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威海一中讲座内容4--高考英语书面表达分析与教学建议(下)

(2012-04-15 00:21:38)
标签:

教育

分类: 讲座报告

 

    第三部分   高考英语书面表达试题预测练习

 

1.假设你是新华中学的学生李华,父母答应你今年高三毕业后去英国作10天观光旅游。请你给英国网友TOM写封电子邮件,咨询以下事情:

1、不随旅游团的食宿、交通等问题。

2、必看景点与时间安排。

3、邀请他到中国观光。

格式如下:

Dear Tom,

  How's everything going? _____________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

  I'm looking forward to your early reply.

                                                                  Yours,

                                                                   Li Hua

学生作品:

Dear Tom,

How's everything going? I'm allowed to go out for a 10-day visit to England after my college entrance examination by my parents. Now, I'm writing to ask you to do me a favor by telling me something of vital use in advance.

Here are several questions related to my journey. For one thing, could you tell me, if I don't attend the local touristry, the information about my board and lodging and the traffic situation of England? For another, I can't wait to be acquainted with the must-see tourist attraction? Meanwhile, if it doesn't trouble you, could you please help me arrange the time properly so that I can completely enjoy myself then? I shall thank you if you will kindly let me have one or two letters of introduction to England as I'm an entire stranger there.

In return, it would be my great honor and pleasure if you could come to China as my guest. I believe I could be a distinguished guide!

I'm looking forward to your early reply.

                                                                                              Yours,

                                                                                                                    Li Hua

 

老师修改意见:(红色部分是修改的地方,紫色是删掉的地方,括号内为批语,大家一定要耐心地一个字一个字地读完啊!)

Dear Tom,

(1)How's everything going? (2) I'm allowed to go out for (这三个词不如改成 enjoy) a 10-day visit to England after my college entrance examination by my parents. (3) Now, I'm writing to ask you to do me a favor by telling me something of vital use in advance. (首段“咔咔咔”三句话,表达了礼貌的问候,并清晰地交代了写信的背景和目的,看上去相当的老练!完全没什么地方可改嘛!)

(4) Here are several key(关键) questions related to my journey. (鲜明的主题句中,使用了“Here are…”的倒装结构,还用了“过去分词作后置定语表被动”这一神话中的英语语法) (5)For one thing, could you offer me, if I don't attend the local touristry (按照高中水平,“参加旅行团”是没有办法直译的吧!所以这样翻译出来往往也是不对的喽!那么怎样才能解决这个问题呢?当然是用课上讲的那句话:“换一种方式来表达”—— 如果我不找旅行社 if I don’t turn to any tourist agency,或者把逻辑和时态都升级一下,写成:since I’m not turning to any tourist agency,由于我不打算找任何旅行社,也行。大家都想想还有别的方式可以把这个意思“表达”出来吗?这可是个小小的挑战哦!) , the information about my board and lodging and the traffic situation of England (这里赠送一个简单的升级表达: 一些自助的在英国的食宿及交通信息some self-help accommodation and transportation information in England)? (6) For another, I can't wait to be acquainted with (这里就是阅卷评分标准里所谓的“少许语言错误但因尽力使用复杂结构所致,不扣分”的情况,be acquainted with这个词组的确很“高档”,但是搭配上有个习惯,就是后面一定要加“人”,表示“认识某人”。所以不如改成visit 甚至 look around)some must-see tourist attractions. (7) Meanwhile, if it doesn't trouble you much, could you please help me arrange the time properly so that I can completely enjoy myself then? (这句太好了…if和so that两大“尾巴句型”如此熟练地掌握,天衣无缝,鬼斧神工,看得我眼泪都快下来了) (8) I shall thank you if you will kindly let me have one or two letters of introduction to England (这块儿有点乱啊,改成introduce me one or two websites on your local culture and custom 绝对就厉害了,值得一提的是,小状语位置的kindly堪称神来之笔!)as I'm an entire stranger there. (漂亮的“表原因的尾巴句型”)

In return, it would be my great honor and pleasure if you could come to China as my guest. I believe I could be a distinguished guide! (完美的高级词汇!)

I'm looking forward to your early reply.

