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中國著名畫家齊白石QiBaishi,afamousChinesepainter

(2015-11-27 20:34:31)

中國著名畫家齊白石QiBaishi,afamousChinesepainter


    齊白石,1864年(清同治三年癸亥冬月廿二)出生于湘潭縣白石鋪杏子塢,1957年9月16日(丁酉年八月廿三)病逝于北京,終年93歲。他宗族派名純芝,小名阿芝,名璜,字渭清,號蘭亭、瀕生,別號白石山人,遂以齊白石名行世;並有齊大、木人、木居士、紅豆生、星塘老屋後人、借山翁、借山吟館主者、寄園、萍翁、寄萍堂主人、龍山社長、三百石印富翁、百樹梨花主人等大量筆名與自號。齊白石出身貧寒,做過農活,曾居住于湖南省漣源市楊市鎮。1877年,跟隨叔祖父學過木匠,次年改學雕花木工,從民間畫工入手,曾習古人真迹,摹《芥子園畫傳》並據以作雕花新樣。他學詩文書法,遊山川名勝,作幕僚寓客,終于成了詩、書、印、畫全人神品的千古偉人;他將中國畫的精神與時代的精神統一得完美無瑕,使中國畫得到國際的重視;他樸實謙虛、自信自強的精神,使他的作品剛柔兼濟,工書俱佳,不愧爲人民的藝術家。在他的筆下,大凡花鳥蟲魚、山水、人物無一不精,無一不新,爲現代中國繪畫史創造了一個質樸清新的藝術世界。
    齊白石成功的以經典的筆墨意趣傳達了中國畫的現代藝術精神,深深得益于經典樣式而又善于出新,故而他的畫能夠直接的感動人心,向天下衆生傳達生命的智慧和生活的哲理。他的山水畫表達他對自己藝術創新的自信與深刻體悟,他的人物畫長于傳神達情,他的書法簡約大方、雄健渾厚的筆意融入人物畫中,完善了人物內在的神情的表達。齊白石主張藝術“妙在似與不似之間”衰年變法,繪畫師法徐渭、朱耷、石濤、吳昌碩等,形成獨特的大寫意國畫風格,開紅花墨葉一派,尤以瓜果菜蔬花鳥蟲魚爲工絕,兼及人物、山水,名重一時,與吳昌碩共享“南吳北齊”之譽。他的繪畫,以其純樸的民間藝術風格與傳統的文人畫風相融合,達到了中國現代花鳥畫最高峰。齊白石的畫,反對不切實際的空想,他經常注意花、鳥、蟲、魚的特點,揣摩它們的精神。他曾說:爲萬蟲寫照,爲百鳥張神,要自己畫出自己的面目。
    Qi Baishi, 1864 (Tongzhi three years Guihai winter 22) was born in Xiangtan County stone shop Wu apricots, 1957 September 16 (Ding Younian August 23) died of illness in Beijing, died at the age of 93. His clan name pure sesame, nicknamed the Aztecs, Huang, Wei Zi Qing, Lanting, brink of health, alias Baishishan, then submitted a Qi Baishi in the name of the world; and Da Qi, wooden, wooden Buddhist, red bean, Xing Tang Lao Wu descendants, borrow Weng Shan, Shan Yin main hall, sends the garden, Ping Weng, send a ping hall owner, Longshan president, three hundred lithographs millionaire, hundreds of trees pear to wait for the host to a large number of pseudonyms and since the number. Qi Baishi was born in a poor family, doing farm work, had been living in the town of Lianyuan city of Hunan province yang. In 1877, follow my uncle learned carpenter, replaced the following year to learn carpentry carved, starting from the folk painters, had to learn the ancients authentic, og the mustard seed garden painting "and to make a new kind of carved. He studied poetry and calligraphy, tour scenic mountains, staff apartments, and finally became the poetry, books, printing, painting kamijina man through the ages; he will be the spirit of Chinese painting with the spirit of the times the unified flawless, the Chinese painting by the international attention; he simple and modest, self-confidence, self-reliance spirit, his works of rigid flexible and economic, superb book, deserves to be for people's artist. In his pen generally, flower and bird insects, fish, landscapes and figure fine, a new, creating a pristine world of art for the modern history of Chinese painting.
 
     中國著名畫家齊白石QiBaishi,afamousChinesepainter

中國著名畫家齊白石QiBaishi,afamousChinesepainter

中國著名畫家齊白石QiBaishi,afamousChinesepainter

 

中國著名畫家齊白石QiBaishi,afamousChinesepainter

中國著名畫家齊白石QiBaishi,afamousChinesepainter

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