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缅媒:担心曼德勒成为中国的一个省

(2014-09-04 20:01:13)
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房产

按:中国商人操纵仰光省省长获得大开发项目的风波尚未平息,曼德勒房地产价格疯涨又将对中国人的警惕推上浪尖。中缅关系一年比一年事多。

房地产经纪反映,今年中国人涌进曼德勒省的房地产市场,他们的投资推动价格高涨令缅甸人被赶出曼德勒市中心。

移民与国民登记部的数据显示,自向外国投资开放以来,每个月都有上千持工作签证的外国人涌入缅甸,其中大部分是中国人。

中国投资者已经进入了珠宝和油气行业,现在则投资于曼德勒房地产市场。据当地房地产经纪人反映,中国富商可能参与了大部分知名房地产交易。

“本地房地产市场多年前就已掌握在中国人手中。没人说得出这些亿万交易背后的人是谁。这些日子这种大合同已成家常便饭。我认为房地产业价格飞涨的根源就在这里。缅甸国民在城区拥有的地块越来越少,许多本地人已经搬到了城郊。”一位当地经纪人说。

Chanayethazan镇居民Khine Thazin同意这种说法:“从前每座公寓楼里中国人住户不过三四个,但现在变了。有的房子关着门,门上贴着中文告示。我担心曼德勒将变成中国的一个省。”

本地居民要求调查房地产交易,查明资金的来源。

“由于曼德勒地区只能向南扩展,一些中国人便提前购买曼德勒南角的地块和农田。有的合同用真名签署,有的则用缅甸国民的名字签署。我听说他们大部分不是曼德勒本地人。Taungthaman湖东面村庄的地价已经从几百万缅元涨到了几亿缅元。”Amarapura一位居民说。中国人开的宾馆、饭店和酒馆数量也在增加。

“每个人都知道中国人进入了房地产市场。但是由于他们很少用自己的名字交易,因此难以证明。”

移民部的Thaung Zaw说:“只有缅甸国民才有权购买房地产。外国人连租房都不允许。”

他又补充说,但曼德勒的中国人大多缅语流利,易于伪装成缅甸人。

“相关部门正在对签证过期的中国人、与缅甸妇女结婚的中国人和在国内犯罪后逃入缅甸的中国人采取行动。要求人民向当局举报非法中国移民。那些容留非法中国移民的人将按移民法论刑。”Thaung Zaw说。

他还说,当局每月都在提醒包括中国人在内的外国人遵守签证规则,提高了对外国人活动的警惕。持商务签证入境的外国人允许停留70天,得到相关部的推荐三次续期可停留一年。

房地产经纪公司Myo Myint Aung要求当局追查购地资金的来源。

“有些经商的人在买地。中国人不仅在城内买地而且还在城外买地。过去,缅甸人卖掉自己的房产地产之后便搬到郊区,而现在则在郊区都买不起房了。由于价格飞涨,他们只能租房住。”Myo Myint Aung说。有些中国人在Mahaaungmyay的玉石市场谋生。他们大部分是租房住而非住宾馆。宝石商们说不知道这些中国商人是持什么签证在缅甸生活和工作的。在Muse-Kyel Gaung边界地区从事进出口业务的商人Aung Ko说,资金在大陆中国人和缅甸华人之间流动。

“本地企业家凭进口许可证进口一批摩托车,但并不马上付钱。然后大陆中国人通过缅甸华人在曼德勒买玉石、房产和地产。”他说。

据移民与国民登记部,曼德勒有将近7万中国出生的缅甸国民。“在曼德勒可以看到很多中国饭店。那里的中国人讲中国话而非缅语。由于当地游客很多,难以马上辨清他们是缅甸人还是中国人。曼德勒到处都是挂着中文标牌的饭店和宾馆,尽管曼德勒当局规定所有饭店只允许使用缅语和英语。”

当地人说,卖腌萝卜和咖哩鱼的中国小贩都置有房屋或公寓房。“他们的钱是从哪里来的?”有人质疑,要求当局追查流入曼德勒房地产市场的资金来源。中国人涌入曼德勒也令当地人担心将只有中国人才能在这座城市生活。

Mandalay’s red-hot property market sparks concerns over Chinese investment

Published on Wednesday, 03 September 2014 17:47 十一日报

Chinese nationals rushing into Mandalay this year are heavily involved in the region’s property market, and their investments are driving prices so high that Myanmar nationals are being displaced from Mandalay city’s centre, according to realtors.

