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book3-unit1-单元测试语言点复习

(2012-02-28 15:13:29)
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杂谈

分类: 课堂教学资料-book3

Language Points of Unit 1 Text A

1.     in sb’s league/in the same league with sb=at the same level of excellence

He plays the piano very well, and I am just not in his league.

Cf. in league with =in connection with, esp. sth. illegal or immoral

   The terrible crimes that man has committed put him in league with the devil.

2.     get by =have just enough 刚够,过得去

The retired can hardly get by on their pensions. 

3.     frustration with sth/sb

the frustration with my poor classroom performance last term

4.     haul =carry a load, esp with a rope

Elephants haul timber.

Trucks haul sand to build a new road.

haul a boat up the beach

   Cf. drag sb out of the room

      draw/pull

      tow a car

5.     supplement

supplement his income by taking a night job

supplement one’s diet with vitamin pills

vitamin supplements

a supplement to wages 补贴

supplementary

6.     chores =boring but necessary act

do household chores

7.     freelance

She is a writer who freelances for several health magazines. 做自由撰稿人

He is a freelance artist/journalist/photographer. 自由艺术家/

8.     pursue

pursue enemy/girls/foxes/a criminal =chase after

pursue knowledge /lofty goal /fame

pursue one’s study

N. pursuit

  in pursuit of

9.     oversee =supervise

She oversees both the research and the manufacturing.

10.   stack

a stack of newspapers/money 一叠

stack the boxes垛起来

11.   virtuous, virtue

A virtuous person does not tell lies. 正人君子

a man of great virtue 品德高尚

That new medicine has the virtue of being inexpensive.

12.   blast

A bomb blasted a hole in the road.

You can hear the blast for miles.

the blast-off of a rocket

13.   on balance = on the whole

14.   illustrate

The history book was illustrated with many maps and photographs. 有插图

The teacher illustrated the history lesson by telling a story about George Washington. 举例

illustrate one’s point 阐述

15.   boundary

the boundary between the two countries 边界

Some things are beyond the boundaries of human understanding.范围,界限

within the boundary 界内

16.   generate

generate heat/electricity/steam

generate hatred/ prejudice/ misunderstanding

generate profits

17.   when it comes to 而论

He is an expert in IT, but when it comes to running a business, he knows little.

18.   be stuck with sth 无法摆脱

I bought a used car that does not run very well, and now I’m stuck with it.

Cf. be stuck on sb

   Mike is really stuck on that girl. 迷恋

   I’m stuck on this problem; I can’t figure it out. 被卡住 

19.   catastrophe =a great disaster

Strong earthquakes are catastrophes that kill thousands of people.

The company lost its biggest customer and that was a catastrophe for its future.

20.   set aside

set aside money for emergency

set aside two hours for vocabulary learning every day

21.   patron, patronize

a cinema /bar patron 常客;赞助人

I’ll never patronize that shop again. 光顾

22.   solitude 独居;独处;幽静

find solitude in a quiet forest

solitary

A solitary house stood in an open field.

like a solitary life

23.   on … scale

on a nationwide scale

on a large scale

24.   resist

Conservative politicians resist the reform plan. 抵制,反对

Stainless steel resist rust. 抗拒

He resisted eating the chocolate cake because it is too fattening. 忍住

meet with a great deal of resistance

She has good resistance against sickness.

electrical resistance

be resistant to

   That plastic is resistant to breakage and staining. 结实耐脏

   Her vaccinations make her resistant to many childhood diseases. 有抵抗力

25.   be anybody’s guess

Whether the prime minister will resign is anybody’s guess.

 

Useful Expressions of Text A

1.     对郊区生活的失望

2.     在乡村生活中得到知足

3.     自力更生的/自给自足的生活方式

4.     在河上泛舟

5.     去林中野餐

6.     早该完成的工作

7.     忙里偷闲

8.     自由作家

9.     追名逐利

10.   正如老话所说的

11.   各种农产品

12.   糟糕的时机

13.   (美国)常青藤学校

14.   体育画报

15.   每月600美元的按揭

16.   牙科治疗费用

17.   保险单

18.   /年保险费

19.   弥补收入的差距

20.   降低生活水准

21.   下馆子

22.   光顾高级餐厅

23.   听歌剧看芭蕾

24.   忍受独处

25.   紧巴巴的预算

26.   参加学校活动

27.   抵御想买奢侈礼品的诱惑

28.   节省劳力的装置

29.   割草机

30.   纷纷猜测

 

Key:

1.  frustration with suburb living

2.  find contentment in the country

3.  a self-reliant lifestyle/self-sufficient lifestyle

4.  canoe on the river

5.  go picnicking in the woods

6.  long-overdue work

7.  in between such chores

8.  a freelance writer

9.  pursue money and fame

10.        as the old saying goes

11.        a great variety of produce

12.        terrible timing

13.        Ivy League schools

14.        Sport Illustrated

15.        $600-a-month mortgage payments

16.        dental bills

17.        an insurance policy

18.        monthly/annual premium

19.        make up the difference in income

20.        lower one’s standard of living

21.        dine out

22.        patronize expensive restaurants

23.        attend the opera and ballet

24.        a tolerance for solitude

25.        on a tight budget

26.        be involved in school activities

27.        resist the temptation to buy extravagant gifts

28.        laborsaving devices

29.        a lawn mower

30.        be anybody’s guess

 

Useful Expressions of Text B

1.     a delicious pot roast                                       美味的炖肉

2.     leisurely meals/walk                                                   从容的就餐/散步

3.     prepare pancakes and sausages              准备薄饼和香肠

4.     in the majority                                                                      同道者甚众

5.     situation comedies                                                     情景喜剧

6.     get along on one paycheck                               靠一份工资维持

7.     a small percentage of                                      一小部分

8.     miss out on an important part of childhood                    缺少童年生活中重要的一部分

9.     hitch a ride                                                               搭便车

10.   travel long distances to work                           为上班而长途奔波

11.   commuting time/hours                                               通勤时间

12.   at dawn                                                                                大清早

13.   whip up a meal                                                                     快速做一顿饭

14.   a main course with salad and vegetables 带色拉和蔬菜的主菜

15.   takeout food and heat-and-heat dishes                            外带食品和加热即食菜肴

16.   the feeling of together                                                             合家团聚的氛围

17.   a dizzying array of entertainment                                              一系列令人眼花缭乱的娱乐活动

18.   cable television                                                                                             有线电视

19.   compete in the Olympics                                                        在奥运会上施展身手

20.   a movie about aliens                                                                          关于外星人的电影

21.   make sense                                                                                       合乎情理

22.   become rarer and rarer                                                             日益罕见

23.   at separate times                                                                                陆陆续续

24.   a fantasy, not (a) reality                                                                      只是虚构而非现实

25.   borrow an important lesson from sb                              从某人处获得重要借鉴

 

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