One in three women around the world is subjected to physical, sexual or some other form of violence during her lifetime.
The violence can be physical, psychological or sexual. It includes human trafficking, forced marriages, genital mutilation and rape as a weapon of war. For women aged 15-44, rape and violence in the home are believed to be a greater risk factor than road traffic accidents, war and malaria combined.
Cause of Death: Woman is an investigative report on violence against women. Between 2010 and 2012 we examined the situation in ten countries. In each country we met women who had survived violence and people working for change. With the help of relatives we were also able to tell the story of a woman who had been killed. You can see the result atwww.causeofdeathwoman.com, where you will find 150 articles from all over the world. You can also download course material and a Do-It-Yourself exhibition.
The project is the work of photojournalist Linda Forsell and journalists Karin Alfredsson and Kerstin Weigl together with the Swedish Association of Women’s Shelters and Young Women’s Empowerment Centres, SKR. Funding was received from, among others, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and the Sigrid Rausing Trust.
本项目由摄影记者Linda Forsell、记者Karin Alfredsson及Kerstin Weigl，联同瑞典妇女庇护协会及SKR年青妇女赋权中心携手进行。经费来自瑞典国际发展合作办事处 (Sida)及Sigrid Rausing基金会等团体。
The countries which are included in the project are the US, South Africa, Egypt, Sweden, Pakistan, Mexico, Brazil, Congo, Spain and Russia.
1. Ciudad Juarez, Mexico墨西哥·华雷斯城
Each pink cross marks the spot where a dead woman has been found. They can be seen all
over Ciudad Juarez in Mexico. In the city titled the murder capital of the world murders of
women have been extraordinarily brutal. Often they are found molested with their breast torn
off and barbarically raped, after a time of abduction.
2. Cordoba, Spain西班牙·科尔多瓦市
"A year ago, I decided that I didn’t want to go on living. It was summer and he’d broken a finger when he hit me, a hard blow to my leg. I’d started longing for Mondays, because the weekends were terrible, the way he was behaving. He said I’d slept with half of Cordoba, both men and women. That I was worthless. He only wanted sex to have a son, but I was very careful not to get pregnant." Susana is glad that she has managed to leave her abusive husband, but she says that she still loves him.
3.. Maryland, USA美国·马里兰州
The police in Maryland make a preliminary hearing of a woman who has been abused
by her husband. Her ankle is sprained and she is agitated. The questioning follows the
standard Lethality Assessment Protocol designed in Maryland.
4. Johannesburg, South Africa南非·约翰内斯堡市
The first time Elizabeth’s boyfriend beat her she was 16. The following day she said she was
sorry: “Please forgive me for making you beat me.” During her childhood, Elizabeth moved
around between her mother, her grandmother and a number of children’s homes. Her
boyfriend said: “You’re a dog. How can you expect anyone to love you when even your own
5. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil巴西·里约热内卢市
Joseane's ex-boyfriend and murderer has been found guilty in his absence and is wanted. "I will never get over her death. Never." says her mother Fatima.
6. Borlänge, Sweden瑞典·博尔冷格
Carina used her mobile phone to take pictures of her broken face. Even though she reported the assault several months later, the evidence – the photographs and the doctor’s certificate - was enough. Her face was fractured in five places. Her ex-husband was sentenced to six months’ imprisonment for serious violation of a woman’s integrity. It was the third time he had been convicted of assaulting her.
7. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil巴西·里约热内卢市
Rosangela says she has survived twice and is happy to show us her scars. First when her husband threw petrol over her and set her alight – and then the negligence at the hospital. No-one expected her to survive the burns, and they did not even change her bandages, but Rosangela had made her mind up: she wanted to live. Now she travels around and gives talks on violence against women. She has been given a new purpose in life.
8. Eastern Congo刚果东部
All of these women were raped in attacks by the militia, in eastern Congo. Statistics is very
hard to find or make in this region, but in some villages up to 70 percent of the women claim
to have been subjected to rape. They have nowhere to go and can only hope that the violence
9. Lahore, Pakistan巴基斯坦·拉合尔市
Akhtar was married to Muhammed for 17 years and they have six children. Muhammed beat
her constantly, but because Akhtar’s older sister was divorced, and her three younger sisters
were still unmarried, she could not destroy her family’s reputation and her sisters’ chances of
marriage by leaving her husband. But when her oldest son also started beating his mother,
Akhtar gave up.
