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eGroupWare中文手册----第三章 系统管理

(2011-08-21 18:35:58)
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egroupware

中文手册

协同办公软件

开源

系统管理

it

分类: 协同办公
eGroupWare的系统配置功能是分散在不同的位置的,其中一个就是我们在安装过程中用过的管理应用程序。
其他的系统管理页面
一、站点配置

In the general eGroupWare configuration you define the general configurations as well as the layout and security of your eGroupWare.

在通用eGroupWare配置中,你可以定义外观、安装和其他通用设置

The page is divided up into three sections:
这个页面被分成三个部分:

  • 站点配置

    Site Configuration
    • Would you like eGroupWare to check for a new version when admins login?: If this option is set to YES, each time an administrator logs in the system will verify if there is an newer version of eGroupWare. The default is set to NO.
      当用系统管理员账号登录时,是否自动检查eGroupWare是否有新版本?缺省值被设置为“否”。

    • Timeout for sessions in seconds: The time in seconds after which a session becomes invalid. Default: 14,400 seconds (4 hours).
      一个会话在多少秒后失效?缺省值为“14,400秒(4小时)”

    • Timeout for application session data in seconds: Shown in seconds. Default: 86,400 seconds (1 day).
      应用程序显示数据失效的时间?缺省值“86400秒(1天)”

    • Would you like to show each application's upgrade status?: In the selection box you can choose between 'No', only 'Administrators' or 'All users'.
      希望对哪些用户显示每个应用程序的升级状态?在选择框中有三个选项“否”、仅“系统管理员”、“所有用户”

    • Would you like to automatically load new langfiles (at login-time)?: If this option is set to YES, each time someone logs in the system will check if new languages are available. This option should normally be disabled and enabled only if necessary (in order to save system resources). Default is YES.
      希望在登录时自动装入新的语言文件吗?如果这个功能被设置为“是”,那么一旦有用户登录,系统将检查是否有新的语言文件。这个功能一般被关闭,一般只在需要时打开(如希望保存系统资源)。缺省值为“是”。
    • Should the login page include a language selectbox (useful for demo-sites)?: A language option box is useful for demo pages where new users from multiple countries log in and may select their language of choice directly.
      登录时显示语言选择框吗(作为演示站点特别有用)?

    • How should EMail addresses for new users be constructed?: Please choose a format, e.g. firstname.lastname@domain.com, from the selection box.
      一个新用户的电子邮件地址如何被生成?请在选择框中选择一种格式,例如:姓.名@域名。

  • Appearance
    外观

    • Enter the title for your site: This title will be shown on the title page of the browser, in addition to other places.
      输入你的站点的标题:
      除了其它位置外,这个标题将显示在浏览器的标题页上。

    • Enter the URL or filename (in phpgwapi/templates/default/images) of your logo: File your logo in the phpgwapi/templates/default/images directory; you only need to provide the name here, or else provide the entire URL.
      输入你公司图标的地址或文件名。图标:这个文件将被放在“
      phpgwapi/templates/default/images ”目录内,在这里你只要提供其名称,或提供其完整的地址。
    • Enter the url where your logo should link to: URL where user arrives when clicking on the upper left side of the logo.
      输入你公司的图标指向的链接地址:当点击左上角的公司图标时浏览器转向的链接地址。

    • Enter the title of your logo: You can provide a title of the logo which appears when you pass over the logo with the mouse, e.g. eGroupWare from...
      输入你公司图标的标题:提供一个当你的鼠标经过你公司图标时出现的提示。

    • Show an asterisk (*) to mark untranslated strings: As a rule, you can select ‘No’ unless you need the asterisk to flag eGroupWare texts which need to be translated.
      在需要翻译的文本上显示 * :一般应选“否”。

  • Security
    安全

    • Use cookies to pass sessionid: If session IDs are saved in cookies, these do not need to be presented with the URL. If you are in a public Internet café, you should always log out in order to assure that the cookie is deleted. Default is 'Yes – more secure'.
      使用cookies来保存会话ID:如果会话ID被保存在cookies中,这些会话Id就不会出现在网页地址中。如果你是在网吧中使用,你应该通过注销来确认这些相关的cookies被删除了。缺省的值为“是--更安全”

    • Cookie path (allows multiple eGW sessions with different directories, has problemes with SiteMgr!): You can choose between 'webserver root directory (default)' – this allows multiple eGroupWare sessions with differeing directories, but may lead to problems with the SiteMgr! or 'eGroupWare directory' – then the eGroupWare directory is set as default.
      cookie路径(允许在不同的目录中存在多个eGW会话,在使用站点管理器时可能出问题。):你可以选则“网页服务器根目录(缺省)”---这个选择
      允许在不同的目录中存在多个eGW会话,但在使用站点管理器时可能出问题。或者选择“eGroupWare 目录

