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5-12 国难专题(汶川地震)

(2012-05-17 00:50:28)
标签:

杂谈

录音下载链接:http://www.tudou.com/programs/view/Btj8thKT0ic/

大耳朵实用口语班上课笔记
2012.5.12   10:00-12:00 龙樱老师  助教Taren/Jenny
今日主题:5-12 国难专题(汶川地震)


John: Did you feel that?

【feel】课外拓展:
1.触摸 I felt his heart, but it was not beating any more.
         我朝他心脏部位触摸了一下,但已经不在跳动了

2.不知不觉 I felt myself becoming scared.
           不知不觉中我感到害怕了

3.信念 I feel certain that it will all turn out well.
        我有一种信念不知不觉中会好的

4. Could we take a walk? I feel like going out to release my pressure.
        我们可以走一走吗? 我真的需要出去趟来缓一下

5.感觉 The disaster area has a heartbreaking feel.
        灾区有一个令人心碎的感觉

6.摸索 I felt my way out of the building.
        我在摸索着可以从这个大楼走出去的路

7.情绪上的影响 She still feels the loss of her husband.
        她仍然觉得失去了她的丈夫。

【Feel】 课外拓展:
1. You look like you feel blue. What's wrong? feel blue 忧郁 忧伤
   你看起来很伤心,到底发生什么事情了?

2. After the earthquake destroyed our factories, we really started to feel the Pinch. 当地震破坏了我们的工厂后,我们感觉到经济上带给我们的困难              
feel the pinch(捉襟见肘)

3. Even after the earthquake, he still feels like a million dollars, because he believes that there are no such setbacks that cannot be overcome.
   尽管地震过后, 他仍然觉得信心十足, 因为他认为没有什么挫折是不可以客服的  feels like a million dollars -信心十足

4. There will be an earthquake soon. I can feel it in my bones.
   我有一种感觉,我能感觉的到
   feel it in my bones(第六感)

5. Feel free to live here as long as you want.
  (当做是自己的家,你想住多久就住多久)

Keisha: Was that an earthquake?
那是地震吗?

John: Yes, I think so. Turn on the news.
    我也这么认为,打开电视吧。

Newscaster: “Reports are coming in about an earthquake that occurred at 2:28 p.m. in the WenChuan area. We spoke with a seismologist at the Earthquake Center and learned that the earthquake had a magnitude of 8.0 on the Richter scale. The epicenter was near YingXiu, along one of the major faults, and the seismologist warns that there will be some aftershocks.”

Temblor = seism= earthquake n. 地震 (similar word )
seismologist 地震学家

Newscaster: “Reports are coming in about an earthquake that occurred at 2:28 p.m. in the WenChuan area.
(记着报道“在汶川下午2:08发生了地震) richter(里氏震级)

【magnitude】课外拓展
1.magnitude(震级)The SiChuan earthquake of 2008 had a magnitude of 8.0.
                    2008年的四川地震等级是8.0级

2.magnitude(坏的影响度) The Chinese government was shocked by the magnitude of the disaster.
          中国政府都很震惊这场地震的强度。

3. The Sichuan Earthquake was not on the same order of magnitude comparing to other disasters China had experienced that year.
          四川大地震是不相同于其他中国灾害曾经历过的那一年

4. Driving a truck of this magnitude into the disaster area will be very difficult.
          开一个庞大的卡车进入灾区是非常难的事
          a truck of this magnitude 重型卡车(huge enormous 大量的 庞大的)

Richter scale 0-10+(里氏震级)
0-2 Micro earthquakes 微小地震 Continual

2.0- 2.9 generally not felt, but recorded 一般人感觉不到,但仪器能测试到

3.0- 3.9 often felt, but rarely causes damage. 有震感,但很少损失

4.0- 4.9 Noticeable shaking of indoor items, rattling noises. Significant damage unlikely.室内的物品晃动,有噪声,但不会有严重的损害性。  13,000 per year (est.) 估           计一年发生13000次
      
5.0- 5.9 can cause major damage to poorly constructed buildings over small      小型地震 regions. At most slight damage to well-designed buildings.
         会导致巨大的损害在简陋的小区域。在大多数设计良好的建筑上轻度受损。
         1,319 per year 估值 每年发生1319次

6.0- 6.9 Can be destructive in areas up to about 160 kilometers (99 mi) across 强烈地震 in populated areas.
         134 per year 每年发生134次

7.0- 7.9 can cause serious damage over larger areas.
major    可以在更大的区域造成严重伤害
         15 per year 每年发生15次

8.0- 8.9 can cause serious damage in areas several hundred kilometres across.
         能造成非常严重的损伤在方圆一百里
         1 per year 每年发生一次

9.0- 9.9 devastating in areas several thousand kilometres across.
Devastating 毁灭性的数千公里的地区跨。
         1 per 10 years (est.) 1/10 10年发生一次

10.0- 10+ never recorded widespread devastation across very large areas.
Massive   Extremely rare (Unknown/May not be possible) 极其罕见

【epicenter】课外扩展
The epicenter was near YingXiu, along one of the major faults, and the seismologist warns that there will be some aftershocks.”
映秀震中,沿着一个主要的断层,地震学家警告说,将会有一些余震。

