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HIKI WAZA高速翻译版本-----------------------------

(2011-06-20 14:44:33)
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杂谈

In kendo, hiki waza are techniques performed going backwards. Usually they are performed from the position called tsubazeriai.


在剑道中,退击技是一种后退的技术,通常,它被运用在交锷时。


Hiki waza need to be practiced to be really understood, but there are a few simple ideas that can help you to perform hiki waza more easily.


退击技需要通过练习来被真正的理解,但是,这里有一些小技巧可以帮助你更容易掌握退击

 

What hiki waza are there?


退击技有哪些?

 

There are basically three kinds of hiki waza:


有三种基本形式:退击面,退击手,退击腹。


1. hiki-men,
2. hiki-kote
3. hiki-do

When to perform hiki waza


退击技的时机?


Hiki waza must be performed when you are at a distance that is too close to be able to cut with the monouchi (top one third) of the shinai's blade.


退击技一定在你和对手太近以至于不能用竹剑的物打部分打击对方时运用。

 

Usually this means when you are close enough for your kote and your opponent's kote to touch.


通常,这意味着你和对手近至kote与kote相碰的状态。


Hiki waza cannot be performed if you have moved forward towards your opponent in order to close distance and attack.


当你向前移动,为了缩短与对手的距离,并进行攻击时,你不能使用退击。


In other words you can't run in, attack and run back out again.


换言之,你不能跃进打击然后又向后跃出。


If you run in, you follow through forward. If you are already in, you may cut and retreat.


如果你跃进了,你必须继续向前。但如果,你已经处在可以打击的距离上,你可以打击并后撤。

 

Basic pointers on how to perform hiki waza


关于如何进行退击的基本的指导

 

Hiki waza should be performed with a single step backwards.


进行退击时有一个特殊的向后的步骤。


This step can either be a fumikomiashi (stamping step) or suriashi (sliding step).


这步可以用踏足的步伐也可以用滑步进行。


Beginners in particular should start by using suriashi.


初学者在练习时应当从用滑步开始。


Experienced kendoka who are having trouble with correct striking distance should return to using suriashi as well, so as to fix their retreating movement.


有经验者,如果对正确的打击距离有疑惑时,也可以用滑步进行练习,以修正自身的后退动作。


Ideally, hiki waza should be performed with as straight a posture as possible.


理想的退击技需要尽可能保持一个“正”的姿态


This helps with accuracy of the cut, especially for hiki-kote, and with overall body timing and movement (that is, getting everything to happen at once) and zanshin (following through).


这种姿态能够使我们打出精确的一击(特别是退击kote),保持气剑体一致以及残心的正确。


 Zanshin is performed moving backwards, away from the opponent.


退击的残心是向后的,即向后远离对手。


As with kihon waza, you should keep the finishing position of the cut after hiki waza as you retreat. Then at a safe difference return to chudan no kamae.


像基本技一样,打击动作完成以后,你必须保持完成的动作做残心,对于退击技来说,你也必须保持完成动作后撤。直到一个安全的时机,然后转变成中段构。


The one exception to this is where, after a small, fast hiki men, it is acceptable to lift the sword into a furikaburi position. This is where the sword is held straight up above the head at a 45 degree angle.


有一个例外,既是打完退击面以后,将竹刀举起至furikaburi的位置是可接受的。这个位置即剑直直的举过头顶,并保持45度角。

 

Seme for hiki waza
退击中的攻(seme)

 

Like all techniques in kendo, opportunities don't just happen, you need to create them, using seme.
像剑道中所有的技巧一样,机会是不会自己出现的。你需要用seme来创造机会。


Seme for hiki waza is created using both your hands and the movement of your body while still in tsubazeriai.
退击技中的seme是通过在交锷时,运用你的双手以及你身体的位置变换来创造的。


This is a situation in kendo where circular movements become as important as straight ones.
在退击的攻防中,画圆的动作变得与直线动作一样重要。


To create an opening from tsubazeriai you need to combine both the pressure of your hands on your opponent's hands as well as the rotation of your body from the hips to create a new chushin (centre-line).
为了从交锷中创造有利的打击空隙,你需要运用你的手向对手施加压力以及你的臀部带动身体旋转变换中线位置来创造机会。


Prior to attempting hiki-waza, try to brush aside your opponent's sword by controlling their hands.
可以通过控制对方的手以将对方竹剑扫向一边的尝试来退击。


You can also push down to induce a counter-movement, e.g. push down on their hands, when you release their hands will naturally spring up a little showing an opening for hiki-do.
你也可以通过推压对方的手以引起对手反向动作来打击。例如,下压对方的手,当你松开时,对手会自然的向上抬起,同时露出了可以打退击do的空隙。

 

In fact there is almost as much variety in these shikake (attacking) openings for hiki waza as there are for kihon waza going forwards.
事实上,与向前打击的基本技相同,有许多方法可以使对手露出空隙来进行退击。


As Musashi might say, you should practice this well!

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