shoe-maker inEly Street and I work for himWhat doyou do?’

  I go to Mr Jenkins' schoolin Church Street,’Will said.‘Everydayfrom seven o'clock until fiveo'clockNot Sundaysofcourse.’

  I was sorry for him.‘Isn'tis boring?’I asked

  SometimesUsuallyit's all right.’He lay back and puthis hands behind his head.‘But we haveto read and learn all these Latin writersIwant to read modern writersand Eng-lishwriterslike Geoffrey ChaucerCanyou read?’he asked

  Of course I can read!’Isaid.‘I went to school.’

  Will sat up and began to eat another apple.‘Iwant to be a writer,’he said.‘ApoetI want that more than anything inthe world.’

  We were friends from that dayuntilthe day he diedWe met nearly every dayandhe taught me a lot about books and poetry and writersHealways had his nose in a book

  When Will left schoolheworked for his father in Henley StreetJohnShakespeare was a glove-makerand he hadother business toolike buying andselling sheepBut Will wasn't interested

  What are we going to doToby?’hesaid to me one day.‘We can't spend allour lives making shoes and gloves!’

  Well,’Isaid,‘we could run away to sea and besailorsSail round the worldlikeFrancis Drake

  Drake sailed back to Plymouth in 1581afterhis three-year journey round the worldbutwe were still in StratfordWe made lotsof plansbut nothing ever came of them

  Will was still reading a lot and he was already writingpoems himselfHe sometimes showed themto meand I said they were very goodIdidn't really know anything about poetry thenbuthe was my friend

  Will was not happy with his writing.‘I'vegot so much to learnToby,’hesaid.‘So much to learn.’

  Poor WillHe had alot to learn about womentooOneday in October 1582 he came to my house with a long face

  I'll never leave Stratford.’hesaid

  Why not?’Iasked.‘We'll get away one dayYou'llsee.’

  Perhaps you will,’hesaid,‘but I'm going to be married in afew weeks' timeTo Anne Hathaway.’

  My mouth fell open and stayed open.‘MarriedToAnne HathawayIs that the Hathaways overat Shottery?’

  Yes,’WillsaidI was working on some shoes on thetableand Will picked one up and lookedat it

  Wellershe'sa fine girlof course,’Isaid uncomfort-ably.‘ButbutWillshe'stwenty-six and you're only eighteen!’

  I know,’Willsaid.‘But I've got to marry her.’

  Oh no!’Isaid.‘You meanshe's…’

  That's right,’saidWill.‘In about six months' time I'mgoing to be a father.’

  2 艾汶河畔的斯特拉福镇

  我第一次遇见威尔是在157910月的一天。那天,阳光明媚,就在斯特拉福镇外一座大苹果园附近,我看见有棵苹果树上坐着一位小男孩,长着红棕色头发,看模样大概大我两岁。

  “你在上边干什么?”我叫道。

  “摘苹果。”他笑着答道。

  “那可是纳什农场主的苹果,”我说,“如果他发现了,就要放狗咬你的。”

  “纳什先生去集市了,”男孩说道,“来吧!苹果不错。”

  一会儿我也上了树。但是威尔错了,纳什先生并没去集市,几分钟后我们看见果园那端墙头露出一张气得发红的脸。

  威尔和我见势撒腿就跑,一口气跑到河边才坐下来吃苹果。

  威尔告诉我,他15岁,住在亨里街。家中有父亲约翰·莎士比亚,妹妹琼和两个弟弟,吉尔伯特和理查。我后来听说他另有一位姐姐死了。第二年他又添了一个弟弟——威尔家的赤子小埃德蒙。

  “那么你呢?”他问道。

  “家里只有我和姐姐,”我说,“父母死后我们住在舅舅家。他是埃利街的一个鞋匠,我为他打工。你现在干什么?”

  “我在教堂街詹金斯先生的学校就读,”威尔说,“每天从上午7点到下午5点上学,当然不包括星期天。”

  我真为他难过。“这难道不乏味吗?”我问道。

  “偶尔有这种感觉,不过通常觉得学校的生活也不错。”他仰身躺下,双手枕着头,“在学校,我们不得不学习所有那些拉丁作家的作品。可我只想阅读现代作家和英国作家的作品,比如杰弗利·乔叟。你会看书吗?”他问道。

  “当然会啦!”我说,“我上过学。”

  威尔坐起来又吃了一个苹果。“我想成为作家,”他继续说道,“诗人。世上再没有比这更令我神往的。”

  自那天起我们就成了莫逆之交,直到他过世。我们几乎每天见面,他教了我许多书本和文学上的知识。他总是埋头博览群书。

  威尔离开学校后就在亨里街帮助父亲料理生意。约翰·莎士比亚是一位手套工匠,同时经营其他生意,如羊的买卖生意。但威尔对做生意却不感兴趣。

  “托比,接下来你有何打算?”有一天他问我。“我们不能一辈子都做鞋和做手套吧!”

  “对呀,”我说,“我们跑到海上当海员会,像弗朗西斯·杜雷克一样环绕地球航行。”

  杜雷克在环绕地球航行三年后于1581年回到普利茅斯,可我们还是呆在斯特拉福镇。尽管也制定了种种计划,但始终未付诸行动。

  这段时间威尔依然博览群书并开始自己写诗,偶尔给我看他写的诗。虽然嘴上我都说他的诗写得好,实际上我对诗歌是一窍不通。只不过他是我的好友我才这么说而已。

  威尔对自己的诗歌并不满意。“托比,我要学的东西太多了。”他说,“实在太多了。”

  可怜的威尔。他还得学会了解每个人。158210月的一天他来到我的住处,神情沉郁。

  “我永远不能离开斯特拉福镇了。”他说。

  “为什么不能?”我问道,“总有一天我们会离开此地。你等着瞧。”

  “或许你还行,”他说,“但过几个星期我就要结婚了。同安·哈瑟维结婚。”

  一听此言我张着嘴愣了好久。“结婚。同安·哈瑟维结婚?你是说肖特雷邻乡哈瑟维家的女儿?”

  “没错,”威尔说。当时我在做鞋,威尔拿起桌上一支鞋,看看。

  “当然,嗯,她是个好姑娘,”我同情地说道,“不过……不过,威尔,她已经26岁了,你才18岁呀!”

  “我知道,”威尔说,“但是我非娶她不行。”

  “哦,不可能这样吧!”我说,“你是说,她已经……”

  “你猜对了,”威尔说道,“再过6个月我就要当爸爸了。”

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有