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(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”

(2015-03-09 14:07:29)
标签:

科里奥利力

暗物质

质点

科里奥利

向心力

 

“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”

"The Coriolis force" and "Dark matter"

 

 

杨明昆1,王严学2,杨昭国3

Email:ygyzg@126.com

 

Mingkun Yang 1,Yanxue Wang 2,Zhaoguo Yang 3

Email:ygyzg@126.com

 

摘要

“旋转体系”上的“科里奥利力”与离心力一样,都不是在惯性系中真实存在的力,而是惯性作用在非惯性系内的体现。对于“逃离质量中心的质点”来说,“科里奥利力”起到的是“向心力”的作用,——产生了“暗物质效应”:产生这个“向心力”的“实体物质质量”是“不存在”的、“没有”的——系“旋转体系”产生的一种“作用效应”——可以称为“暗物质质量”或“暗质量”。如果我们生活的“三维空间”正好是一个“旋转体系”——“球柱体”绕其对称轴旋转,那么在这个“旋转体系”——“球柱体”上,也会产生“暗物质效应”。这一点,与目前的“天文观测”是一致的。

Abstract

The Coriolis force and centrifugal force of a rotating system, not in the inertial system real force, is the embodiment of the inertial effect in non inertial system in. For the "particle" escape from the center of mass, "Coriolis" is the "centripetal force", -- produced a "dark matter" effect: to produce the "centripetal force" "solid material quality" is "non existence" -- is "rotation system" produced a "effect can be said --" "dark matter quality".We live in the "three-dimensional space", is a "rotation system": "the ball column" rotating on its axis of symmetry, in this "rotation system": "the ball column", also will have a "dark matter" effect, and presents the galaxy in "half ball" clockwise rotation. This conclusion, and the current "astronomical" is consistent.

 

关键词

旋转体系;科里奥利力;宇宙空间;暗物质;质量;分布;旋转曲线

Keywords

rotating system; Coriolis force; space; dark matter; quality; distribution; rotation curve

 

1.“科里奥利力”[1]

1. "Coriolis force" [1]

 

科里奥利力,简称为科氏力,是对旋转体系中进行直线运动的质点由于惯性相对于旋转体系产生的直线运动的偏移的一种描述。科里奥利力来自于物体运动所具有的惯性。

Coriolis force, referred to as the Coriolis force, the rotation system is linear motion of the particle due to the rotational inertia of the system described with respect to a linear movement generated offset. Coriolis force from the movement of objects have inertia.

 

从物理学的角度考虑,科里奥利力与离心力一样,都不是在惯性系中真实存在的力,而是惯性作用在非惯性系内的体现。

From a physical point of view, like the Coriolis force and centrifugal force, is not true in the inertial forces exist, but inertia is reflected in non-inertial frames.

科里奥利力的计算公式:

Coriolis force formula:

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”

 

可见,科里奥利力总是垂直于质点的速度方向,并且对同一质点来说,在同一地点“科里奥利力与速度成正比:速度越大,科里奥利力就越大”。

Visible, the Coriolis force is always perpendicular to the direction of the particle velocity and the same particle, the "Coriolis force proportional to the velocity: the greater the speed, the greater the Coriolis force" in the same place .

 

由于自转的存在,地球并非一个惯性系,而是一个转动参照系,因而地面上质点的运动会受到科里奥利力的影响。受力方向北半球向物体运动的右侧,南半球向物体运动的左侧。[2]

Due to the rotation of the Earth is not a inertial system, but a rotating frame of reference, so games on the particle surface is affected Coriolis force. Force direction left to right movement of objects in the northern hemisphere, the southern hemisphere to the movement of objects.[2]

 

热带气旋(北太平洋上出现的称为台风)的形成受到科里奥利力的影响,在北半球沿着逆时针方向而在南半球沿着顺时针方向旋转。[2]

Tropical cyclones (appearing on the North Pacific called typhoons) influenced the formation of the Coriolis force, and rotated in a clockwise direction in the Northern Hemisphere in the counterclockwise direction in the Southern Hemisphere.[2]

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 1

图1

以“北半球热带气旋”为例,宏观地看,“低气压区”附近“物质质点”的运动,都近似于“圆周运动”。

The "Northern Hemisphere tropical cyclone" for example, a macro perspective, the "low pressure area" near "material particle" campaign, are similar to the "circular motion."

