加载中…
正文 字体大小:

著名小提琴演奏家,教育家Peter Rybar

(2013-03-04 10:39:52)
标签:

文化


Peter Rybar

Violinist who lived to see his mid-century recordings return on CDTully Potter  The Guardian, Friday 25 October 2002 02.29 BST

The legendary solo violinist, quartet leader, orchestra leader and teacher Peter Rybar, who has died aged 89, was one of the last links with the musical riches of the old Europe. He lived long enough to find himself a cult figure, with a dozen CDs available and more on the way.


  • He was born in Vienna, to two Czech violinists. In 1914 his mother brought him to England, but their temporary stay was made permanent by the outbreak of war, and his father was killed in 1915, fighting in the Austro-Hungarian Army. "I was 11 months old when I came to London, so English was my first language," said Rybar - he eventually spoke seven fluently.

After spells in Geneva and Leipzig, he arrived at the Prague Conservatoire, where the famed Czech Quartet (whose second violin was the composer Josef Suk) were his teachers, and among his friends were the pianist Rudolf Firkusny, and conductors Walter Susskind and Rafael Kubelik. Rybar made his name by giving the Stravinsky concerto its first performances in Prague and (with the composer present) in Paris. In the French capital he was a pupil of Carl Flesch and began a lifelong friendship with the Czech composer Bohuslav Martinu.

In the late 1930s, Rybar spent 18 months in Portugal, polishing his solo Bach, but kept up his British connections. Through the poet Robert Trevelyan he got to know the violinist Adolf Busch, his conductor brother Fritz, the teacher and composer Donald Tovey - who accompanied him by heart in the Beethoven concerto and set him a fugue to write "before you go to bed" - and the Dutch composer Julius Röntgen. Urged to visit Julius's son Joachim, who led the Winterthur City Orchestra and its quartet, Rybar arrived in Switzerland in 1938, only for Joachim Röntgen to be offered a teaching job back in The Hague.

After a bizarre audition at a party (he played the Canary Song on Röntgen's violin), Rybar insisted on a proper hearing and was hired as leader of the orchestra and quartet, and teacher at the conservatoire. In Winterthur he had ideal working conditions, and his teaching skills attracted many students. The quartet prospered, and as orchestra leader he worked with all the great conductors of the postwar era.

Rybar married pianist Marcelle Daeppen in 1952 and they formed a duo; but he also performed with Edwin Fischer and Wilhelm Backhaus. With Clara Haskil, he made music both in concert and in the recording studio - a famous photo shows them playing each other's instruments (she had been a violinist as a child).

Having retired to Caslano, near Lake Lugano, Rybar was persuaded by Wolfgang Sawallisch to take the leader's post with the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande in Geneva - violinist and conductor lasted a decade there and left together, in 1980.

Rybar also took the Classe de virtuosité at the Geneva Conservatoire. He gave his last public performances in 1986 and then retired fully, saddened by the death of his wife but buoyed up by the interest in his recordings. He was also the subject of two television documentaries.

Peter Rybar's records were mostly made for the cheap American labels that proliferated after the war; but because he had a distinctive tone, a fine technique and a meticulous sense of style, many have worn well. He was the first to record such staples as the Viotti A minor and Goldmark concertos and the Fantasy by his teacher Suk; one of his LPs with Haskil now commands a four-figure sum. Among his own favourites were the Busoni Second Sonata with Haskil and the Bach Double Concerto with fellow Flesch pupil Henryk Szeryng.

· Peter Rybar, violinist, born August 29 1913; died October 4 2002

著名小提琴演奏家,教育家Peter <wbr>Rybar


著名小提琴演奏家,教育家Peter <wbr>Rybar






阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报
已投稿到:
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

       

    验证码: 请点击后输入验证码 收听验证码

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 不良信息反馈 电话:4006900000 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有