                                                                                               Yours,

                                                                                                                    Li Hua

完整的修改背诵版:

Dear Tom,

(1)How's everything going? (2) I'm allowed to enjoy a 10-day visit to England after my college entrance examination by my parents. (3) Now, I'm writing to ask you to do me a favor by telling me something of vital use in advance.

(4) Here are several key questions related to my journey.  (5)For one thing, could you offer me, since I’m not turning to any tourist agency, some self-help accommodation and transportation information in England? (6) For another, I can't wait to visitsome must-see tourist attractions. (7) Meanwhile, if it doesn't trouble you much, could you please help me arrange the time properly so that I can completely enjoy myself then? (8) I shall thank you if you will kindly introduce me one or two websites on your local culture and custom as I'm an entire stranger there.

In return, it would be my great honor and pleasure if you could come to China as my guest. I believe I could be a distinguished guide!

I'm looking forward to your early reply.

                                                                                               Yours,

                                                                                                                    Li Hua

2.假设你是李华,你在读美国中学生Jack的博客时了解到他即将作为一名交换生来北京学习,希望能够寄宿在一名擅长英语的中学生家里,以便更好地了解中国文化。请根据以下要点给Jack写一封电子邮件:
    1.欢迎他来中国学习;
    2.介绍你个人情况;
    3.邀请他住在你家并愿意为他提供帮助。
    注意:1.词数120-150;
       2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Jack,
   I’m very glad to learn that youre coming to Beijing as an exchange student and want to stay in local home with middle school student who can speak excellent English.
I’m high school student, and its my sincere hope that you can stay with me.I am good at English and can communicate with foreigners fluently. Besides, like reading and traveling in my spare time,so if you are with us, can take you around Beijing and let you know mere about our brilliant Chinese culture.Both my parents and are friendly and enthusiastic in personality. So believe we can be good friends. I’m sureI will do what can to help you with your Chinese. 

I’m looking forward to your coming.
      Best wishes.
                                                                                                                                                                                Yours,
                                                                                                                                                                                Li Hua

总结:

1、物称主语(宾语做主语)

避免用I \ we做主语,体现客观性。

I love English.

English is loved by me.(被动语态)(烂)

English attracts/ fascinates/ interests me a lot.

(换谓语动词)(佳)

A heated discussion was held...

2、非谓语动词;

(1)做修饰;

主动用ing,被动用ed,要做去做用to do;

一个人做两件事,用分词短语;两个人分别做两件事,用独立主格结构;(非谓语动词做状语)

当汉语中用“动词+的”修饰名词时,英语中用定语从句或非谓语动词;(非谓语动词做定语)

a man (riding a bike)

an unfolded book

an old man (taking a book)

a young lady (using a laptop)

The tree growing toward the sun is brave and optimistic.

He is the proper person to do the job.

Crying, he walked in.

Beaten, he walked in.

He walked in, beaten.

The earthquake happening, Oldfish cried.

Tom beaten badly, Oldfish cried.

 Tom Walking in the street, a brick fell on his head.

独立主格结构:“分词短语”有独立的逻辑主语;

Crying, Oldfish walked in.

太阳当空照,花儿对我笑,我背上书包上学校。

The sun shining in the sky, the flowers smiling to me, I , carrying my school bag, go to school.

看完这个句子,我们再看另外一个句子。

Finishing reading this sentence, let's take a look at another one.

This sentence finished reading, let's take a look at another one.

第一个句子够好了,第二个句子就更好了。

The first sentence being good enough, the second one is better.

学完这个方法之后,同学们造的句子会非常高级,得高分很容易。

(The method mastered), the sentences (made by the students) would be splendid and a high grade would be easily

acquired.

(2)替换“从句”;

The man who is driving a car is my uncle.

The man driving a car is my uncle.

When he heard the news, he cried.

Hearing the news, he cried.

The news coming, tears filled his eyes.

(3)构词;

“动宾构词法”

Climb a mountain=

I love mountain-climbing.

I am a mountain-climber.

I am a mountain-climbing fan.

Drive a car---

Car-driving

Car-driver

Car-driving rules

A tool which can be used to draw a circle.

Draw a circle

Circle-drawing

A circle-drawer.

A circle-drawing tool

3、倒装句;

(1)否定;

Little/seldom/not/never/

at no time/ by no means/

Nothing

Eg:

Nothing can we find in the room.

