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新疆讲座内容之一 ( 复习教学设计)

(2011-11-10 23:53:46)
标签:

教育

分类: 讲座报告

Unit 3  Senior Book 8 (人教版)

    (复习教学设计)

Step I

1)          Divide the Ss into four groups and ask them to find out the non-finite forms in the text. Then if the Ss finished , they can go to the front to write down the structure s on the blackboard.

Group One:

1. seem to have made

1.     to distinguish myself by inventing

2.     to hurt

3.     tried to do was to see

4.     seem to be powders designed to kill snakes

5.     set about researching

Group Two:

6.     Prepared with some research findings

7.     removing their habitat, attracting them into a trap using male or female perfume or food, cooling them

8.     decided to use

9.     when cooled

10.  the frozen bowl

11.  to keep it cool

12.  had to adjust

Group Three:

13.  was starting to cool

14.  returned to see the result

15.  got down to examine the snakes

16.  once picked up

17.  tried to bite me

18.  need to improve

19.   a small net used for catching fish

20.  monitored carefully

21.  proved to be no trouble

Group Four:

22.  Pressed by my friends

23.  decided to send my invention to the patent office to get recognition

24.  for the new ideas to be accepted

25.  has been made to find out

26.  whose only job is to examine

2)总结:过去分词作状语:

Prepared with some research findings

monitored carefully

Pressed by my friends

when cooled

once picked up

过去分词作定语:

seem to be powders designed to kill snakes

the frozen bowl

a small net used for catching fish

 

Step  II: 高考链接 Choose the best answers:

1.2011全国II 15The island, ____to the mainland by the bridge, is easy to go to .C

A. joining    B. to join   C. joined    D. having offered

2.(2011 天津12______ into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order(B)

ATranslating                              BTranslated    

CTo translate                              DHaving translated

3. (2011 福建 23) 23Tsinghua University,____ in 1911,is home to a great number of outstanding figures(C)

Afound               Bfounding                

Cfounded            Dto be founded

4(2011 重庆33)Micheal put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself ____ of his own dreams.(C)

A. reminding   B. to remind   C. reminded   D. remind

5.(2011四川16)  ____ an  important role in a new movieAndy has a chance to become famous. C

A. offer   B. offering  C. offered   D, To offer

6.(2011浙江14)  Even the best writers sometimes find themselves ______ for words. B)

A. lose                     B. lost                 C. to lose           D. having lost

7.(2011湖南23.) The players _______ from the whole country are expected to bring us honor in this summer game. C

 

 

A. selecting     B. to select    C. selected     D. having selected

8.(2011陕西14)Claire had luggage_______ an hour before her plane left.           D

A. check   B. checking   C. to check   D. checked

9(2011上海32)The rare fish, ___from the cooking pot, has been returned to the sea. A

A. saved   B. saving   C. to be saved  D. having saved

10.10全国I 27Mrs White showed her students some old maps ____from the library.(C)

A. to borrow   B. to be borrowed  C. borrowed  D. borrowing

11.10山东 29The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already ______ for a meal to be cooked.

A. laid         B. laying       C. to lay      D. being   laid 

12. 05江苏卷) _____ in the mountain for a week, the two students were finally saved by the local police.
A. Having lost   B. Lost   C. Being lost   D. Losing
13.
05湖南卷) ______ in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor.
A. Dressed   B. To dress   C. Dressing   D. Having dressed
14.
05福建卷) When _______ help, one often says “Thank you. ”or“ It’s kind of you.”
A. offering   B. to offer   C. to be offered   D. offered
15
.(05上海卷) ______ into use in April 2000, the hotline was meant for residents reporting water and heating supply breakdowns.
16
.(05天津卷) You should understand the traffic rule by now. You've had it_______ often enough.
A. explaining   B. to explain   C. explain   D. explained
17
(05北京卷) The prize of the game show is $30,000 and an all expenses _________ vacation to China.
A. paying   B. paid   C. to be paid   D. being paid
18
.(05湖北卷) The repairs cost a lot , but it’s money well_______.
A
to spend   Bspent   Cbeing spen  t Dspending
19
(04上海卷) The disc, digitally _______ in the studio, sounded fantastic at the party that night.
A. recorded   B. recording   C. to be recorded   D. having recorded
20.
04全国卷III It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when _______ at the meeting by my boss.
A. questioning  B. having questioned C. questioned D. to be questioned
21.
04全国卷II Helen had to shout ____above the sound of the music. A. making herself hear           B. to make herself hear
C. making herself heard          D. to make herself heard

22.2006全国) No matter how frequently ____     , the works of Beethoven still attract people all over the  world.

