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中國著名畫家徐悲鴻Xu Beihong, a famous Chinese painter

(2015-11-27 20:52:49)
                                                       中國著名畫家徐悲鴻Xu <wbr>Beihong, <wbr>a <wbr>famous <wbr>Chinese <wbr>painter

    徐悲鴻(1895-1953年),現代畫家、美術教育家、中國近代美術之父。漢族,江蘇宜興人。曾留學法國學西畫,歸國後長期從事美術教育,先後任教于中央大學(49年更名南京大學)藝術系、北平大學藝術學院和北平藝專。1949年後任中央美術學院院長。擅長人物、走獸、花鳥,主張現實主義,于傳統尤推崇任伯年,強調國畫改革融入西畫技法,作畫主張光線、造型,講求對象的解剖結構、骨骼的准確把握,並強調作品的思想內涵,對當時中國畫壇影響甚大。所作國畫彩墨渾成,尤以奔馬享名于世。徐悲鴻,中國著名國畫家、油畫家,畫“馬”名家,是中國現代寫實主義藝術奠基人,其獨特個性的繪畫風格自成一派,一生熱愛中國繪畫與美術教育事業,是中國現代美術事業的奠基者之一,中國國畫改革先驅者,被譽爲“現代中國繪畫之父”。曾先後留日、法,遊曆西歐諸國,觀摹研究西方美術,是中國公派留學美術第一人。
    徐悲鴻出身貧寒,自幼隨父親徐達章學習詩文書畫。1912年17歲時便在宜興女子初級師範等學校任圖畫教員。1916年入上海複旦大學法文系半工半讀,並自學素描。1917年留學日本學習美術,不久回國,任北京大學畫法研究會導師,並兼職于孔德學院。1919年赴法國留學,考入巴黎國立美術學校學習油畫、素描,並遊曆西歐諸國,觀摩研究西方美術。1927年回國,先後任上海南國藝術學院美術系主任、中央大學(中央大學1949年更名爲南京大學)藝術系教授、北京大學藝術學院院長。1933年起,先後在法國、比利時、意大利、英國、德國、蘇聯舉辦中國美術展覽和個人畫展。抗日戰爭爆發後,在香港、新加坡、印度舉辦義賣畫展,宣傳支援抗日。後重返中央大學藝術系任教。中華人民共和國建立後,任中華全國美術工作者協會(現中國美術家協會)主席、中央美術學院院長等職,爲第一屆全國政協代表。徐悲鴻的作品熔古今中外技法于一爐,顯示了極高的藝術技巧和廣博的藝術修養,是古爲今用、洋爲中用的典範,在我國美術史上起到了承前啓後、繼往開來的巨大作用。他擅長素描、油畫、中國畫。他把西方藝術手法融入到中國畫中,創造了新穎而獨特的風格。他的素描和油畫則滲入了中國畫的筆墨韻味。他的創作題材廣泛,山水、花鳥、走獸、人物、曆史、神話,無不落筆有神,栩栩如生。他的代表作油畫《田橫五百士》、《徯我後》、中國畫《九方臯》、《愚公移山》等巨幅作品,充滿了愛國主義情懷和對勞動人民的同情,表現了人民群衆堅韌不拔的毅力和威武不屈的精神,表達了對民族危亡的憂憤和對光明解放的向往。他常畫的奔馬、雄獅、晨雞等,給人以生機和力量,表現了令人振奮的積極精神。尤其他的奔馬,更是馳譽世界,幾近成了“現代中國畫”的象征和標志。徐悲鴻長期致力于美術教育工作。他發現和團結了衆多的美術界著名人士。他培養的學生中人材輩出,成爲中國美術界的中堅骨幹,他對中國美術隊伍的建設和中國美術事業的發展作出的卓越貢獻,無與倫比,影響深遠。1953年9月26日,徐悲鴻因腦溢血病逝,享年58歲。按照徐悲鴻的願望,夫人廖靜文女士將他的作品1200余件,他一生節衣縮食收藏的唐、宋、元、明、清及近代著名書畫家的作品1200余件,圖書、畫冊、碑帖等1萬余件,全部捐獻給國家。次年,位于北京市西城區新街口北大街53號的徐悲鴻故居被辟爲徐悲鴻紀念館,集中保存展出其作品,周恩來總理親自題寫“悲鴻故居”扁額。
     Xu Beihong (1895-1953), the modern painter, art educator, the father of modern art in china. Han nationality, Yixing Jiangsu people. Had studied in France to study painting, after returning has long been engaged in art education, has taught at National Central University (49 years renamed Nanjing University Art Department, Peking University Institute of Arts and Beiping merchant. In 1949 he served as president of the China Central Academy of Fine Arts. Good at figures, animals, flowers and birds, advocated realism. In traditional especially respected Ren Bonian, emphasis on Reform of Chinese painting into the western painting techniques, painting stands for light, shape, emphasizes the object in the anatomical skeleton structure, accurate grasp, and emphasize the ideological content of the works, at the time of the Chinese painting influence greatly. The muddy color ink painting, especially enjoy the horses in the world. Xu Beihong, famous Chinese painters, artists, famous master in the painting of "horse" is China modern realism art founder, the unique style of painting into a pie, love life, the development of Chinese painting and art education is one of the founders of modern Chinese art career, Chinese painting reform pioneer, was known as "the father of modern Chinese painting". Has left Japan, Western Europe, travel, the concept of Western art is Chinese g study, students were sent to the first person of art.
     Xu Beihong was born in a poor family, his childhood with his father Xu Dazhang to learn poetry and calligraphy. In 1912 17 years old, she was in the Yixing women's primary school teachers and other school teachers. 1916 into the French Department of the Fudan University in Shanghai, a half work and a half, and self - study. 