10. Lahore, Pakistan巴基斯坦·拉合尔市
At the Dastak women’s shelter in Lahore (Dastak means ‘knock’ in Urdu), there are also moments of happiness and togetherness. The women have fled from an immediate danger, and most of them will face serious problems when they leave the shelter, but right now, here and with each other, they can find a reason to laugh.
11. El Minya, Egypt埃及·厄尔尼诺明亚市
Nine out of ten girls in Egypt are circumcised in areas where the tradition is strong – but it has also proved possible to change the way people think. The custom has nothing to do with religion, and education campaigns have led to a fall in the number of circumcisions in the villages. In this village, only one girl in ten is circumcised. “They said we were being circumcised to maintain our modesty, but that’s not true, it just makes us frightened,” say the girls.
12. Johannesburg, South Africa南非·约翰内斯堡市
Blessing was only three years old the first time she was sexually abused. She has been raped
many times since she grew up. Her daughter is the result of a gang rape. Blessing has found it
difficult to love her child, but thanks to the support from the women’s shelter she is
beginning to feel more hopeful about the future. She is unable to look into the camera, but is
determined to tell her story.
13. Rostov Don, Russia俄罗斯·罗斯托夫唐市
Svetlana is in the midst of divorce proceedings but has to remain in the apartment with the man who beats her and frightens the children. She has nowhere to go because of the extreme housing scarcity in Russia. The town of Rostov Don where she lives declined the offer of state aid to open a shelter for abused women, on the grounds that it is not necessary.
The authorities claim that the problem of violence against women does not exist.
14. Johannesburg, South Africa 南非·约翰内斯堡市
Parents and relatives of raped girls meet in group therapy at the same time as their children,
at the Teddybear Clinic in Johannesburg. They talk about how to handle the
situation and how to talk to their sexually abused children.
15. Bahawalpur, Pakistan巴基斯坦·巴哈瓦尔布尔市
It is 20 years since Gulnaz’ cousin threw acid at her. He wanted her, and when she married
someone else he took his revenge. Everyone knew it was him, and he was sent to prison, but
after six months he was out again. Gulnaz is still being treated by the city’s plastic surgeon,
and step by step she is becoming more beautiful.
16. KwaThema, South Africa南非·瓜提马镇
Jents is a lesbian who lives in the township of KwaThema outside Johannesburg. One evening she was attacked by two men. They raped her and beat her unconscious with bricks. Jents is one of many homosexual women who have been subjected to ‘corrective’ rapes. The rapists say that they will show the lesbians “what it is like to be with a real man.”
17. Cairo, Egypt埃及·开罗
“I’d decided to take the train to Cairo to get a job and earn a lot of money, but as soon as I
got to the railway station I was assaulted by some boys.” Martha is a street child in Cairo,
Egypt. She is now pregnant and can’t find the boy who made her pregnant.
18. Bukavo, Eastern Congo刚果东部·布卡夫
We met Nyota at a police station. Soon we realize that her rape is very recent, she cannot sit because of pain. Since the police wants payment to take her to the hospital we decide to take them in our cab. Nyabisepela goes with her 14-year-old daughter. The rape went on for a whole night, her body was violated and afterwards the rapist’s family tried to pay for the “damage” and hush it all up. Nyabisepela refused and took her daughter to the police. Now the girl will be examined. She may be pregnant. Or infected with HIV.
19. Lahore, Pakistan 巴基斯坦·拉合尔市
The woman at the hospital says it was an accident, an explosion in the kitchen. “It can’t have
been,” says our interpreter. “If it was, she would have been at the hospital with her husband,
mother-in-law or one of her sisters-in-law. That’s the family she lives in. But she came with
her own mother. This was most likely attempted murder, by her husband or parents-in-law.”
Women’s groups in Pakistan count ‘stove burnings’ as a form of violence against women.
20. Hartford, USA美国·哈特福德市
Nicole has lived a hard life, with drug abuse, mental illness and many
violent relationships. Now she has decided to deal with her life – not just to survive, but to
start to thrive. “My abusers will win if I don’t make something of my life.”