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Lesson 141:Sally's first train ride

(2011-09-22 19:34:35)
标签:

lesson

141

裕兴

新概念第一册

课文生词

讲解

教育

分类: 课件集中营

Lesson 141:Sally's first train ride  萨莉第一交乘火车旅行

 

‘红塔山’

Listen to the tape then answer this question. Why was the mother embarrassed?

听录音,然后回答问题。为什么母亲感到尴尬?

 

    Last week, my four-year-old daughter, Sally, was invited to a children's party. I decided to take her by train. Sally was very excited because she had never travelled on a train before. She sat near the window and asked questions about everything she saw. Suddenly, a middle-aged lady got on the train and sat opposite Sally. 'Hello, little girl,' she said. Sally did not answer, but looked at her curiously. The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat. After the train had left the station, the lady opened her handbag and took out her powder compact. She then began to make up her face. 'Why are you doing that?' Sally asked. 'To make myself beautiful,' the lady answered. She put away her compact and smiled kindly. 'But you are still ugly,' Sally said. Sally was amused, but I was very embarrassed!

 

New Word and expressions 生词和短语

 

1. excited [ik'saitid] adj. 兴奋的

2. get on 登上

3. middle-aged ['midl'eidʒd] adj. 中年的

4. opposite ['ɔpəzit, -sit] prep.在……对面

5. curiously ['kjuəriəsli] adv.好奇地

6. funny ['fʌni]  adj. 可笑的,滑稽的

7. powder ['paudə] n.   香粉

8. compact [kəm'pækt, 'kɔmpækt] n.小粉盒、带镜的化妆盒

9. kindly ['kaindli] adv. 和蔼地

10.ugly ['ʌɡli]  adj. 丑陋的

11.amused [ə'mju:zd] adj. 有趣的

12.smile [smail] v.   微笑

13.embarrassed [im'bærəst] adj. 尴尬

 

【生词讲解】

1.  excited [ik'saitid] adj. 兴奋的(经常用来形容人)

用来形容物经常用exciting adj. 使人兴奋的,刺激的

excited people 激动的人们

an exciting book 非常有趣的书

an exciting moment 兴奋的时刻

 

2.  get on 登上

1)    登上(火车、公共汽车),骑上(自行车、马)

反义词:get off

get in 上小汽车

反义词: get out of

2) 应付,过日子

eg. I am afraid I didnt get on very well in the exam.

   我这次考试恐怕不太顺利。(应付

3)把……穿上,盖上

get your coat on 请穿上外套

get off 脱下,取下,拿开

 

3.  middle-aged ['midl'eidʒd] adj. 中年的(40~60岁)

kind-hearted

形容词+名词+ed 例: kind-hearted好心的

数词+名词(单数)+形容词例three-year-old

he is a 3-year-old boy

 

4. opposite ['ɔpəzit, -sit] prep.在……对面

1) prep. 在……对面

eg. The store is opposite the station.

   那家商店在车站的对面。

eg. The waitress stood opposite me.

   那位女服务员站在我的对面。

2) adj. (位置)对面的;(立场,性质等)相反的,反对的

opposite to 在……对面

eg. He stood on the opposite side of the street.

   他站在那条街的对面。

eg. They walked away in opposite directions.

   他们分别向相反的方向走去

eg. We took seats opposite to the directors.

   我们坐在董事们的对面。

eg. Our office building is opposite to the bank.

   我们办公大楼在银行对面。

eg. He and I are on opposite sides in this debate.

   在这场辨认里,他和我站在相对 的立场。

eg. Her views and mine are completely opposite.

   他的看法和我的看法完全相反。

3) n. 相反的事物

the opposite of

eg. What is the opposite of big?

   “大”的反义词是什么?

 

5. curiously ['kjuəriəsli] adv.好奇地

1) adv. 好奇地

eg. Stop looking around so curiously.

   不要那么好奇地东张西望。

eg. She looked at me curously.

   她好奇地看着我。

2) adv. 过于好奇地、奇怪地

eg.She curiously opened the letter addressed to her husband.

她抑制不住好奇心,拆开了别人写给她丈夫的信。

eg. Curiously enough, he seems to have known what we would do next.

   说来奇怪,他似乎已经知道我们下一步怎么做。

curious adj. 好奇的,强烈的

curious eyes  好奇的眼神

eg. Children are naturally curious about everything around them.

   小孩子对周围的事情感到好奇是很自然的。

be curious about sth.

be curious to do sth. 极想……

eg. Im curious to know what is written in his letter.