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 2

图2

1.1.“科里奥利离心力”

1.1. "Coriolis centrifugal force"

 

科里奥利力总是垂直于质点的速度方向,在这里,起到的是“圆周运动”的“离心力”的作用。

Coriolis force is always perpendicular to the direction of the particle velocity,here, play is "centrifugal force" role "circumferential movement".

在地球上,拥有水平于地面方向运动分量的物体受力大小为:Fc=2mvωsinΦ,m为物体质量;v为物体的水平运动速度分量;ω为地球自转的角速度;sin是正弦函数;Φ为物件所处的维度(也是ω的方向与v的方向的夹角)。受力方向北半球向物体运动的右侧,南半球向物体运动的左侧——起到“离心力”的作用——背离“气旋中心”。[2]

On Earth, with the horizontal component of movement in the direction of the ground force object size: Fc = 2mvωsinΦ, m is mass of the object; v is the horizontal velocity component of the object; ω is the angular velocity of the Earth's rotation; sin is a sine function; Φ is which dimension items (a direction is the angle between the ω v direction). Force direction movement of objects to the right in the Northern Hemisphere, the movement of objects in the southern hemisphere to the left - act as a "centrifugal force" - a departure from the "center of the cyclone." [2]

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 3

图3

1.2.“科里奥利向心力”

1.2. "Coriolis Centripetal force"

 

如果上述的“气旋中心”是一个“高气压区”,即“高气压区”的运动质点,都是从“气旋中心”向外运动的,那么,这时运动质点受到的“科里奥利力”,就变成了“向心力”——称为“科里奥利向心力”F0=2mvωsinΦ。

If the "cyclone center" is a "high pressure", namely "the motion of a particle of high pressure zone", are moving outward from the "cyclone center", so, when the motion of a particle is "Coriolis force", became the "centripetal force" -- known as the "Coriolis Centripetal force" F0=2mvωsinΦ.

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 4

图4

2.“环绕运动”

2."surround Movement"

 

若设在球面上作环绕运动(圆周运动)质点的速度大小为v,中心质量为m,球面半径为r,G为引力常数,中心质量对质点的牛顿引力就是“向心力”,则有r=Gm/v2,即v2=Gm/r。

Assuming for the sphere surround motion (circular motion) particle size velocity v, the center mass of m, the spherical radius r, G is the gravitational constant, the quality of the particle center Newtonian gravity is the "solidarity", there r=Gm/v2, ie v2=Gm/r.

 

因此,在一个星系中,靠近中部或外部,星系外侧的行星旋转速度,较内侧的应该是越来越小,“星系旋转速度曲线”随着距离的增大,应该是逐渐下降(A线)。

Thus, in a galaxy near the middle or outside, the rotational speed of the planet outside the galaxy, the more the inside should be getting smaller and smaller, "galactic rotation velocity curve" with increasing distance, should be gradually decreased (A-line) .

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 5

图5

3.“暗物质”

3."Dark matter"

 

美国女天文学家薇拉· 鲁宾观测星系转速时,发现星系外侧的行星旋转速度较牛顿引力预期的快(B线),故推测是有数量庞大的质能(“暗物质”)拉住星系外侧组成,以使其不致因过大的离心力而脱离星系。

American female astronomer Vera Rubin observing galaxies speed, the rotational speed of the planets discovered outside the galaxy faster than the expected Newtonian gravity (B line), suggesting that there is a huge amount of mass-energy ("dark matter") pulled outside of the galaxy composition, so not because of excessive centrifugal force from the galaxy.

