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高考英语主旨判断技巧:区分表述的主体和背后的规律

(2021-02-28 18:58:26)
分类: 儿子成长记录

看学而思讲的一个主旨判断题,觉得挺有意思。我觉得是区分表述的主体,以及背后的规律。翻译成汉语,大概这么3段:

1、很多学生周一早上9点上课起不来,犯困,是因为这些学生调整睡眠周期困难。

2、每个人都有生物钟。不少青少年生物钟被推延了。这种推延叫夜猫子。

3、这种和早起的鸟儿相对,研究表明,夜猫子晚上工作更好。

如果看决定性规律,那么生物钟是背后决定原因,关键因素。

然而关键因素,并不是表达主体,表达主体,这三段每段都提到夜猫子。那么主旨是夜猫子现象。

夜猫子现象背后的原因是生物钟推迟,但是问主旨,实际是问文章讲什么。讲的是夜猫子。而夜猫子的原因只是讲野猫的一部分。不能成为主旨。

!!! 所以,学而思老师说,看这三段都讲啥,是比较关键的。

这里也可以看出:这个主旨判断其实和英语无关,是语文问题。

 

2014年四川卷D篇】难度指数:

    With around 100 students scheduled to be in that 9 am Monday morning lecture, it is no surprise that almost 20 people actually make it to the class and only 10 of them are still awake after the first 15 minutes; it is not even a surprise that most of them are still in their pyjamas (睡衣). Obviously, students are terrible at adjusting their sleep cycles to their daily schedule.

 

    All human beings possess a body clock. Along with other alerting (警报) systems, this governs the sleep/wake cycle and is therefore one of the main

processes which govern sleep behaviour. Typically, the preferred sleep/wake cycle is delayed in adolescents, which leads to many students not feeling sleepy until much later in the evenings. This typical sleep pattern is usually referred to as the "night owl" schedule.

 

    This is opposed to the "early bird" schedule, and is a kind of disorder where the individual tends to stay up much past midnight. Such a person has great difficulty in waking up in the mornings. Research suggests that night owls feel most alert and function best in the evenings and at night.

 

46. What docs the text mainly talk about?

A. Functions of the body clock.

B. The "night owl" phenomenon.

C. Human beings' sleep behaviour.

D. The school schedule of "early birds".

 

 

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