   我极想知道他在信中写什么。

 

6. funny ['fʌni]  adj. 可笑的,滑稽的

1) adj. 可笑的,滑稽的

同义词 : interesting

a funny story 有趣的故事

a funny fellow (说话诙谐的)有趣的家伙

eg. Whats so funny about that joke?

   那个笑话有什么好笑的?

2)adj. 奇怪的

eg. Its funny that he said such a thing.

   很奇怪他竟然说出这种话。

 

7. powder ['paudə] n.   香粉

baby powder 婴儿爽身粉

gun powder 火药

milk powder 奶粉

soap powder 肥皂粉

 

8. compact [kəm'pækt, 'kɔmpækt] n.小粉盒、带镜的化妆盒

 

9. kindly ['kaindli] adv. 和蔼地

eg. He treated me kindly .

   他对我亲切。

eg. Speak kindly to little children.

   对小孩子说话要温和。

eg. He kindly drove me home.

   他好心地开车送我回家。

take kindly to(prep.)  欣然接受;容易地适应(通常用于疑问句、否定句)

eg. He didnt take kindly to working for a female boss.

   他不喜欢为女老板工作。

 

10.ugly ['ʌɡli]  adj. 丑陋的

1) 丑陋的,难看的

an ugly face 难看的脸

eg. A witch always looks ugly in fairy tales.

形容女性的容貌“难看”时用plain

ugly 一词宜避免使用

2) 不愉快的、讨厌的

ugly rumors  难听的谣言

ugly smell 讨厌的气味

3) 不稳定的、危险的

an ugly situation  险恶的形势

eg. The sky looks ugly.

   天气看上去不怎么样。

 

11.amused [ə'mju:zd] adj. 有趣的,表示(人、表情等)愉快的

eg. He had an amused look on his face.

   他的脸上露出愉快的表情。

amusing adj. 好笑的、好玩的、有趣的

同义词interesting

an amusing game 有趣的游戏

amuse vt. 使(某人)快乐,逗乐

be amused to do sth. 做……取乐

eg. I was amused to see the seal perform its tricks.

   我被海豹的特技表演给逗乐了。

 

12.smile [smail] v.   微笑

1) v. 微笑

eg. He smiled warmly .

   他亲切地微笑。

eg. The speaker smiled at the audience.

   演讲人对听众微笑。

eg. The two girls stood there smiling at the camera.

   那两个女孩站在那里对着相机微笑。

2) n. 微笑,笑容

force a smile 强颜作笑

wear a smile 面带微笑

a sickly smile 苦笑

be all smiles 满面微笑

with a smile 微笑地,带着笑容

 

13.embarrassed [im'bærəst] adj. 尴尬 ,窘迫的,觉得不好意思的

feel embarrassed 感觉不好意思

eg. He felt so embarrassed at that moment. 他在那一刻感觉很尴尬。

The girl was very embarrassed to speak in front of so many strangers.

这个女孩在许多陌生人面前说话时感到紧张。

embarrassing adj. 令人尴尬的,令人困惑的

an embarrassing question 一个令人尴尬的问题

embarrass vt. 使人窘迫,使人为难,使人不好意思

eg. Making speeches in public always embarrasses me.

   在众人面前演说时,我觉得慌张困窘。

eg. Dont embarrass them with personal quesitons.

   不要问隐私方面的问题让他们觉得不好意思。

 

【课文讲解】

1. Last week, my four-year-old daughter, Sally, was invited to a children's party.

1) 这篇短文讲的是作者与女儿坐火车旅行的一次经历。开往用的是last week, 确定了文章的基本时态为一般过去时。

2four-year-old 合成形容词,其中名词必须用单数形式。

an 800-metre-long bridge

一座 800长的桥

a three-storey house

一座三层高的房屋

a 200-metre-high building

一座两百米高的建筑

其它的合成形容词

One-child  独生子的

two-faced 两面的

good-looking 好看的

well-dressed  衣冠楚楚的

English-speaking  说英语的

hand-made  手工制作的

ice-cold   冰冷的

X-ray  X光的

3was invited to 被邀请去,被动语态

 

2. I decided to take her by train.

= I decided to take her to the party by train.

decide 决定

decide to do sth.  决定做某事

eg. I’ve decided to pick up German.

   我决定开始学习德语。

take

eg. Country road, take me home.

  (John Denver, 《乡村路》中的歌词)

eg. Be sure to take some money with you when you go out.

   你出去时要确定带了些钱。

 

3. Sally was very *excited because she had never travelled on a train before.

excited 分词形容词,“激动的”

exciting 令人激动的

exciting news 令人激动的消息

interested 感兴趣的(说明人)

eg. I am interested in the film.

interesting 有趣的,令人感兴趣的(说明物)

eg. This is an interesting film.