(2)唯一;

Only in this way....

Only then...

Only when we have mastered English, can we chat with foreigners freely.=

We should master English. Only in this way can we chat with foreigners freely.

Only when we all protect the environment, can our country be flooded with harmony and happiness.

(3)修饰;

English is easy.

So easy is English that anyone who can speak Chinese have the chance to master English.

It is a fine day today.

So fine is it today that we can't hide our passion to go out and play.

Never lose my passion.

Never should I lose my passion.

4、强调句;

(1)强调谓语动词;

I love you.

I do love you.

让我证明我曾真心爱过你。

Let me prove that I once did love you.

(2)强调其他成分;

It is/was+被强调部分+that/who +句子剩余部分

I read English loudly in the open air every morning.

It is we Chinese young generation who are undertaking the future of our motherland.

 5、省略句;

(1)并列;and\but\or\as well as \than

I got up early today and had my breakfast on the way.

(2)状语从句;

"当从句主语跟主句相同,且从句中有be动词时,从句的主语和be动词同时省略。"

When visiting Xi'an, we enjoyed YRPM.

6、It家族(逻辑主语 逻辑宾语)

(1)It is clear +that从句

  It is a pity +that从句

  It is a painstaking task to do sth.(客观评价句型)

(2)I believe/ regard /insist/ consider it+adj/n/ +that从句(主观评价句型)

It is a painstaking task to prepare for the NMET.

I consider it a painstaking task to prepare for the NMET.

(3)make it句型(6123句型)

良好的环境使我们更加容易集中注意力。

A nice environment makes it easier for us to concentrate on our study.

A nice environment makes it easier that we concentrate on our study.

安能摧眉折腰事权贵,使我不得开心颜。

How can I unwillingly serve the noble, which makes it hard for me to gain/pursuit/obtain a happy smile?

7、尾巴家族:

(1)原因

,because... 

,for...

,considering that...

You, a good boy, are supposed to deeply understand your mom, considering that she gave birth to you, has brought

you up and expects your success in the future.

(2)结果

,so,

,as a result,

,therefore,

,consequently,

,accordingly,

(3)目的

,so that

,in order that

so as to do

in order to do

We have to protect our environment so that the next generation will develop continuously.

We have to protect our environment so as to save resource and energy for our next generation.

(4)程度

so...that (通常用倒装结构)

such...that

8、插入;

(1)with sth+补语(形容词 介词短语 从句 非谓语动词)

(2)together with + sb +补语(形容词 介词短语 从句 非谓语动词)

As we can see from the picture, a young lady (with a laptop on her )is surfing the Internet.

(3)I think,...

(4)namely,(也就是说)

(5)in fact,

(6)同位语:A=B

You , a good boy, should understand your mom.

We teenagers...

 

     第四部分   高考英语书面表达写作评价表

 

1 人物描写(记叙性文体)

写作任务1: Describe any person you like

评价表1:

写作者:________________

修改的同伴:________________

日期:________________

作文题目:如 “描述一个人”

修改的内容:

1. 这篇作文是对一个人的描述吗?

2. 这篇作文是否用了形象、清楚的描述呢?

3. 段落的组织是以什么样的顺序展开的?

4. 每一段有主题句吗?如果有,请用下划线标注出来。

5. 主题句在本段落得到了细节的支撑吗?

6. 作者在写作中用了教材上所学的词汇、短语或者句型吗?

7. 找出作文中的语法、标点错误。

8. 用波浪线标注出你找到的好词、好句,并解释为什么这些是好词好句。

9. 标注出表达不清楚的词汇、短语和句子等,并在旁边写出如何改正的建议。

10.      在作文最后写出你认为可以帮助同伴提高作文写作的建议或者评论。

 

写作任务2:

假设你是李华,请用英语写一篇短文介绍一下你的英语老师。有关他的情况如下:

姓名

王涛

出生年月

1977年2月

出生地

北京海淀区

毕业时间和院校

1999年毕业于北京师范大学

外貌特征

瘦高个,短头发

性格特征

热情,幽默,随和,乐于助人…..