A. performed                       B. performing          

C. to be performed                D. being performed

23.2006全国)The murderer was brought in , with his hands ___ behind his back.

A. being tied   B .having tied   C to be tied   D. tied
keys
CBCCC   BCDCD   ABADA   DBBAC   CAD

Step III. Reviewing the grammar—past participle

1. 非谓语是高中语法中的重点和难点项目,也是高考的重点、必考点,过去分词是考查热点之一。
一、过去分词作状语(考查较多)
、弄清过去分词作状语的最基本特点,过去分词作状语表示被动的和完成的动作(不及物动词的过去分词不表示被动,只表示完成)
1___ in a hurry, this article was not so good! Written
导悟:written为过去分词作状语,表示这篇文章是被写的,而且已经被写。
2 ___better attention, the plants could grow better. Given
提醒:有些过去分词因来源于系表结构,作状语时不表被动而表主动。这样的过去分词及短语常见的有:lost(迷路);seated(坐);hidden(躲);stationed(驻扎);lost/absorbed in(沉于);born(出身于);dressed in(穿着);tired of(厌烦);devoted to(奉献于、献身于)
3___ in deep thought, he didn’t hear the sound. Lost/Absorbed
4Born in this beautiful town, he hates to leave it.Born
、明确过去分词作状语时的逻辑主语,过去分词作状语时其逻辑主语为主句的主语,此时应注意人称一致。
:1____the earth to be flat, many feared that Columbus would fall off the edge. (CET-4 1996,6)
  A. Believed  B. Believing  C. Believed  D. Being believed
  许多人与相信之间是主谓关系,及分词与主语之间为主谓关系。因此,应用现在分词,答案为B.
2He looked tired and depressed, visibly____ by the news of his mother's illness. disturbed
导悟:分词在句子中作状语,使用何种分词,要取决于分词与句子主语的关系:主谓关系用现在分词,动宾或被动关系用过去分词。
3Seen from the top of the hill, the city looks more beautiful to us.

Seeing from the top of the hill, we saw the city more beautiful .
导悟:seen为过去分词作状语,表被看,由语境可知,它的逻辑主语必须是城市,而不是我们,因为我们应主动看城市。
提醒:如果过去分词作状语时,前面再加逻辑主语,主句的主语就不再是分词的逻辑主语,这种带逻辑主语的过去分词结构实际上属于独立主格结构。
4The signal given, the bus started.信号一发出,汽车就开动了。
导悟:the signalgiven的逻辑主语,因此主句的主语the bus就不是given的逻辑主语。

、过去分词作状语的由来,过去分词作状语来源于状语从句。和-ing分词作状语一样,也可以表示时间、原因、条件、让步、方式或伴随情况等。
1Caught in a heavy rain, he was all wet. (表原因)因为淋了一场大雨,所以他全身湿透了。
导悟:caught in a heavy rain 为过去分词作原因状语,它来源于原因状语从句Because he was caught in a heavy rain.
2Accepted by the Party, he decided to devote his life to the cause of the Party. (表时间)
入党以后,他决定献身于党的事业。
3Compared with your brother, you should make greater efforts to study English.(表条件,相当于一个条件状语从句) 和你哥哥相比,你应该更加努力学习英语。
4Though warned of the storm, the farmers were still working in the fields.(=Though they had been warned….) (表让步,相当于一个though/although引导的让步状语从句)
5 Seated at the table, my father and I were talking about my job. (表方式或伴随情况)
我和父亲坐在桌子旁边讨论着我的工作问题。
特别提醒-1:状语从句改为过去分次有时还可保留连词,构成连词+过去分词结构作状语。“while ( when, once, until, if , though等连词)+过去分词结构。
Once recovered, he threw himself to work and made every effort to do it well.
When given a medical examination, you should keep calm.
特别提醒-2:过去分词作状语时,它的逻辑主语一般必须和句子的主语相一致。
例如:When asked why he came here, the boy kept silent.当那个男孩被问到为何来这里时,他沉默不语。
特别提醒-3:明确过去分词作状语的位置。
过去分词可放在主句前作句首状语,后面常用逗号隔开:也可放在主句后面,前面用逗号与主句隔开。
如;He stood there silently , moved to tears.= Moved to tears, he stood there silently.
特别提醒-4:熟悉与高考链接情况,明确高考考查重点。