 

在宇宙学中,“暗物质”是指无法通过电磁波的观测进行研究,也就是不与电磁力产生作用的物质。人们目前只能通过引力产生的效应得知,而且已经发现宇宙中有大量“暗物质”的存在。

In cosmology, the "dark matter" refers to electromagnetic waves can not be studied by observing, that is not an effect of matter and electromagnetic forces. It is currently only produced by the gravitational effects of that, and have discovered that the universe has a lot of "dark matter" exists.

 

4.“地球上的暗物质效应”

4."dark matter effect on the earth."

 

由“科里奥利向心力”F0=2mvωsinΦ可知,“科里奥利向心力”产生的加速度a0=2vωsinΦ。可以使得质点发生“环绕运动”,只要质点的速度v、到“中心”的距离r满足:v2=a0r,即v=(2ωsinΦ)r。

F0=2mvωsinΦ From "Coriolis centripetal force", "Coriolis centripetal force" resulting acceleration a0=2vωsinΦ. Particle can make happen "surround movement", as long as the particle velocity v, the "center" of the distance r satisfies: v2=a0r, namely v=(2ωsinΦ)r.

 

记K1=2ωsinΦ,K1只与地球的“自转角速”ω和质点所在的纬度Φ有关。故在地球上的同一地点附近,K1可以看成一个常数,称为“位置常数”。

Hutchison K1=2ωsinΦ, K1 only with the Earth's "self-corner speed" ω and particle related to the latitude Φ. Therefore, in the vicinity of the same location on Earth, K1 can be regarded as a constant, referred to as "position constant."

 

由“科里奥利向心力”F0=2mvωsinΦ=mvK1,可得:F0=Gm(vK1r2/G)/r2(G为引力常数)。若记M=vK1r2/G=(K1/G)vr2,则有“科里奥利向心力”产生的“环绕速度”,与在“环绕中心”“质量为M=(K1/G)vr2”产生的牛顿力,在作用效果上是“等效”的。

From the "Coriolis centripetal force" F0=2mvωsinΦ=mvK1, can be obtained: F0=Gm(vK1r2/G)/r2 (G is the gravitational constant). If you remember M=vK1r2/G=(K1/G)vr2, there are "Coriolis centripetal" produced "surround speed", and the "surround center", "quality of M=(K1/G)vr2 "Newton force generated, in effect is" equivalent "in.

 

产生“质量M=(K1/G)vr2”的“实体物质”是“不存在”的、“没有”的——系“旋转体系”产生的一种“作用效应”——可以称为“暗物质质量”或“暗质量”。

Produce "quality M=(K1/G)vr2" of "real substance" is "do not exist". But one from the "rotating system" produced "The role of effect" - can be called "dark matter mass" or "dark quality."

 

在地球上,若取ω=7.29×10-5弧度/秒,G=6.67×10-11牛顿·米2 /千克2,则有K1/G=(2ωsinΦ)/ G =2.1859070465×106sinΦ,由于0≤sinΦ≤1,K1/G的取值是比较大的,在105数量级,因此,可以认为在地球上,所谓的“暗物质质量”是“大量存在的”。

On Earth, if we take ω=7.29×10-5rad/s , G=6.67×10-11 N • m 2/kg2, there K1/G=(2ωsinΦ)/ G =2.1859070465×106sinΦ, due 0≤sinΦ≤1, K1/G values are relatively large, the 105 magnitude, therefore, can be considered on Earth, the so-called "dark matter quality" is "there are a lot of . "

 

在M=(K1/G)vr2中,若记K0=K1/G,则有M=K0 vr2,其中K0=K1/G =(2ωsinΦ)/G只与“旋转体系”本身的“角速度”ω,以及质点在“旋转体系”的“空间位置”Φ有关。如果所处的“空间位置”不变——可以考虑在一个“相对较小的空间内”——可限于一个“质量中心”附近,那么K0值就不变,称K0=K1/G =(2ωsinΦ)/G为“暗物质常数”。

In M=(K1/G)vr2, if credited K0=K1/G, there are M=K0vr2, where K0=K1/G =(2ωsinΦ)/G only with "rotation system" itself "angular velocity" ω, and the particle in the "rotation system" and "spatial position" Φ related. If you live in the "spatial position" unchanged - could be considered "within a relatively small space," one - can be limited to a nearby "center of mass", then K0 value is unchanged, said K0=K1/G =(2ωsinΦ)/G for "dark matter constant."

