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Greek epic poems -- 希腊史诗

(2012-06-14 17:16:07)
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童步少儿英语教材    节选自The Book of Knowledge    翻译并改编:京John酱

 

Greek epic poems

希腊史诗


The most famous greek epic poems are the Iliad and the Odyssey. Some historians think these were written by a blind man called Homer around 750 BC. Others think they were composed gradually in the oral tradition by several poets.

最著名的希腊史诗是《伊利亚特》和《奥德赛》,一些历史学家认为这两部神话是由一个叫荷马的盲人在公元前750撰写的。不过也有学者认为这两部史诗是由多个诗人将口头流传很久的故事慢慢搜集整理出来的。

 

Greek <wbr>epic <wbr>poems <wbr>-- <wbr>希腊史诗

A replica of the wooden horse in Turkey
土耳其的木马仿制品

 

The Illiad --《伊利亚特》

 

The Illiad tells the story of a ten-year war between the ancient Greeks and the Trojans. The Trojan War ended when Greek warriors secretly entered the city of Troy by hiding inside a huge wooden horse.

《伊里亚特》讲述的是古代希腊和特洛伊之间长达10年的战争。特洛伊战争以希腊军队藏身于一个巨大的木马潜入特洛伊城(赢得战争)而结束。

 

Achilles' heel
阿基利斯的脚后跟(致命弱点、薄弱环节)

 

The greatest Greek warrior in the Illiad is Achilles. He was protected by the divine armour - except for a small spot on his heel, which is where he finally received his death wound.

《伊里亚特》中最伟大的希腊战士是阿基利斯。阿基利斯除了他的脚后跟之外,都有神甲护身,不过正是脚后跟最后让他受到了致命伤。

 

The Odyssey--《奥德赛》

 

 

The Odyssey is an adventure story that follows the Greek hero Odysseus, after the Trojan War, on his long and difficult sea voyage home.

《奥德赛》追踪记录了特洛伊战争后,希腊英雄奥德修斯从海上返回家乡而经历的漫长而艰难的历程。

 

Odysseus and his men have to face many magical dangers on their journey, including monsters and giants.

奥德修斯和他的士兵一路遭遇很多危难,包括野兽和巨人。

 

By the time Odysseus finally reaches his palace in Ithaca, he has been away for 20 years. Disguised as a beggar, only his faithful dog recognizes and greets him, and his dog then dies content.

当他终于回到他在伊萨卡岛的王宫时,距离他离开家乡已经有20年之久。这时的他像一个乞丐,只有他的忠实的狗认出他欢迎他,他的狗见到主人回来后就安详的死去了。

 

 

 

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