  这是一部非常有趣的电影。

because 连词,引导原因状语从句

eg. I won’t do it, because I don’t like it.

   我不干, 因为我不喜欢。

on a train = by train

 

4 She sat near the window and asked questions about everything she saw.

1) ask questions about 对……提出问题

2) everything she saw = everything that she saw

  她所看到的情况(只能用that 的情况)

 

5. Suddenly, a *middle-aged lady *got on the train and sat *opposite Sally.

middle-aged 形容词+名词-ed 构成形容词,相当于with介词短语。

a-long-faced man = a man with a long face

一个长脸的人

a big-eyed girl = a girl with big eyes

一个大眼睛的女孩

a three-legged chair = a chair with three legs.

一条三条腿的椅子

get on the train = get into the train 上火车

get off the train  下火车

opposite prep. 在……对面

 

6. 'Hello, little girl,' she said. Sally did not answer, but looked at her *curiously.

 

7. The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, *funny hat.

be dressed in 穿着……

= wear/ have on

eg. In those years, everyone was dressed in blue or green.

   在那个年代,人人都穿蓝色或绿色的衣服。

 

8. After the train had left the station, the lady opened her handbag and took to her *powder compact.

1) after, 连词,引起时间状语从句。

2) had left 过去完成时,说明leave 的动作是发生在另一动作open 之前

3) take out 拿出、取出

=bring out

 

9.  She then began to make up her face.

make up 化妆打扮

eg. She is still making up.

   她还在梳妆打扮。

eg. The actors were making up when we arrived.

   当我们到达时,演员们还在化妆。

 

10 .'Why are you doing that?' Sally asked.

doing  that=  why are you making up your face

 

11.'To make myself beautiful,' the lady answered.

to make myself beautiful 不定式短语作状语,说明make up her face (打扮)之目的。

 

12.She put away her compact and *smiled *kindly.

put away 放在一边,收起来。

eg. He put his books away, stood and left.

  他收好书起身走了。

 

13.'But you are still *ugly,' Sally said.

 

14.Sally was *amused, but I was very *embarrassed!

amused 分词形容词,高兴快乐的,开心的,有趣的(形容人)

amusing 有趣的,令人开心的(形容事物)

embarrassed分词形容词,尴尬的、窘迫的(形容人)

embarrassing 令人尴尬的,令人难堪的(形容事物)

 

Q: Why was the mother embarrassed?

A: Because her daughter said something embarrassing.

 

1 How old is Sally?

2 Why did Sally's mother decide to take her by train?

3 Where did Sally sit?

4 Who got on the train?

5 How was the lady dressed?

6 What did the lady do?

7 Why did the lady make up her face?

8 Did Sally think the lady was beautiful?

 

Answer :

1Sally is four-year-old girl. 莎莉四岁。

2Because Sally had never traveled on a train before. 因为莎莉从没坐过火车。

3She sat near the window. 她靠车窗坐着。

4A middle-aged lady got on the train. 一个中年妇女上了火车。

5The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat. 那位妇女穿着一件蓝色的大衣,戴着一顶大而滑稽的帽子。

6She opened her handbag and took out her powder compact. Then she began to make up her face. 那位妇女打开了手提包,拿出了粉盒,然后开始打扮起她的脸。

7Because she wanted to make herself beautiful. 因为她想使自己变的漂亮。

8No, she didn’t. 不,她没有。

 

 

复习

1.       一般过去式

2.       宾语从句

 

Lesson 142  Someone invited Sally to a party. 有人邀请萨莉出席一个聚会。

Sally was invited to a party. 萨莉应邀出席一个聚会。

一、单词

worried /'wʌrid/ adj.担心,担忧

worried adj. 烦恼的,焦虑的,担心的

    a worried look  担心的神色

feeling worried  感到焦虑;烦恼不断

feel worried  感到忧虑

worried about  担心;自找烦恼

eg. Shes worried that she might lose her job soon.