    • Check IP address of all sessions: This security feature prevents sessions from being hijacked by verifying whether the session is emanating from the same IP. Does not work necessarily if the attacker is using the same network.
      Switch this off if users are regularly thrown out randomly: "Your session could not be verified".
      检查所有会话的IP地址:这个安全设置避免服务器受到来自同一个IP地址的会话攻击。但如果攻击者的IP在同一个网段这个安全设置则会失效。如果使用者经常不能登录,提示“你的会话不能被校验”,那么你可以关闭此项安全设置。

    • Deny all users access to grant other users access to their entries : If you choose YES for this option, users will not be able to allow other users access to their own data. Access administration will be taken over by administrators. Default: NO.
      拒绝用户允许其他用户访问自己的数据:如果你选择了“是”,那么一个用户就不能允许其他用户访问自己的数据,只有管理员才能允许定义用户能访问的数据。缺省值为“否”。

    • How many days should entries stay in the access log, before they get deleted?: This option does not require any further explanation. However, you should not set the number too low since it barely affects performance and provides for additional security. Default is: '90 days'.
      在使用日志中的记录在删除前要保留多少天?这个功能无需做过多解释。但是,你不要将此值设置的太小,因为这个设置不会影响服务器性能并且能提供额外的安全,缺省值为“90天”。

    • After how many unsuccessful attempts to login, an account should be blocked?: Default: '3'.
      多少次失败的登录后,这个帐号将被拒绝登录?:缺省值为“3”.

    • After how many unsuccessful attempts to login, an IP should be blocked? Default: '3'.
      多少次失败的登录后,这个IP地址将被拒绝登录?:缺省值为“3”.

    • How many minutes should an account or IP be blocked?: It is sufficient to input a value of a few minutes in order to make a brute force attack ineffective. At the same time, users who have made a mistake in logging in should not have to wait too long before trying to log in again. Default: '30 minutes'.
      一个账户或IP被拒绝登录的时间为多少分钟?:这个设置足够大以让那些暴力破解攻击失效,另外也要保证让哪些正常输入错误的用户不能等待太长时间按,缺省值为“30分钟”。

    • Admin email addresses (comma-separated) to be notified about the blocking: Information on lockouts of IPs and user accounts will be sent to these addresses. If you leave this field blank, no notification will be forwarded.
      提醒拒绝登录帐号的管理员信箱地址(用逗号隔开):被拒绝登录的IP或帐号的信息将被送到这些地址。如果这个设置为空,将不会处理这些信息。

    • Enable the xmlrpc service: Default: 'No'. For security reasons you should leave this switched off when you are not using the service.
      允许xmlrpc服务:缺省值为“否”。为了安全,如果你没有使用这个服务,就要将此项设置为“否”。

    • Enable the soap service: Default: 'No'. For security reasons you should leave this switched off when you are not using the service.
      允许 soap服务:缺省值为“否”。为了安全,如果你没有使用这个服务,就要将此项设置为“否”。

    二、用户帐户
    Every user in eGroupWare requires a user account in order to be able to log in. Rights are assigned through user accounts, such as, for example, which applications a user may utilize and what data the user may access.
    每一个eGroupWare用户都需要一个账号用来进行登录。用户的权限也通过这个账号来设置,例如,哪些应用程序一个用户能使用和哪些数据一个用户能读取。
  • 用户组

    User groups
    用户组

    You can add user groups in eGroupWare. This allows you to manage rights for more than one user at a time. For example, you can create a group for one department. Since most employees in a single department use the same applications, you can manage the available applications for the entire group rather than for individuals. You can also assign access rights for groups, thereby allowing all members to share files among each other.
    In eGroupWare a single user can be a member in a number of different groups.
       在eGroupWare中你可以添加用户组。这允许你一次就可以管理多个用户的权限。例如,您可以创建一个部门为一个组。由于大多数员工在一个单独的部门使用同一应用程序,你可以管理现有的应用对整个部门而不是个人。你也可以指定组的访问权限,从而允许所有成员分享彼此的文件。
        在eGroupWare中,一个用户可以是不同组的成员。

    • 添加/编辑 用户组
      要设置一个用户组,单击[添加]按钮 
      要修改一个用户组,单击用户组列表旁边的[编辑]链接。
      •  通用的
        要添加组,先要来到能列出所有现有组的页面,然后点击[添加]按钮。您可以在打开的页面中输入组的信息。 