Figures from the Immigration and National Registration Department show that since the country opened to foreign investment, more than 1,000 foreign nationals with work visas have flowed into the country each month, and most are Chinese nationals.

Chinese investors have entered both the jewellery, and oil and gas businesses and are now investing in Mandalay’s real-estate market. According to some local realtors, Chinese tycoons might be involved in most of the high-profile property deals that have taken place of late.

“The local [property] market has been in the hands of Chinese since years ago. No one can say who is behind the billions worth of deals. Such huge contracts have been common these days. I think the speculation is the source of soaring prices in the real-estate business. Plots owned by Myanmar citizens are getting fewer in number in the downtown area and many of the locals have moved to the outskirts,” one local realtor said.

Khine Thazin, a resident in Chanayethazan Township, agreed: “Previously the Chinese households were not above three to four [per apartment block]. But now, the tables have turned. Some houses are closed with placards lettered in Chinese. I’m afraid Mandalay will become a province of China.”

Local residents are calling for property deals to be investigated to uncover the sources of the funds.

“As Mandalay area can be extended only to the South, some Chinese have acquired plots and farmlands in Amarapura [the Southern corner of Mandalay] in advance. Some contracts were signed by their own names, and some, in the names of Myanmar citizens. I’ve heard most of them are not Mandalay natives. Land prices in the eastern villages of Taungthaman Lake have increased from millions to hundreds of million kyat,” a resident in Amarapura said. The number of Chinese-owned businesses – hotels, restaurants, inns – has increased too.

“Everyone knows about the Chinese involvement in the property market. But it’s hard to prove as they seldom make deals in their own names. The relevant authorities should inspect such cases,” a local business owner said.

Thaung Zaw from the immigration department said: “Only Myanmar citizens have the right to acquire property. The foreigners can’t even rent a house.”

However, most Chinese in Mandalay are fluent in Myanmar, making them easy to disguise themselves as Myanmar natives, he added.

“Relevant authorities are taking action against the Chinese citizens who have expired visas, or married Myanmar women and entered the country after committing crimes in their mother country. People are urged to inform the authorities of illegal Chinese migrants. Those who accept the illegal Chinese migrants might face a jail sentence in accord with the immigration law,” Thaung Zaw said.

Every month authorities are warning foreign citizens, including Chinese nationals, to comply visa rules, and greater vigilance is being placed on the activities of foreigners, he added. Foreigners who come to the country on a business visa are allowed to stay for 70 days. They can remain up to one year after extending their visa three times, with the recommendations of the respective ministry. 

Myo Myint Aung, an agent at Wathonedaray real estate, called on authorities to trace the source of money used to purchase land plots.

“Some people who are actually running their businesses are buying land plots. Chinese nationals are purchasing land not only in the urban areas but also outside the city. In the past, Myanmar people moved to the suburban areas after selling their houses and land. But now they are not in a position to own a house and plot of land even in suburban areas. Due to the surging prices, they have to rent houses to live in,” Myo Myint Aung added. Some Chinese nationals are making a living in the jade market in Mahaaungmyay Township. The majority of them rent houses instead of living in hotels. Gem merchants say they do not know what kind of visas these businesspeople are using to work and live in Myanmar.  Aung Ko, a merchant who runs an import-export business in the Muse-Kyel Gaung border area said money was flowing between mainland Chinese and ethnic Chinese citizens of Myanmar. 

“The local entrepreneurs import a number of motorcycles with an import license but do not repay all the money at once. After that, the Chinese from the mainland buy jade stones, houses and plots of land in Mandalay [through the local Chinese],” he said.

There are nearly 70,000 China-born Myanmar citizens in Mandalay, according to the Immigration and National Registration Department. “We can see many Chinese restaurants everywhere in Mandalay. The majority of Chinese people there speak Chinese but not Myanmar language. It is difficult to identify whether they are Myanmar or Chinese citizens at a time when the country also sees a massive influx of tourists. Mandalay is packed with restaurants and hotels with Chinese signage even though authorities only allow using Myanmar and English languages in all restaurants in Mandalay,” said Ye Naing, a local resident from the Mahaaungmyay Township.

Chinese vendors, who sell pickled carrots and Malar fish curry, own houses and apartments, local residents say. “Where does the money come from?” some ask, calling on authorities to trace where all the cash flowing into Mandalay’s property market is coming from. The influx of Chinese nationals into Mandalay is also raising concerns among locals that the city will be a place where only Chinese people can make a living.

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