 

5.“宇宙空间”

5."cosmic space"

 

我们生活的“空间”就是一个“三维空间”:如果受到来自“第四维度”的引力影响,也可以被“第四维度”“封闭”,形成一个“四维空间”:“球柱体”。 [3]

We live in "space" is a "three-dimensional space": if subjected to gravitational influence from the "fourth dimension", but also can be the "fourth dimension", "closed", the formation of a "four-dimensional space": "Ball cylinder." [3]

 

因此,可以认为全部的“宇宙空间”就是一个“特殊的”“圆柱状空间”:以“三维球面”为边界,即P0点的“视界”的“球柱体”:“底面半径为Rs、高为2πRs(π为圆周率、Rs为“第四维度中心质量的史瓦西半径)的‘圆柱状空间’”,不过,只是该“圆柱状空间”的两端是重合的。[3]

Therefore, we can consider all of the "space" is a "special" "cylindrical space": the "three-dimensional sphere" for the border, that is the point P0 "event horizon " and "Ball cylinder": "underside radius Rs, height 2πRs (π is pi, Rs is the "fourth dimension of the center of mass Schwarzschild radius) of the 'cylindrical space' ', however, only the ends of the" cylindrical space "is coincident. [3]

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 6

图6

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 7

图7

6.“三维球面”上的“科里奥利力”

6."Coriolis force" In "three-dimensional sphere"

 

类似地,如果上述“球柱体”围绕其“对称轴”——“极点”与“对称极点”连线“自转”——“四维旋转体系”,那么其“球面”——“三维球面”上的“物质(天体)”也会受到“科里奥利力”——“不是在惯性系中真实存在的力,而是惯性作用在非惯性系内的体现的影响”:产生“暗物质效应”。

Similarly, if the above "ball barrel" around his "axis of symmetry" - "pole" and "symmetry pole" Connection "rotation" - "four-dimensional rotation system", then its "sphere" - "three-dimensional sphere." "substances (celestial)" will also be on the "Coriolis force" - "not in the real inertial force, but the inertia effect in non-inertial frames embodied": a "dark matter effect . "

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 8

图8

在“三维球面”上的“一定的空间范围内”,比如,就在我们人类生活的银河系内,也存在只与“所在的质量中心O——银核中心附近的客观条件”(“球柱体”的角速度ω、空间位置Φ)有关的“暗物质常数”K0和“位置常数”K1,并且,若设到O距离为r的质点(天体)的运动速度大小为v,则存在“暗物质质量”M=K0vr2=(K1/G)vr2。即有“暗物质质量公式”:

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质” 

In the "three-dimensional sphere" on "within a certain space," such as, in our human life within the Milky Way, there are only the "objective conditions O-- silver Quality Center is located near the center of the nuclear" ("Cylinder "angular velocity ω, the spatial position Φ) relating to" dark matter constants "K0 and" constant position "K1, and, assuming that the distance r O particle (celestial bodies) in size velocity v, there is" dark matter quality "M=K0vr2=(K1/G)vr2. That is "dark matter mass formula":

 (8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 9

图9

7.“与天文观测一致”

7."consistent with astronomical observations."