1917 study in Japan to learn art, soon to return, as a professor of painting research in Peking University, and part time at Kong De college. In 1919 went to France to study abroad, was admitted to the National School of art in Paris to learn painting, drawing, and traveled to the countries of Western Europe, to observe the study of Western art. In 1927 to return, he served successively as Shanghai Nanguo art academy head of the Department of fine arts, National Central University (National Central University in 1949 renamed Nanjing University Art Department Professor, Peking University, Dean of the College of art. Since 1933, has been in France, Belgium, Italy, the United Kingdom, Germany, the Soviet Union held the Chinese art exhibition and personal exhibition. After the outbreak of Anti Japanese War, held a charity exhibition in Hongkong, Singapore, India, to support the Anti Japanese propaganda. After returning to the Art Department of Centre College. After the establishment of the people's Republic of China, he served as chairman of the China National Association of Fine Arts (China Artists Association), and the president of China Central Academy of Fine Arts, for the first session of the CPPCC National committee. The works of Xu Beihong melt ancient and modern techniques in a furnace, showing the excellent skills and a wide range of artistic accomplishment, is an example of making the past serve the present and foreign things serve China, plays a great role of serving as a link between past and future in the history of Chinese art. He is good at drawing, oil painting, Chinese painting. He integrated the western artistic techniques in Chinese painting, creating a new and unique style. His drawings and paintings have been infiltrated by the Chinese paintings. His works cover a wide range of subjects, landscapes, flowers and birds, animals, characters, history, mythology, all to God, true to life likeness. On behalf of his oil painting "Tian Heng five hundred soldiers", the Xi I after the ", Chinese painting of the nine Rugao", "foolish old man" and so huge work, full of patriotic feelings and sympathy for the working people and the performance of people's indomitable perseverance and unyielding spirit, expressed to national peril the worried and indignant and yearning for the liberation of the light. He often painted horses, lions, morning chicken, give a person with vitality and strength, the positive spirit of exciting. Especially the horse, is famous in the world, almost as a "modern China painting" and symbol. Xu Beihong's long term commitment to art education. He found and unites many famous people in the art world. He trained the students in the talent comes forth in large numbers, become the Chinese art circle of the backbone of the backbone, his construction to the ranks of China's art and the Chinese art career development and make outstanding contributions, incomparable far-reaching influence. In September 26, 1953, Xu Beihong died due to cerebral hemorrhage, at the age of 58. In accordance with the wishes of Xu Beihong, lady Miss Liao Jingwen will his more than 1200 pieces of works, his life to live frugally collection of Tang, song, yuan, Ming and Qing and modern home of famous painting and calligraphy works of more than 1200 pieces, more than 10000 books, catalogs, rubbing from a stone inscription and donated to the state. Next year, is located in Beijing Xicheng District Xinjiekou Beidajie, Xu Beihong's residence was the provision of Xu Beihong Memorial, focuses on the preservation of the works exhibited, Premier Zhou Enlai personally inscribed "Beihong residence flat forehead.

中國著名畫家徐悲鴻Xu <wbr>Beihong, <wbr>a <wbr>famous <wbr>Chinese <wbr>painter

中國著名畫家徐悲鴻Xu <wbr>Beihong, <wbr>a <wbr>famous <wbr>Chinese <wbr>painter

中國著名畫家徐悲鴻Xu <wbr>Beihong, <wbr>a <wbr>famous <wbr>Chinese <wbr>painter

               中國著名畫家徐悲鴻Xu <wbr>Beihong, <wbr>a <wbr>famous <wbr>Chinese <wbr>painter

中國著名畫家徐悲鴻Xu <wbr>Beihong, <wbr>a <wbr>famous <wbr>Chinese <wbr>painter
 
中國著名畫家徐悲鴻Xu <wbr>Beihong, <wbr>a <wbr>famous <wbr>Chinese <wbr>painter

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