工作表现

课堂活跃,用十年时间写了两本关于英语教学的书;工作上埋头苦干, 改进教学方法…

注意:1 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯:

   2 词数:120左右

 

评价表2

Peer editing;                                               评价人:

Have clear structure

 4   3   2   1

Cover all the points

 4   3   2   1

Use correct tense

4   3   2   1

Use rich language

4   3   2   1

Grammar mistakes

4   3   2   1

备注:

主谓一致错误:(1个减1分)

句子结构错误:(1句 减1分)

标点错误:(1个减0.5)

拼写错误:(1个减0.5)

搭配错误:酌情

总分

(20-0)

 

写作任务3:

请根据提示描写Sarah Brightman 

 

Sarah Brightman

请根据以下提示,完成一篇短文。

1. 莎拉.布莱曼,英国著名女高音(soprano)

2. 1960年8月14日生于伦敦,六个孩子中的老大。妈妈是个舞蹈演员,希望她学习与艺术有关的东西,象唱歌,跳舞,和表演

3. 三岁的时候学习芭蕾,开始在当地上台表演。十一岁时,在( the Arts Educational boarding school)学习爵士和表演

4. 1977年,主演Hot Gossip, 第二年,她们的光盘引起轰动,畅销达50万张,居排行

榜第六

5. 至今, 在34个国家共获得150多个奖项。2008年北京奥运会开幕式上,与中国著名歌手刘欢同台演唱歌曲 “我和你”

世界瞩目

6. 被认为是全世界最受欢迎的歌手之一

 

评价表3

Are all the information included?

A--Yes

B--Not really

C--No

Are the tense and the person correct?

A

B

C

Are transitional word been used?

A

B

C

Are the sentences various?

A

B

C

Are there any shining sentences? (underline)

A

B

C

Is the handwriting clean and neat?

A

B

C

Any mistakes? (point out)

A

B

C

总体评价

A. 18-20 优秀   B.  15-17 良好

C. 12-14 及格   D.   6-11 较差

Good points

Weak points

评价人

 

2. 说明性文体

写作任务: Write an advertisement--- describing an article:

    A folded bicycle

a)  轻、占空间小

b)  重5.5公斤

c)  折叠后可放入包中,如同一把大伞

d)  折叠和展开便捷,只需约20秒。

e)  结实  

f)  每小时24公里

g)  下周投放市场

h)  前20名顾客将得到优惠

i)  优惠价:200元

 

评价表4:                                         

评价人:

Have a clear structure

                          1

Cover all the points

                          1

Be convincing

                           1

Use logical linking words

                          1

Use correct adjectives

                          1

Grammar mistakes

 标点错误:(1个减0.5)

 拼写错误:(1个减0.5)

 句子结构错误:(一句1分)

 时态错误:整体时态错误减5

          个别时态错误酌情 

搭配错误:酌情      

总分

(20-0)

 

 

3. 议论性文体

写作任务: Write a report

假如你是张军,你要给当地的交通局(The Bureau of Transport)写一份报告,报告当地的交通状况,报告内容应包括如下信息:

当地交通的优点

主要道路交通宽阔,整齐;

公交车多,出行方便;

公交车车票便宜

当地交通的缺点

有些人不遵守交通规则;

一些交通设施不够完善;

繁忙的交通造成交通堵塞和严重的大气污染

你的建议

.......

 

评价表5:

Peer-editing                                评卷人签名:_________________

Have a clear structure

                   1

Cover all the points

                   1

Use proper linking words(underline)

                   1

Use shining sentences(underline)

                   1

Be logical

                   1

Circle spelling mistakes

Number:         Score:

对写作教学的启示:

(1)同伴评价无疑是高中英语写作教学中的有益尝试。

(2)在进行同伴互评的过程中,教师的角色仍然是不可替代的。

收获:

(1)学生在同伴评价中提升了自信,减少焦虑感。

(2)在使用同伴评价过程中老师的工作量加重,但学生提升了识错能力。

(3)教师在课题进程中提升了科研能力。

 

 

  第五部分   高考英语书面表达写作经典句型

 

1.  There be / used to be

There is/ are…doing sth. / There are some differences between… 

2.  On the way to school, I saw sb./ sth. doing …

When I was/ did sth…., I did…

When I was/ did…I saw/ found/ heard sb./ sth. doing…/ in….

be about to do sth. when sth. happened

I was doing… when sb. did….

