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预告 科技史大讲堂 2014年6月20日

(2014-06-12 13:36:56)

 

 

 

中国科学院科学技术史大讲堂第三十三讲

 

American Science in the 20th Century: 

The Manhattan Project, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and the Atomic Bomb

 

预告 <wbr>科技史大讲堂 <wbr>2014年6月20日

Distinguished Professor. Joseph W. Dauben 

 Herbert H. Lehman College, City University of New York Ph.D. 

Program in History, The Graduate Center, CUNY

 

This lecture will focus on the effort by allied scientists during World War II to construct the first atomic bomb, eventually used to devastating effect to end the war in the Pacific against Japan. But this story begins in a seminar room at the University of Göttingen, in Germany, where three leading figures of modern science, David Hilbert, James Franck, and Bax Born conducted a weekly seminar devoted to atomic physics. Among the students attending that seminar was J. Robert Oppenheimer, later to become famous as the “father” of the atomic bomb. The top-secret project to build the bomb was code-named “The Manhattan Project” which coordinated scientific research at a number of different locations, including Los Alamos in New Mexico, where the first atomic bomb was successfully tested on July 16, 1945. Less than a month later, two bombs were deployed against Japan, the first a uranium bomb dropped on the city of Hiroshima on August 6; the second, a plutonium bomb, was dropped three days later on Nagasaki, on August 9. Although many of the scientists involved in the Manhattan Project tried to prevent its being used against Japan, they were unsuccessful in doing so, which raises important questions about the social responsibilities of scientists for the uses to which their research may be put. To what degree can the scientist be said to be responsible for the extra-scientific consequences of his or her work? How active should scientists be in pursuing the social implications of their theoretical work? Should moral, social, or political factors ever influence a scientist or the scientific community in making decisions about whether to follow a given line of research development? These are among the questions this lecture will pose and seek to answer in drawing to a conclusion this discussion of the research of atomic scientists which led to the first use of an atomic bomb that eventually brought about an end to the Second World War. 


 

讲座时间:2014620日(周五)14:30~17:00

讲座地点:中关村东路55号 中国科学院自然科学史研究所  学术报告厅

讲座语言:英  

 

联系人:王莹、曹希敬

 话:010-57552517                 件:kyc@ihns.ac.cn

 客:http://blog.sina.com.cn/kejidajiangtang

主办单位:中国科学院自然科学史研究所

协办单位:中国科学技术出版社

欢 迎 参 加!

 

公  交:可乘坐26、333、466、498、619、641、696、740、751、85、913、944(支)、983(支)、运通109、运通113、特9等公交车到保福寺桥西车站下车,路南六层灰色楼即是中科院自然科学史研究所。

  铁:到知春路下车,沿中关村东路西侧向北,至恒兴大厦,向北50米,中科院基础科学园区院内。

      




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