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【文化娱乐】A Registry Explores Dog Deaths by Breed 一登记处调查不同品种狗狗的死因

(2011-04-26 21:35:18)
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杂谈

分类: 文娱新闻

以上均为社员原创翻译,欢迎分享转载,未经本社同意,不得随意复制、抄录。谢谢合作!

 

A Registry Explores Dog Deaths by Breed

一登记处调查不同品种狗狗的死因

from The New York Times 

【文化娱乐】A <wbr>Registry <wbr>Explores <wbr>Dog <wbr>Deaths <wbr>by <wbr>Breed <wbr>一登记处调查不同品种狗狗的死因

 

Most dog owners and veterinarians know that small dogs live longer than large ones, but until now there has been no thorough systematic examination of breed-related causes of death.

大多数养狗狗的人和兽医都知道体型小的比体型大的狗狗寿命要长,但直到现在仍没有一个彻底的系统性检查来说明狗狗的死因和品种的关系。

 

 Now, a group of researchers has reviewed more than 74,000 cases of canine death recorded from 1984 to 2004 in the Veterinary Medicine Database, a registry established by the National Cancer Institute that receives reports from 27 veterinary teaching hospitals in North America.

目前,一群研究人员重新审查了从19842004年超过74,000件狗狗死亡案例,这些案例全部来自兽药数据库,该数据库是美国国立癌症研究院下设的一个登记处,负责接收北美27所兽医教学医院的报告。

 

The analysis, published in the March/April issue of The Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, found that the most common cause of death varies considerably from breed to breed and by age.

刊载于杂志《兽医内科学》(3—4月)的一篇分析文章发现,狗狗的死因在不同种类和狗龄之间变化相当大。

 

Golden retrievers and boxers had the highest rates of cancer, the leading cause of canine death over all. In several toy breeds — Chihuahua, Pekingese, Pomeranians and toy poodles — cancer was much less common. For them, the leading cause of death was trauma.

癌症是狗狗主要的死因,金毛猎犬和拳师犬最易患上该症。其他一些宠物犬,如吉娃娃、北京哈巴狗、波美拉尼亚犬和玩具贵宾犬,它们得癌的几率就要小很多,但是它们的死因主要是外伤。

 

Diseases of the nervous system were the most common cause of death in older dogs, while gastrointestinal disease affected dogs of all ages equally. Death from diseases of the musculoskeletal system was common in larger breeds, but the big dogs suffered less from neurological and endocrine ailments.

神经系统疾病是年老狗狗最主要的死因,而胃肠疾病对每个狗龄段的狗狗都有一样的影响。大型犬多死于肌肉骨骼系统疾病,小型犬较少患上神经和内分泌疾病。

 

The authors acknowledge that the study is retrospective and subject to errors of classification of breed and disease. Still, a co-author, Kate E. Creevy, an assistant professor of veterinary internal medicine at the University of Georgia, said that knowing what kinds of diseases a breed is prone to is helpful. “We can use that information to avoid disease rather than treat it.”

作者承认这项研究是回顾性的并且容易在犬种和疾病的分类上出现差错,但是其中一位合著者,乔治亚大学兽医内科学教授助理Kate E. Creevy认为弄清哪种狗狗易得哪种疾病是很有益处的,他说:“我们可以用这些信息去避免而不单单只是去治疗疾病。”

 

 

      由于未能联系到本文作者,故不能支付相关报酬;请相关权利人尽快与我们联系以便支付相关费用。

 

                                                     

                                                       Translated by 川透社:王鑫 费志红 曹宁燕

                                                          当日责任人:肖罗乐   责编:陈柏伊

 

 

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Advices of the translation and assistance are warmly welcomed.

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