特别提醒-5:考查过去分词用作形容词
  即表面上考查非谓语动词,而且四个选项也都是非谓语动词的某种形式,但命题者真正考查的却是其形容词用法——由过去分词转化来的形容词的用法。如:
  1. A good story does not necessarily have to have a happy ending but the reader must not be left_______. 2006天津卷)
  A. unsatisfied B. unsatisfying
  C. to be unsatisfyingD. being unsatisfied
  【说明】此题答案选 Aunsatisfied 在此为形容词,用作补语(主语补足语),其意为不满意的,未得到满足的。全句意为:一个好的故事不一定就需要一个喜剧性的结尾,但它必须不能让读者失望。
  2._______ and happy Tony stood up and accepted the prize. 2006全国卷)
  A. Surprising B. Surprised
  C. Being surprised D. To be surprising
  【说明】此题答案选 B。根据与之并列的形容词 happy 可知,此题应填形容词 surprisedsurprised and happy 的意思是既惊又喜

二、过去分词作表语

过去分词作表语并无完成被动之意,表示主语的感受(感情)或心理状态,主语多为人。
Don’t touch the glass because it is broken.
不要碰那个杯子,它是坏的。
He is quite pleased with the design of the dress.
她很喜欢那礼服的式样。
His response to the question was quite disappointing. I felt disappointed at his response.
提醒:过去分词作表语不要与被动语态混为一体,过去分词作表语表示主语的状态,被动语态则表示被动的动作。
如:The road is covered with fallen leaves. (表状态)
The road is covered by the fallen leaves. (
表动作)
特别提醒:过去分词和–ing分词作表语的区别:
过去分词作表语通常表示主语所处的状态或感受,而-ing分词作表语多表示主语所具有的特征,如:
Hearing the news, we felt very surprised.
听到那个消息,我们感到很惊讶
The news is very surprising.
这个消息很令人惊讶。
They were frightened to hear the frightening sound.
他们听到那可怕的声音很害怕。
At the sight of the moving scene, all the people present were moved to tears.
看到这么动人的情景,所有在场的人都感动得流下了眼泪。
英语中这样的分词还有很多,如:amusing, amused; encouraging, encouraged; disappointing, disappointed; exciting, excited; puzzling, puzzled; satisfying, satisfied; worrying, worried; tiring, tired; pleasing, pleased; interesting, interested; astonishing, astonished等。