3.  Do sth.,  and / or you will do sth

If …do sth, sb. will do….

4.  Instead of doing sth, we will do sth. / did sth.

do/did… instead of doing …

5.  I did sth. so …./ I do sth. because…/ sb. did sth, but…

I prefer sth. / to do sth. because…

6.  Something should be done (in order) to do sth.

so…. that…

7.  Great changes have taken place in …in recent years.

8.  Doing sth. is /does…

9.  make / find / think it + adj / n. to do sth.

10.   Compared with…, sth. is more……

Compared to what it used to be…

11.   It is + adj./n (for sb.) to do sth.

12.   with +宾语+doing/done/todo, 主句结构

13.   Some people are doing…. Others are doing….

Some are doing….while others are doing….

14.   I think / believe / hope / am sure that clause.

15.   I didn’t do…. until

16.   It takes sb. to do…

17.   My suggestion is…

I suggest that sb. should do…/ I suggest sb’s. doing.

18.   Doing sth, I…

Realizing…., sb….

19.   Only then did sb….

20.   As can be seen, …

As we all know, ….

As is known to us, ….

常用句型举例

句型1.

It (so) happened(chanced) that +clause. = sb. happened /chanced to do sth. =sb.did sth. by chance.

 如: It happened that he was out when I got there. 当我到那儿时,碰巧他不在。=He happened to be out when I got there.= It chanced that he was out when I got there= He was out by chance when I got there.

句型2.

It seems that sb. do/ be doing/ have done/ had done= Sb. seems to do/ be doing/ have done/to be done/to have been done(还有动词appear等可这样使用)

如: It seemed that he had been to Beijing before.他好象以前去过北京。=He seemed to have been to Beijing before.

句型3.

It is / was+被强调的部分+that(who)+剩余的部分.

如: It wasn’t until he came back that I went to bed.直到他回来我才睡觉。(一定要注意被强调句型中的谓语动词否定的转移)。

It was because he was ill that he didn’t come to school today.只因为他有病了今天没有来上学。(只能用because而不能用for, as 或since)

It is I who am a student. 我确实是个学生。(句中am不能用are来代替。)

句型4.

It is high time (time/ about time)+ (that) 主语+should do / did+其它。(从句中的谓语动词用的是虚拟语气。)

如: It is high time that we should go / went home.我们该回家了。

句型5.

It is / was said ( reported…)+that+从句.

如: It was said that he had read this novel.据说他读过这篇小说。=He was said to have read this novel.

句型6.

It is impossible / necessary/ strange…that clause. (从句中的谓语用should+do / should have done,其形式是虚拟语气。)

如: It is strange that he should have failed in this exam.真奇怪,他这次考试没有及格。

句型7.

It is + a pity/ a shame…that clause. (注意从句中的谓语动词用should do或should have done的形式,但should可以省略。)

如: He didn’t come back until the film ended. It was a pity that he should have missed this film. 他直到电影结束才回来。他没有看到这部电影真可惜。

句型8.

It is suggested / ordered/ commanded /…that +clause. (从句的谓语动词用should do, 但should可以省略。)

如: It is suggested that the meeting should be put off.有人建议推迟会议。

句型9.

It is/was+表示地点的名词+where+从句。(注意本句不是强调句型,而是以where引导的定语从句。)

如: It was this house where I was born.请比较:It was in this house that I was born. (后一句是强调句型。)

句型10.

It is / was +表示时间的名词+when+从句。(注意本句型也不是强调句型,而是以when引导的定语从句。)

如: It was 1999 when he came back from the United States. 请比较:It was in 1999 that he came back from the United States.

句型11.

It is well-known that+从句。

如: It is well-known that she is a learned woman.众所周知,她是个知识渊博的妇女。

句型12.

It is +段时间+since+主语+did.

请比较: It was +段时间+since+主语+had done.

如:

It is five years since he left here.他已经离开这儿五年了。

It was five years since he left here.(同上)

注意下列句型的翻译:It is five years since he lived here.

他从这儿搬走已经有五年了。

句型13.

It +谓语+段时间+before+主语+谓语.( before引导的是时间状语从句。) 

如:

It wasn’t long before the people in that country rose up.没有多久那个国家的人民就起义了。

It will be three hours before he comes back.三个小时之后他才能回来。

句型14.