7.1.“暗物质常数”

7.1."dark matter constant"

 

由于“暗物质常数”K0=K1/G =(2ωsinΦ)/G,与“位置常数”K1有关,在“不同的空间‘纬度’Φ”的地方,有“不同的暗物质常数”,但是在相比于“宇宙尺度”上,我们探测的“空间尺度”还是比较小的,因此K0的差别很小。可能正是这“很小的差别”,造成了宇宙微波背景辐射(CMB)温度的各向异性,影响了极化功率谱。

As the "dark matter constant" K0=K1/G =(2ωsinΦ)/G, and the "constant position" K1 related in "a different space 'latitude' Φ" where there is "a different constant dark matter", but compared in the "cosmic scale", we detect the "spatial scales" is still relatively small, so small differences in K0. It is possible that "small differences", resulting in the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) temperature anisotropy, affecting the polarization power spectrum.

 

7.2.“依附普通物质而存在”

7.2."dependent ordinary matter exists"

 

由M=K0vr2=(K1/G)vr2可以知道,“暗物质质量”M与质点速度有关,是由质点的运动速度形成的,是“质点的速度产生了‘暗物质效应’”。因此,可以说,“有物质”并且“物质有相对运动”的地方才有“暗物质”,所以“暗物质”总是“依附普通物质而存在”,并且速度越大表现越明显。

By M=K0vr2=(K1/G)vr2 can know, "dark matter mass" M proportional to the cube of the particle velocity is determined by the velocity of the particle formation is the "particle velocity produced a 'dark matter effect'." Therefore, we can say, "There is substance" and "substance relative motion" place only "dark matter", so the "dark matter" always "dependent ordinary matter exists," and the greater the speed, the more obvious manifestations.

 

暗物质并不是无所不在,它们只在某些地方聚集成团状,而对另一些地方却不屑一顾。其次,将星系的图片与之重叠,我们看到星系与暗物质的位置基本吻合。有暗物质的地方,就有恒星和星系,没有暗物质的地方,就什么都没有。[4]

Dark matter is not omnipresent, they gather only in some places into lumps, but was dismissive of the other places. Secondly, with overlapping images of galaxies, we see galaxies and dark matter are consistent position. Where there is dark matter, there are stars and galaxies, dark matter is no place, no nothing. [4]

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 10

图10

 

7.3.“球状均匀分布”

7.3. "Uniformly distributed spherical "

 

下图中显示的是所谓的“旋转曲线示踪剂”,它常被用作银河系银盘的图片。这一示踪剂以蓝色和红色显示,这主要是由它们相对太阳的相对运动所决定的。球形对称的蓝色光晕显示了科学家们怀疑存在的暗物质。[5]

The figure shows that the so-called "rotation curve tracer," which is often used as the Milky Way galactic disk images. This tracer in blue and red, which is mainly by the relative motion of the sun relative to their decision. Spherically symmetric blue halo shows scientists suspect the existence of dark matter. [5]

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 11

图11 “旋转曲线示踪剂”

 

在“质量中心”的外侧,比如星系的外侧,中心质量的作用力越来越小,可以认为运动质点(天体)只受到“科里奥利力”的影响。这时候,近似地,满足v=K1r,v与r是“线性关系”。且有:M=K0vr2= K0K1r3,可以认为“暗物质质量”M是呈“球状均匀分布”的——“暗物质晕”,[6][7]并且离星系中心越远、越是在星系的外围表现越明显。比如,“暗物质”在“子弹星团”的外围——“大尺度”上“表现明显”(蓝色):相似的例子只发现于少数巨大星系团——只发生在存在巨大星系团时——也就是庞然大物相互撞击时。[8]

Outside of the "center of mass", The quality of the force generated by the center smaller and smaller, can think that the motion of a particle (celestial) affected only by "Coriolis force". At this time, approximately, to meet the v=K1r, v and r are "linear relationship". And there is:M=K0vr2= K0K1r3,can be considered "dark matter mass" M is was "uniformly distributed spherical "- the" dark matter halo ", [6] [7] and farther away from the center of the galaxy, the more the more evident in the performance of the periphery of the galaxy. For example, the "dark matter" in the periphery of the "bullet cluster" - the "large-scale" on "performance was" (blue): similar example is found only in a small number of huge clusters of galaxies - only occurs when there is a huge clusters of galaxies - that is when the monster hit each other. [8]

