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怎样把握好补药的使用(四)

(2011-03-22 12:01:34)
标签:

补药

补剂

虚实夹杂

脾胃

肝阳上亢

杂谈

——使用中药补药须因人而宜

 
    在中药补药的使用时,必须照顾好脾胃。如果脾胃运化不利,则任何补药均起不到补的作用,还可能由于某些补药(如阿胶、熟地黄等)的滋腻、脾胃纳呆之弊,更加重脾虚的运化功能失调。


    其次,补气药和补阳药的性多偏温热,若阴虚内热、肝阳上亢者要慎用。还有如果遇到外感、实热证等,一般要禁用补药,否则会导致闭门留寇之患。另外虚实夹杂者,亦不可单独使用补药,而要结合具体的病情正确辩证选用。


    使用补药还要适应季节的变化,例如春季的气候较暖,宜用平补剂;夏季气候炎热,宜用清补剂;秋季风物干燥,宜用滋润滋养为主的调补剂;冬季气候寒冷,人体热量消耗大,冬令进补效果最佳。


    特别是对一些慢性病人或体质虚弱者,在冬至前后服用一些补药,往往能收到比较好的滋补壮体疗效,并且还可避免某些补药不良反应的发生,起到事半功倍的效果。(张君戎)

 

 

How to grasp the use of tonic (d)

 

- Use Chinese tonic for person who should be


The use of tonics in Chinese medicine, we must take care of the spleen and stomach. If the negative spleen and stomach, any supplements are not achieve the role of complement, may also be due to some supplements (such as gelatin, Rehmannia, etc) Zi tired, poor appetite of the disadvantages of the spleen and stomach, adding to the operation of the dysfunctional spleen.


Second, drugs and yang qi multi-drug side warm, if the deficiency heat, hyperactivity were to be used with caution. Well if you encounter exogenous, such as heat of the general tonic to disable, otherwise it will lead to the risk of bandits to stay behind closed doors. Another mixed by the actual situation, should not be used alone tonic, and to the right combination of conditions specific dialectical use.


Use tonic also adapt to seasonal changes, such as warmer weather in spring, to use the flat tonic; summer, hot weather, to use the clear tonic; autumn scenery dry, suitably adjusted based supplements nourish moisture; winter weather is cold , calories consumption, the best winter tonic.


Especially for some chronic diseases or those of weak constitution, take some tonic in the winter solstice, often better received strong body tonic effect, and also avoid the occurrence of adverse reactions in some tonic, play a multiplier effect. (Zhang Junrong)

 

 

 

 

 

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