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【糖尿病患者碰都不该碰的食物】

(2016-10-12 14:53:27)
分类: 英语分级阅读
【糖尿病患者碰都不该碰的食物】

“Diabetes【1】 is all about carbs,” Deborah Malkoff-Cohen, registered dietitian【2】 and certified【3】 diabetes educator, says. No medical prescription【4】can fix a bad diet. The condition requires daily maintenance – monitoring blood sugar levels, eating healthy and exercising are crucial. Managing your weight is a lot more serious than simply looking and feeling good. Watching your diet can be a matter of life and death.

“糖尿病就是关于糖的问题,”注册营养师和持证糖尿病教育者德博拉•麦考夫•科恩说道。任何药物处方都不能治疗不好的饮食习惯。糖尿病患者需要日常维护——检测血糖、吃的健康和锻炼都很重要。管控体重比看上去好、感觉好要重要得多。管好自己的饮食有关生死。

“Some may be sugar-free but they are not carbs-free,” Malkoff-Cohen says. They are still made with flour and have processed carbs that will increase your blood sugar levels. White or wheat flours are basically the same as far as diabetics are concerned, she adds. They will still raise your blood sugar levels. “Almond flour is better because it has more protein and is made of almond, not grain,” she says.

“有些可能不含糖,但却都含有碳水化合物,” 麦考夫•科恩说道。这些食物仍然是由面粉制成的,含有加工过的碳水化合物,会使血糖升高。对于糖尿病患者而言,白面粉和小麦面粉都是一样不可食用的,她补充说道。这些面粉也会使血糖升高。“杏仁面粉会好一些,因为蛋白质含量更高,而且这是由杏仁不是谷物制成的,”她说道。

They usually have too much salt. “This is bad for your kidneys,” Malkoff-Cohen says. “In diabetic patients, the walls of the blood vessels【5】 in the kidneys are damaged and salt only makes things worse.” It leads to high blood pressure, which will kill the kidneys slowly, she adds. Their function is reduced and they cannot clean the body properly. “One the kidneys go, and then it’s dialysis,” she says.

通常这些食物含有太多的盐分。“这对肾不好,” 麦考夫•科恩说道。“对于糖尿病患者而言,他们肾脏的血管壁本身就已损坏,而盐的摄入只会使情况更糟。”这会导致高血压,慢慢的会使肾脏坏死,她补充说道。肾功能会削减,从而不能有效的清理身体内部。“如果一个肾坏死,那就需要做渗析了,”她说道。

“Simple carbs are sugar,” Malkoff-Cohen says. These low-quality carbs are broken down quickly and turn into sugar in the body right away. Avoid processed and refined sugars such as candy, table sugar, syrups【6】, and soft drinks because they provide no vitamins, minerals or fiber【7】.

“简单的碳水化合物就是糖,” 麦考夫•科恩说道。这些低质量的碳水化合物会很快分解,然后立马在体内转为糖分。不要吃加工精制的糖,例如糖果、蔗糖、糖浆和软饮料,因为这些糖不含维他命、矿物质和纤维素。

These sugary starchy vegetables should be avoided, Malkoff-Cohen says. They contain more carbohydrates【8】. “Even though they have complex carbs, which are better for you, they don’t have enough protein to balance out the carbs,” Malkoff-Cohen says. “You can always have more protein, but never more carbs.”

应该避免摄入这些含糖的淀粉蔬菜,麦考夫•科恩说道。这些蔬菜含有更多的碳水化合物。“尽管这些蔬菜含有对人体好的复杂碳水化合物,但是却不含有足够的蛋白质来均衡碳水化合物,” 麦考夫•科恩说道。“摄入多一点的蛋白质没什么问题,但可千万别摄入太多的碳水化合物。”

Granola is not recommended because it’s processed; it has carbs and a lot of sugar – triple bomb. You are better off eating oatmeal, high-fiber cereal or a protein bar, Malkoff-Cohen says. Just be careful that they don’t have a lot of sugar either. Read the label carefully.

由于格兰诺拉燕麦卷是加工过的,所以也不推荐;它还含有碳水化合物和大量的糖——这可是三重危害啊。最好还是吃燕麦、高纤维的谷物或者蛋白棒,麦考夫•科恩说道。但要仔细阅读标签哦,不要选那些糖分多的就行了。


【1】 diabetes
n.糖尿病
参考例句:
In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar. 对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body. 糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
【2】 dietitian
n.营养学家
参考例句:
You can seek the advice of a nutritionist or dietitian. 你可以征求营养师或饮食专家的意见。
I have no doubt she would make a good dietitian. 毫无疑问她会成为优秀的营养学家。
【3】certified
a.经证明合格的;具有证明文件的
参考例句:
Doctors certified him as insane. 医生证明他精神失常。
The planes were certified airworthy. 飞机被证明适于航行。
【4】 prescription
n.处方,开药;指示,规定
参考例句:
The physician made a prescription against sea-sickness for him. 医生给他开了个治晕船的药方。
The drug is available on prescription only. 这种药只能凭处方购买。
【5】 vessels
n.血管( vessel的名词复数 );船;容器;(具有特殊品质或接受特殊品质的)人
参考例句:
The river is navigable by vessels of up to 90 tons. 90 吨以下的船只可以从这条河通过。 
All modern vessels of any size are fitted with radar installations. 所有现代化船只都有雷达装置。 
【6】syrups
n.糖浆,糖汁( syrup的名词复数 );糖浆类药品
参考例句:
A variety of cocktails were created all using Monin syrups and purees. 我们用莫林糖浆和果泥创作了许多鸡尾酒。 
Other applications include fruit juices, flavors, and sugar syrups. 其它的应用包括水果汁、香精和糖浆。
【7】 fiber
n.纤维,纤维质
参考例句:
The basic structural unit of yarn is the fiber. 纤维是纱的基本结构单元。
The material must be free of fiber clumps. 这种材料必须无纤维块。
【8】carbohydrates
n.碳水化合物,糖类( carbohydrate的名词复数 );淀粉质或糖类食物
参考例句:
The plant uses the carbohydrates to make cellulose. 植物用碳水化合物制造纤维素。
All carbohydrates originate from plants. 所有的碳水化合物均来自植物。

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