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 12

图12

测量数据显示,两个矮星系的暗物质均匀地分布在横跨几百光年的较大区域中。[6][7]

Measurement data shows two dark matter in dwarf galaxies evenly distributed across a larger area of a few hundred light-years. [6] [7]

 

测量气体和恒星的旋转速率使得天文学家可以有效地“称重”宿主星系并确定它的整体质量。这些测量显示了可见物质只解释了整体物质的一小部分——主导物质是暗物质。将这一技术应用于银河系是可能的,众所周知银河系外围部分存在暗物质。[5]

Measurement of gas and stellar rotation rate allows astronomers can effectively "weigh" the host galaxy and determine its overall quality. These measurements show that the visible matter only explain a small part of the whole matter - the dominant material is dark matter. This technology will be applied to the Milky Way is possible, the peripheral part of the existence of dark matter galaxy is known. [5]

 

在此之前,科学家们一直认为将这一技术应用于银河系最内部区域是非常困难的,后者大约10万光年宽。现在慕尼黑理工大学的科学家发现了银河系最内部——包括地球所处的位置和我们自身的“宇宙邻居”——里暗物质存在的直接观测证据。[5]

Prior to this, scientists have always thought that this technology will be applied to the innermost region of the galaxy is very difficult, which is about 100,000 light-years wide. Now scientists have discovered Technical University of Munich innermost galaxy - including Earth location and our own "cosmic neighborhood" - direct observational evidence for the existence of dark matter inside. [5]

 

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 13

图13 银河系最内端暗物质的证据

他们首先创造了对有关银河系气体和恒星运动已发表的测量结果的最完整汇编。然后他们对比了测量到的旋转速率以及假设星系里只有最明亮物质存在时的旋转速率。对比结果清晰的显示了无法解释测量到的旋转速率,除非我们周围、我们之间以及星系中央存在大量暗物质。“我们知道银河系需要暗物质来保证恒星和气体以我们观测到的速率旋转。”带领进行这项分析的慕尼黑理工大学的米格尔•帕特(Miguel Pato)博士这样说道。[5]

They first created the most complete compilation of the measurement results of the galactic gas and stars of sport has been published. Then they compared the measured rotation rate and assuming the rate of rotation of the brightest galaxies in existence only when the substance. The results clearly show the contrast could not explain the measured rate of rotation, unless all around us, the presence of the central galaxy between us and a lot of dark matter. "We need to know that dark matter galaxy of stars and gas in order to ensure that we have observed in the rate of rotation." Conduct this analysis led by University of Munich • Pat Miguel (Miguel Pato) Dr. says. [5]

 

7.4.“星系旋转速度曲线”

7.4. "galactic rotation velocity curve."

 

如果“质量中心”的质量为m,天体Q到质量中心的半径为r,Q的速度大小为v,那么对v产生影响的因素有两个:一个是“普通物质质量”m,另一个就是上述的“暗物质质量”M。即有:v2=G(m+M)/r=Gm/r +GM/r。

If the quality of "center of mass" of m, the radius of the center of mass of celestial Q for r, Q size velocity v, then the factors affecting v There are two: one is "ordinary quality material" m, and the other is above "dark matter mass" M. That is: v2=G(m+M)/r=Gm/r +GM/r.

 

当v不大时,又在“质量中心”附近,由于“暗物质质量”M=K0vr2=(K1/G)vr2较小(相对于m来说),天体运动主要受到来自“普通物质质量”m的影响。

When the v is not big, In the vicinity of "center of mass", because the "dark matter quality" M=K0v3=(1/GK1)v3 small(compared to m), celestial body movement, mainly affected by "ordinary matter quality" m.

 

“普通物质质量”m,可以产生“环绕速度”v=√Gm/r,使得星系外侧“旋转曲线下降”(红线)。

"Ordinary quality material" m, can produce "surround speed" v=√Gm/r, so that the outer galaxy "rotation curves down" (red line).