她担心也许很快她就会丢掉她现在的工作。

 worriless adj. 无忧无虑的,没有烦恼的

worrying adj. 使人烦恼的,令人担心的

worried sb. 使(某人)担心,使烦恼

worry for 缠着(某人)要……

worry to do  缠着(某人)做……

 

regularly ['reɡjələli] adv.经常地,定期地

eg. He comes here regularly every FriDay. 他每星期五固定来这里一趟。

  regularly meeting  定期集会 (例会)

a regularly customer 老顾客

  drive at a regular speed 以稳定的速度行驶

  a person with regular habits 生活有规律的人

 

 

【语法讲解】

被动语态

英语动词有主动语态和被动语态之分。在主动句中,动词的主语是执行动作的人或物。在被动句中,主语是动作的承受者。

英语中表达感情的动词通常可用于被动式,这些动词如amuseembarrassworrysurpriseinterestupset等。

被动语态的构成:be+过去分词;过去分词不一定指过去,时态与be动词有关:

一般现在时:主+am/is/are+动词的过去分词

eg. The car is repaired by my brother regularly.

一般过去时:主+was/were+动词的过去分词

eg. She was dressed in red.

     现在进行时:主+am/is/are+being+动词过去分词

eg. The car is being repaired by them.

现在完成时:主+have/has+been+动词过去分词

eg. The house has been built by them.

一般将来时:主+will+be+动词原形

eg. The thief will be caught by the policeman soon.

过去进行时:主+was/were+being+动词的过去分词

eg. The house was being built by them at this time last year.

过去完成时:主+had+been+动词过去分词

eg. They project had been finished by the end of last year.

     情态动词:情态动词+be+动词过去式

eg. The work must be finished before five o’clock.

英语中表达感情的动词通常可用于被动式,这些动词如amuseembarrasworrysurpriseinterestupset等。

 eg. She is embarrassed.

eg. They were worried.

 

【课后练习】(被动语态)

B Answer these questions.

用主动语态和被动语态两种形式来回答以下问题。

Examples

Does anyone ever open this window?

Someone opens it regularly.

It is opened regularly.

 

Does anyone ever open these windows?

Someone opens them regularly.

They are opened regularly.

 

1 Does anyone ever air this room?

2 Does anyone ever clean these rooms?

3 Does anyone ever empty this basket?

4 Does anyone ever sharpen this knife?

5 Does anyone ever turn on these taps?

6 Does anyone ever water these flowers?

7 Does anyone ever repair this car?

8 Does anyone ever dust this cupboard?

9 Does anyone ever correct these exercise books?

10 Does anyone ever shut this window?

 

 

C Answer these questions.

模仿例句回答以下问题。

Examples

Did anyone open this window?

Someone opened it.

It was opened this morning.

Did anyone open these windows?

 

Someone opened them.

They were opened this morning.

 

 

1 Did anyone water these flowers?

2 Did anyone repair this car?

3 Did anyone dust this cupboard?

4 Did anyone correct these exercise books?5 Did anyone shut this window?

6 Did anyone buy these models?

7 Did anyone sweep this floor?

8 Did anyone take them to school?

9 Did anyone meet them at the station?

10 Did anyone tell them?

 

Answer :

B

1Someone airs it regularly. It is aired regularly.

2Someone cleans them regularly. They are cleaned regularly.

3Someone empties it regularly. It is emptied regularly.

4Someone sharpens it regularly. It is sharpened regularly.

5Someone turns them on regularly. They are turned on regularly.

6Someone waters them regularly. They are watered regularly.

7Someone repairs it regularly. It is repaired regularly.

8Someone dusts it regularly. It is dusted regularly.

9Someone corrects them regularly. They are corrected regularly.

10Someone shuts it regularly. It is shut regularly.

C

1Someone watered them. They were watered this morning.

2Someone repaired it. I t was repaired this morning.

3Someone dusted it. It was dusted his morning.

4Someone corrected them. They were corrected this morning.

5Someone shut it. It was shut this morning.

6Someone bought them. They were bought this morning.

7Someone swept it. It was swept this morning.

8Someone took them to school. They were taken to school this morning.

9Someone met them at the station. They were met at the station this morning.

10Someone told them. They were told this morning.

 

【参考译文】

 

    上周,我4岁的女儿萨莉被邀请去参加一个儿童聚会。我决定带她乘火车去。萨莉非常激动,因为她从未乘过火车。她靠车窗坐着,对她所看到的一切都要问个明白。突然,一个中年妇女上了火车,坐在萨莉的对面。“你好,小姑娘,”她说。萨莉没回答,却好奇地看着她。那位妇女穿着一件蓝色的大衣,戴着一顶大而滑稽的帽子。火车开出车站后,那位妇女找开了手提包,拿出了粉盒。然后她开始打扮起来。“你为什么要那样做呢?”萨莉问。“为了把自己打扮漂亮啊,”那位妇女答道。她放好了粉盒,慈祥地微笑着。“可是你仍然难看呀,”萨莉说。萨莉感到很有趣,而我却很尴尬。

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