It is +形容词(possible, impossible, necessary等) +for+ sb.+ to do.

如: It is impossible for me to finish this work before tomorrow.我明天之前完成此工作是不可能的。

句型15.

It is +(心理品质方面的)形容词+of + sb. + to do. = 主语+ be +形容词+to do.(常用的形容词有:kind, stupid; foolish, good, wise等。)

如: It is kind of you to help me.=You are kind to help me.你真好给我提供了帮助。

句型16.

由as引导的非限定性的定语从句。

如: As we have known, he is a most good student.众所周知,他是个很好的学生。请比较:It is well-known that he is a most good student.(前一个是定语从句,而后者是个主语从句。)

句型17.

由which引导的非限定性的定语从句。

如: He is a professor, which I have been looking forward to becoming. 他是个教授,那是我一直盼望的职业。(因为先行词professor是表示职业的名词,因此引导词用which,而不用who。

句型18.

由where, when引导的定语从句(其中包括限定性的或非限定性的。)如:

This is the house where I used to come.

请比较:This is the house which / that I used to come to.

This is the day when I joined the Party.

请比较:This is the day which / that I joined the Party on.

(说明:关于that与which之间的区别,请看关系代词that和which的区别。)

句型19.

No matter what / which / who / where / when / whose+从句,+主句.(注意从句中的时态一般情况下用一般现在时态。)

如: No matter what you do, you must do it well.请比较:Whatever you do, you must do it well. 无论你做什么,一定要做好。

No matter where you go, please let me know.请比较:Wherever you go, please let me know.你无论去哪儿,请通知我。

(说明:这两种句型形式不同,而意义完全相同。)

(注意:I will tell whoever would like to read it. 句中的whoever不能用whomever来代替。因为它即作动词tell的宾语,又作后面从句的主语。)

句型20.

When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句,+主句。(从句也可以放在主句之后。)

如: As long as you give me any money, I will let you go.只要你给我一些钱,我就让你走。

Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. 一旦你开始学习英语,你应该把它学好。

句型21.

主句+unless+从句.(注意:由于unless本身是否定词,所引导的从句的谓语动词用肯定而不用否定。)

如: I will go there tomorrow unless it rains.我明天去那儿除非下雨。

句型22.

祈使句,+and/ and then+主句。(注意:祈使句也可用一个名词短语。)

如:

Use your head, and you will find a good idea.动脑筋想一想,你就会想出一个好主意。

Another word, and I will beat you.你再说一句,我就揍你。

句型23.

If +necessary / impossible/ important等,+主句.(注意:if与形容词之间的it is被省略。)

如: If necessary, I will do it. 如果有必要的话,我来做此事。

句型24.

主句+in case+从句.(in case表示以免)如:

I will take my raincoat in case it rains.我要把雨衣带上以免下雨。

句型25.

主句+due to / because of / owning to / + the fact that +从句。

如: He did not come to school because of the fact that he was ill.由于他有病了,所以没有来上学。

句型26.

When / While / As +从句,+主句.

如:

When I was in the country, I used to carry some water for you.当我在农村时,我常常给你打水。

句型27.

主句+after / before +从句. 

如: They hadn’t been married four months before they were devoiced.他们结婚不到四个月就离婚了。

We went home after we had finished the work.我们做完此工作就回家了。

句型28.

主语+肯定谓语+until+从句.请比较:主语+否定谓语+until+从句.

如:

I worked until he came back.我一直工作到他回来。

I didn’t worked until he came back.他回来我才开始工作。

句型29.

As soon as / Immediately / Directly / Instantly / The moment / The instant / The minute +从句,+主句.

如: My father went out immediately I got home.我一到家,我父亲就出去了。

句型30.

No sooner +had + 主语+done…than +主语+did. 请比较: 主语+had + no sooner +done…than +主语+did.

如: No sooner had I got to Beijing than I called you.我一到北京就给你打电话了。请比较:I had no sooner got to Beijing than I called you.

句型31.

Hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely +had +主语+done…when / before + 主语+did.

请比较:主语+had +hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely + done…when / before +主语+did.

Hardly had she had supper when she went out. 她一吃完晚饭就出去了。

请比较: She had hardly had supper when she went out.

句型32.