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 14

图14

在“中尺度”上,“暗物质质量”M与“普通物质质量”m的共同影响下,使得星系外侧——“星系团”或“超星系团”等“中尺度”上,比如在银河系的中部或边缘部分,“旋转曲线平坦”(蓝线)。

In the "medium scale", "dark matter mass" M satisfies v=K1r, v and r is the combined effect of "linear", and "ordinary quality material" m so that the outer galaxy - "galaxies" or "superclusters" other "medium scale", and for example, in the middle or the edge portion of the Milky Way," flat rotation curve "(blue line).

 

在“更大尺度”上,中心质量的作用力越来越小,由于v2=G(m+M)/r=Gm/r+GM/r中的Gm/r可以忽落不计视为0,于是v2=G(m+M)/r=Gm/r +GM/r≈GM/r,而M=K0vr2=(K1/G)vr2,所以v2≈GK0vr=G(K1/G)vr,即v≈GK0r=K1r。这时的“环绕速度的大小v”与“天体到星系中心的距离r”成正比。因此,天体的运动速度,在“更大尺度”上将是“上升”的。

In the "larger scale", The quality of the force generated by the center smaller and smaller, because the v2=G(m+M)/r=Gm/r+GM/r,Gm/r≈0, then v2=G(m+M)/r=Gm/r +GM/r≈GM/r, and M=K0vr2=(K1/G)vr2, so v2≈GK0vr=G(K1/G)vr, that is v≈GK0r=K1r. "v" and "r" is proportional to. Therefore, the movement speed of celestial bodies, in "would be more large scale" is "up".

 

(8)论“科里奥利力”与“暗物质”
Figure 15

图15

7.5.星系在“一半球”顺时针旋转,而在“另一半球”逆时针旋转

7.5. galaxy in "a hemisphere" clockwise, and in the "other hemisphere" anticlockwise

 

如果整个宇宙是在旋转的话,那么位于宇宙两个半球的星系必然存在不同的旋转方向。

If the entire universe is rotating, then located in the two hemispheres of the galaxies of the universe there must be a different direction.

 

来自密歇根大学的研究人员Michael Longo与他的同事使用位于新墨西哥州阿帕奇顶峰的2.5米口径望远镜,即斯隆数字巡天(SDSS),研究宇宙中超过15000个星系后,在其提交的报告中叙述到:根据对星系的旋转方向的深入研究,不论是顺时针旋转还是逆时针旋转的螺旋星系,其旋转方向并不是随机的,而是可能由这个星系所在的宇宙半球所决定的。[9]

Researchers from the University of Michigan's Michael Longo and his colleagues used the summit in New Mexico Apache 2.5 m telescope, namely the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), studied more than 15,000 galaxies in the universe after, in his report to the recounts: according to extensive research on the direction of rotation of the galaxy, either clockwise or counterclockwise rotation of the spiral galaxy, its direction of rotation is not random, but may be caused by the galaxy where the universe hemisphere of the decision. [9]

 

 

参考文献

References

[1]科里奥利力.维基百科 [引用日期2015-02-12] .

[2]刘南威 .自然地理学 .北京 :科学出版社 ,2000 :55 .

[3]论“哈勃常数”与“空间封闭”.(作者的另一篇文章).

[4]《暗物质》.百度百科 [引用日期2015-02-12] .

[5]科学家首次在银河系最内侧发现暗物质证据.凤凰科技.2015-02-11 [引用日期2015-02-21] .

[6]研究称宇宙暗物质均匀散布在星系之中而非聚集.搜狐网.2011-10-26 [引用日期2015-02-12] .

[7]观测结果推翻传统观念暗物质并非集中于星系中心.新华网.2011-10-19 [引用日期2015-02-12] .

[8]科学家在子弹星团发现暗物质证据.凤凰科技.2014-05-08 [引用日期2015-02-12] .

[9]宇宙或存在神秘自转轴.新华网.2011-07-12 [引用日期2015-02-12] .

 

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