三、过去分词作宾补
    过去分词可以在allow, ask, consider, desire, expect, feel, find, get, have, hear, imagine, keep, like, make, observe, order, permit, prefer, remember, request, require, see, urge动词等后面作宾语补足语。能用作宾语补助语的过去分词一般都完成是及物动词,表示被动意义或已意义,有时两者兼而有之。作宾语的过去分词与宾语有逻辑上的动宾关系,即宾语是过去分词动作的对象。
1 My elder brother had her wallet stolen on a train last week.
2They managed to make themselves understood using very simple English. (用于使役动词)
3We can hear the windows beaten by the heavy rain drops.(用于感官动词)
3After my encounter with her, I found myself greatly shaken.
4You should keep her informed of what is going on here. (用于表状态的动词)
-5The teacher expected the students well prepared for the examination.
  注意:在动词see, hear, feel, watch, noticeperceiveobserve, listen to, look at后既可用现在分词做补语,也可用不定式做补语。用现在分词表示动作正在进行,用不定式表示的动作的全过程已经完成。
如:*I saw Mr. White get off a bus.
  *I saw Mr. White looking into the shop window.
  *——Do you hear someone knocking at the door?
   ——Yes, I did. I heard him knock three times.
特别提醒-1 动词have后所接的三种宾语补语。
主语让别人做某事,强调主语的意志。
have somebody/something do something
不定式作补语必须省去to, 不定式动作由宾语发出,表示一次性的动作。如:The radio she had had repaired went wrong. 她请人修的收音机坏了。
表示使完成某事,可以是别人完成,也可以是自己参与完成。
We must get the work fulfilled by the end of this week.
主语遭到某种不幸或陷入恶劣的环境,说明宾语的一种无意识的被动行为。
Many people had their houses damaged in the serious typhoon
(台风).
He had his leg broken in the match last month.
他在上星期的比赛中摔断了腿。
特别提醒-2:当这类句子变成被动语态时,过去分词用作主语补语。
如:One of the glasses was found broken. 有人发现其中一个杯子破了。
They should be kept informed of the situation there.
应该让他们知道那儿的形势。
四、过去分词作定语
    过去分词作定语时,相当于一个定语从句。单个的分词通常放在被修饰的名词之前,分词短语一般置于所修饰的中心词后面。过去分词修饰承受该动作的名词(即与名词是动宾关系(现在分词修饰的是发出该动作的名词(即与名词有主谓关系)
1My parents are both retired teachers.
2We can see the part of the moon lighted by sunlight.
3As early as 1649 Ohio made a decision that free, tax-supported schools must be established in every town ____50 households or more.
A. having   B. to have  C. to have had  D. having had
导悟:答案为A。后面由现在分词做定语,而且town本身有50或以上人家,故town与分词间为主谓关系,应该用现在分词。
4Most of the students invited to the garden party(=who were invited
to the garden party) came from our school.
5The suggestion made by the foreign expert was adopted by the manager. 外国专家提出来的建议被经理采纳了。
特别提醒:过去分词和–ing分词作定语的区别:
过去分词作定语和-ing分词作定语有一定的区别。试比较下面几组短语:
boiled water
开水 boiling water正沸腾的水
developed countries
发展的国家 developing countries发展中国家
fallen leaves
落叶 falling leaves 正在飘落的叶子
changed condition
改变了的情况 changing condition变化着的情况
由此可见,过去分词作定语通常表示完成的或被动的动作;而-ing分词作定语可以表示正在进行的主动的动作。
Step IV.
再扣高考

1. _____ in the mountain for a week, the two students were finally saved by the local police.05江苏卷)
A. Having lost B. Lost C. Being lost D. Losing
2. ______ in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor.
05湖南卷)
A. Dressed B. To dress C. Dressing D. Having dressed
3. When _______ help, one often says“Thank you.”or“It’s kind of you.”
05福建卷)
A. offering B. to offer C. to be offered D. offered
4
______ into use in April 2000, the hotline was meant for residents reporting water and heating supply breakdowns. 05上海卷)
A. Put B. Putting C. Having put D. Being put
5
You should understand the traffic rule by now. You've had it_______ often enough. 05天津卷)
A. explaining B. to explain C. explain D. explained
6
The prize of the game show is $30,000 and an all expenses _________ vacation to China. (05北京卷)
A. paying B. paid C. to be paid D. being paid
7
The repairs cost a lot ,but it’s money well_______.05湖北卷)
A
to spend Bspent Cbeing spent Dspending
8
The disc, digitally _______ in the studio, sounded fantastic at the party that night. (04上海卷)
A. recorded B. recording C. to be recorded D. having recorded
9.It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when _______ at the meeting by my boss.
04全国卷III
A. questioning B. having questioned C. questioned D. to be questioned
10.Helen had to shout _______ above the sound of the music.
04全国卷II
A. making herself hear         B. to make herself hear
C. making herself heard        D. to make herself heard
Step V.
能力提高练习:

I.Multiple Choices
1.When the little child caught sight of the young woman _____ in white he started brawling immediately.
A. worn B. wearing C. dressed D. putting on
2.The author gave a detailed description _______on his personal observation of nature