By the time+从句,+主句.(注意时态的变化。)

如:

By the time you came back, I had finished this book.到你回来时,我已经写完了这本书。

By the time you come back, I will have finished this book.到你回来时,我将写完这本书了。

句型33.

each / every time +从句,+主句. (这时相当于whenever 或no matter when引导的从句。从句也可放在主句之后。)

如: Each time he comes to Harbin, he always drops in on me.每当他来哈尔滨,总是顺便来看看我。

句型34.

Where +从句,+主句.

如: Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible.哪里没有雨水,种庄稼是很难的或者是不可能的。

句型35、Anywhere / Wherever+从句,+主句.

如: Anywhere I go, my wife goes too.无论我去哪儿,我的妻子也去哪儿。请比较:

I will go wherever you suggest.你建议我去哪儿,我就去哪儿。

句型36.

主句+in order that / so that +从句.

如: I got up early in order that I could catch the first bus.我起得很早,以便能赶上早班车。

句型37.

主句+for +sb. +to do.(注意动词不定式复合结构在这儿作目的状语。)

如: He came here for me to work out this problem.他来这儿叫我帮他解出这道难题。

句型38.

主句+so that+从句.

如: It was very cold, so that the river froze.天气很泠,因此河水结冰了。

句型39.

So+形容词/ 副词+特定动词(助动词或系动词)+主语+…+that+从句.

如:So interesting is this book that I would like to read it again.这本书那么有趣,我想再读一遍。

句型40.

主语+谓语+such+名词+that+从句.

如: He made such rapid progress that he was praised by the teacher.他进步很快,老师表扬了他。

句型41.

主句+only +to do sth. (only和动词不定式一起作结果状语)

如:I woke up very late only to find that my wife had gone to work. 我醒得很晚,结果发现我的妻子已经上班了。

句型42.

The +形容词比较级……,(主句)the +形容词比较级+……

如: The sooner you do it, the better it will be.越早越好。

句型43.

主语+谓语+as +形容词原级+as +被比较的对象.

如: He is as busy as a bee.他非常忙。

句型44.

主语+谓语+the+形容词比较级+of / between …

如:He is the taller of the two.他们俩人中他高。

句型45.

主语+谓语+倍数+as+形容词原级+as+被比较的对象.

如: This room is three times as large as that one.

这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。(这个房间比那个房间大两倍。)

句型46.

主语+谓语+百分数/倍数+形容词比较级+than+被比较的对象.如: This city is twice larger than ours.这个城市比我们城市大两倍。 The early rice output in that commune was 200% more than that of 2001.那个公社的早稻产量是2001年的两倍。

句型47.

主语+谓语+the size / length/ width/ height +of +被比较的对象.

如: Our building is twice the height of yours.

我们的大楼是你们大楼的两倍高。

句型48.

It doesn’t matter wh-+从句。

如: It doesn’t matter to me what you will do tomorrow.

你明天做什么与我无关。

It doesn’t matter whether you will come or not.

你来不来无关紧要。

句型49.

形容词/ 副词 / 名词(可数单数)+as / though +主语+谓语,+主句.

如:

Young as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他很小,但他知道得很多。
Hard he works, I am sure that he can’t pass this exam.

虽然他学习很努力,这次考试他肯定不能及格。

Child as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他是个孩子,但他懂得很多。

句型50.

Were / Should / Had +主语+谓语,+主句.

Were I you, I would have gone there yesterday.如果我是你的话,昨天我就去那儿了。

句型51

Only +状语+特定动词+主语+谓语…

如:Only by this means can I do this work well.

只有用那种方式我才能做好此工作。

Only because he was ill did he not come to school.

只因为他有病了才没有来上学。

Only then did I realize that I had been wrong.

只有那时,我才认识到我错了。

句型52

Not only +特定动词+主语+谓语…but also+主语+谓语…

如:Not only did he learn English well but also he spoke French very well. 他不但英语学得好,而且法语讲得很流利。

句型53

Whether…or…, neither…nor…, either…or…

如:Whether he will come or not isn’t important.

他不来不重要。

句型54

主语+doubt+whether + 从句.

请比较: 主语+特定否定词+doubt+that+从句.

如: I don’t doubt that he will come this afternoon.

我确信他下午一定能来。

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