        • 组名称:输入组的名称。
        • 选择组中的用户:选择“用户组成员。如果你还没有编制应包括在一个特定的组的用户,你可以在创建用户时直接将他们分配给组。
        • 本组的访问权限:选择小组成员拥有读写权限的应用程序。如果用户是多个组的成员,那么他的权限是这两个组的权限的合并。这意味着,如果两组中的只要有一个允许访问日历,用户将拥有访问日历的权限 。此外,它可以按用户级别定义访问的应用程序的权限,即ACL权限,然而,在这里还不能设定ACL权限,你可以在编辑组时设定。
      • 组管理
        在这里,你可以管理一个或多个用户组 后面将有更详细的介绍。
      • ACL 权限
        在这里可以管理用户的ACL权限。然而,到现在为止,除此之外的唯一途径是在应用程序管理的页面进行这些操作。 
  • 应用程序
    Here you can
    edit names and display options for the installed applications or delete applications.
    在这里你可以编辑安装的应用程序的名称和并显示选项或者删除应用 程序。
  • 全局分类
    Global categories help to manage data more efficiently in eGroupWare. It is possible, for example, to set up a global category for every department in a company. 
    全局分类有助于更有效地管理eGroupWare中的数据 。这是可能的,例如,为一个公司各个部门建立全局分类
    Most applications in eGroupWare support global categories thereby making it possible to display all entries in the address book within a category. This facilitates accessing requested data sets quickly without resorting to the search function. Subcategories are also supported. 
    eGroupWare中的大多数应用程序支持全局分类,从而使其能够显示在地址簿中一个分类中的所有条目。这有利于不使用搜索功能就可以访问请求的数据集 。另外一个大类和可以有子分类。
    We can now broaden the previous example with departments ‘A’ and ‘B’. You create a category ‘My company - internal’ and then click on Add sub to set up a subcategory ‘Department A’. If you do this for every department, you then have the possibility of retrieving from the address book data on all employees (category ‘My company - internal’), or only data on employees of a specific department e.g. ‘department C’. 
    This works exactly the same way for all other applications. Before beginning with the installation, or directly after completing it, you should think about the global categories you need. If you already have many existing data sets and then you decide to make use of global categories, you will have to input all of the data into the categories manually. 
    现在,我们可以拓宽与前面的例子 ,一个公司有 部门“A”和“B”。您创建了了一个分类'我的公司-国内“,然后点击添加子分 部门“A”如果你为每一个部门都建了子分类,那么你就可以从地址簿中通过选择'我的公司-国内‘显示所有的员工或者显示特定的部门的员工,如部门“C”。在其它的应用程序中也是这样的。在开始安装之前,或直接完成后,你应该想想你需要全局分类。如果您已经有许多现有的数据集,然后你决定要使用全局分类,你可以将所有的数据人工划分到各个类别里。
     

    Creating global categories 

    After you have clicked on [Add], you will arrive at an interface where you can input the name and a parent category. If there is already a number of existing categories, it is useful to go to the previous page (where you clicked ‘Add’), then scroll through it and click on the link ‘Add sub’ in the category where you want to create a new one. 
    The name appears in the selection field to filter according to category. The description should provide more precise information on how the category is to be used. 
    创建全球类 
    当你点击[添加 ],在出现的窗口中,您可以输入的类别名称和父类别。如果已经有一些现存的类别,你可以到前一页(您点击“添加”的页面),然后在分类中通过滚动现存分类选择你要创建子分类的分类,然后点击“添加子类别”链接。选择框中出现的类别名称被用来对信息进行分类。类别的说明可提供更精确的说明此类的信息 
  • Deleting global categories 
    If you delete a category, the data sets contained therein will not be deleted. However, when deleting you should pay attention to whether by deleting a category with subcategories you can also delete the subcategories. If you do not delete the subcategories, these will move up a level. If the deleted category was not a subcategory of another, then the remaining categories become first level categories and do not have a parent category. 

    删除全局 
    如果你删除一个分类,这个分类中数据集所载不会被删除。
    但是,你应该注意到当删除一个带有子分类的分类时,也可以同时删除子分类。如果你不删除子分类,这些子分类将升级为与其父分类相同的级别 如果你删除不是另一个分类的子分类,那么剩余的分类将成为一级分类(没有父类) 。

  • 更改主页讯息
  • 查看会话
  • 登录控制和访问协议
  • 查看错误日志
  • 查找并注册所有应用程序挂接
  • 异步定时服务
  • PHP 信息
  • 自定义字段
  • 数据库备份
  • 手工配置


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