A.based B.to base C.to be based D. basing
3.______ some officials, Napoleon inspected his army.
A. Followed B. Followed by C. Being followed D. Having been followed by
4.These students are quick at learning
We’ll have them in new methods
A.train B.training C.trained D.to train
5. Most of the people _______ to the party were famous scientists.
A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. inviting
6. ________ more attention, the trees could have grown better.
A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given
7. The murderer was brought in, with his hands _________ behind his back.
A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied
8. The computer center, _______ last year, is very popular among the students in this school.
A. open B. opening C. having opened D. opened
9. ________ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him.
A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose
10. The Olympic Games, _________ in 776BC, didn’t include women players until 1912.
A. first played B. to be first played C. first playing D. to be first played
11. Don’t get _________ in the rain.
A. to be caught B. catching C. to catch D. caught
12. I found a car _________ in a pool by the side of the road.
A. to be stuck B. stuck C. sticking D. stick
13. ---By the way, when did you get your bedroom _______ ? ---Last week.
A. to paint B. painted C. painting D. to be painted
14. Through the examination one of the boys in the class was found _______ by a(an)______ disease.
A. infecting; knowing B. infected; unknown
C. to be infected; to be known D. be infected; unknown
15. They found a ______ old woman _______ on the ground when the door was broken down.
A. dying, lying B. dead, lied C. death, laying D. died, lain
16. On a _____ morning the little girl was found _______ at the corner of the street.
A. freezing, freezing B. freezing, frozen C. frozen, frozen D. frozen, freezing
17. We're _________ to listen to her ________ voice. It's _________ to hear her sing.
A. pleased; pleasing; pleasure B. pleased; pleasant; a pleasure
C. pleasing; pleased; a pleasure D. pleasing; pleasant; pleasure
18. When I came home last night, I saw my little kid _______ on bed, with his whole attention ______ upon the book about Harry Porrer.
A. lying; fixing B. lay; fixed C. sitting; to fix D. seated; fixed
19. ______ from space, the earth, with water _______ seventy percent of its surface, looks like a blue ball.
A. Seen, covered B. Seen, covering C. Seeing, covering D. Seeing, covered
20. An ________and _______ crowd is awaiting the arrival of the film star.
A. excited; happy B. exciting; happy C. exciting; happily D. excitedly; happily
keys: 1---5 C A B C A 6---10 A D D C A 11—15 D B D B A 16---20 B B B B A
II
Filling in the blanks:
1.The _______situation of the chess game really ________ every member in the game-watching room. (confuse)
2.________( determine) to train his son in English, he put an ad like this in the paper, “ _______(want) an English teacher for a twelve-year-old boy. ”
3.With his finger_______(point) to the ________(break) window, the teacher asked: “Who did that?”
4. I was fortunate to pick up a wallet _______(lie) on the ground on the way home , but unfortunately for me , I found my colour TV set _______(steal) when I got home .
5. Mrs White was glad to see the nurse ____ after her son and her daughter and was also pleased to see children well ____ care of in the nursery
6.Though _______(lack) money, he managed to have his own company _______ (start).
7.________(accuse) of taking bribes, he was sentenced to death.
8. She felt rather that she heard such a news. (delight)
9.Jack’s umbrella requires _______, but he didn’t get it soon enough at John’s, for John had a lot of umbrellas______ at the time. (repair)
10. _______ (remind) of the matter many times, Tom was still _________(puzzle) about it.
填空答案:
1.confusing; confused
2.Determined; Wanted
3.pointing; broken
4. lying ; stolen
5. looking ; taken
6.lacking; started
7.Accused
8.delighted; delighting
9. repairing; repaired, to repair
10.Reminded; puzzled
Step VI.
书面表达(用含有分词短语的句子不少于3)

假如你是李华,你写了一封Email,把你的第一次新疆之行告诉了你的美国朋友Tom,并邀请他在适当的时候来参观美丽的新疆。

主要内容应包含以下要点:

1.          忙于准备行装

2.          机场遇20年未见的朋友时的心情

3.          飞机往下看到的情景

4.    被新疆人民的热情所感染,决定多呆几天结识更多朋友。

My First Trip to Xinjiang

Dear Tom,

How is everything going? I’d like to tell you something interesting when I visited Xinjiang ,a place you are dreaming of.

Preparing for the trip to Xinjiang I was busy these days. It being  my first time to Xinjiang, I was excited. After arriving at the airport, I was astonished to meet one of my friends I haven’t seen for 20 years. Delighted by the meeting , we were talking for a long time until the flight was going to take off. Seen from the airplane, the beautiful clouds were like all kinds of animals. Deeply infected by the friendly people after I got to Xinjiang, I decided to stay for a couple of days and got to know more people .

   Time permitting, you are welcome to paid a visit to Xinjiang.

                                               Yours,

                                               Li Hua

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