Epicenter 中心,风头浪尖的位置
China stood at the epicenter of the international crisis.
  中国站在国际金融危机的前面。

【Fault】课外扩展
1.过错 The earthquake is no one's fault.
        这次地震不是任何一个人的错误)

2.找茬 You cannot fault him, because he did a perfect job of rescuing people in this area.
  你不能在他身上找茬,他已经在救人方面很完美了

5.发球失误 "Fault!" The judge yelled out.裁判喊道 发球失误

6. He rescued ten people during the earthquake, and put himself in life-threatening situations many times. Many people close to him believed that he was selfless to fault. 他在地震中多少次生命危险的情况下营救了10个人,人们觉得他“无私过头了”
selfless to fault 无私“过头”

Keisha: OMG! This is a high-intensity one. I wish they could predict more accurately when those earthquakes are going to happen.
         predict 预测      high-intensity 高强度

【intense/ intensity】课外拓展
1.        强度 He was sweating from the intense running.因为跑得太快了所以流汗了

2.紧急 The military is involved in intense activity as they are rescuing victims.
军队争分夺秒的紧急救人
       intense activity 紧锣密鼓

3.深邃 He gazed at me with those intense eyes."Are you really feeling OK, my son?"  
       他目光深邃的注视着我“我的儿子,你感觉还好吧.
gaze at凝视,注视       intense eyes 目光深邃

4.激动 His intensity and the ferocity of his feelings scared me.
        他强烈的感情和情绪吓到我了)

John: Yeah, me, too. I’ve looked around the house and it appears to me that the house had been badly damaged. I'm not sure if it would be considered as a disaster area though.

【damage】课外拓展

1.        毁灭 The earthquake damaged our house. 地震把我们的家给摧毁了。

2.损害Those who pocket public funding for rebuilding the disaster area really
damaged our reputation as a nation.
   这些公款本为灾区重建家园的,但却被人私吞了, 这非常损害国家名声。
   reputation 名声

3. Once the damage is done, the traumatic experience can't be erased.
  事已至此,无可挽回。
  traumatic 创伤
4.损伤 What's the damage? 55,239 casualties, and 281,066 wounded, and 24,949 missing.
        损伤有多少? 55239名人死亡,281066名员受伤,24949下落不明

        What's the damage?
(也可以说为, 多少钱的意思? 比如你去付账,付钱等于要损失多少钱)
      

John: Yeah, me, too. I’ve looked around the house and it appears to me that the house had been badly damaged. I'm not sure if it would be considered as a disaster area though.

I'm not sure if it would be considered as a disaster area though.
我不确定这边会被算是灾区.

Keisha: Considering the mess you’ve made in kitchen, it could easily be called a disaster area.

【disaster】课外拓展
1.灾难 Many had lost all in the disaster and were destitute.
       很多人在灾难中变得一无所有了.

2.灾害 The earthquake itself will be a recipe for more disasters.
       地震本身会导致更多灾难.

3.灾难 What we're witnessing here is a disaster in the making.
       我们现在在见证灾难发生的过程.

【mess】课外拓展
The kitchen is mess as a result of the earthquake.
地震导致厨房一团乱.

My life is now a mess because of the earthquake.
我的人生因地震而毁了.

You can get out of this mess by going to another city and find a job there.
你能到新的城市去,找份工作,脱离这困境.

Don't mess around. You need to stand back up and be yourself.
别浪费时间了.你要振作起来!

This is really a hell of a mess you've gotten us into.
你让我们进入这种绝境了!

Don't mess the unfortunate people over.
别欺负那些不幸的人.

John: In that case, will you be sending aid? I think I’m too tired to do the dishes.
如果是这样子的话,你还好对我伸出援手么? 我会太累了去洗碗的话.
Aid: 援助  帮助

【dish】课外拓展
1.        All the dishes were smashed into pieces during the earthquake.
地震时,所有的碗碟都摔碎了.

2.        Even my favorite dish doesn't taste the same any more.
我最爱的菜肴也食不知味了.

3.        Let's sit down, have a drink, and dish the dirt.
我们坐下,喝点东西,八卦一下.
Dish the dirt  闲聊一下 八卦一下

4.        I don't mind waiting to get revenge on Greg; I'll wait ten years if I have to。Revenge is a dish best served cold.
我不在乎为了报复而等待,我可以为了报复等上十年. 复仇是越长期最后越会成功.

Keisha: You won’t be getting any aid from me. If you’re hoping for a relief effort, you’d better ask the the people's Liberation Army.

【relief】课外拓展
1.减轻 Volunteers can help out in the disaster area to relief the effort of local army.
       志愿者帮助灾区减轻当地军方的压力.

2.松口气 I breathed a sigh of relief.
         我如释重负般的舒了口气

3.救援 Relief agencies are stepping up efforts to provide food, shelter and agricultural equipment.
        资源组织正努力提高的去提供食物,避难所,和农业工具。

课外小问题

        Have you ever experienced an earthquake?
        Were you frightened the first time you experience an earthquake?

        What happens during an earthquake?

        Where is the best place to go during an earthquake?

        How can you prepare for a possible earthquake?

        Do you have anything that you want to say to those who are still suffering from the loss of the earthquake?

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