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[转载]TPR最常用的500单词

(2014-10-25 23:27:50)
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原文地址:TPR最常用的500单词作者:牛牛

从儿教论坛上转来的T. P. R. (Total Physical Response)最常用的500单词。
   TPR“全身反应法”是上世纪60年代由美国心理学教授James Asher提出的。他分析研究母语实现的过程,倡导把“语言”和“行为”联系在一起,通过左右脑的共同协调训练建立语言思维,达到掌握外语的目的。具体实现方式是:通过语言学习者听到一个外语指令,用身体动作对它做出对相应的反应,从而使听者逐渐自然建立语言能力。最典型的例子就是当听到“Stand Up”就从坐位上站起来,听到“Touch your nose”就去摸自己的鼻子。应用更多的手势和简单实物教具,TPR完全可以展示动词的不同时态以及复杂的句子形式。
  T.P.R是典型的符合二语悉得基本理念的一个非常有效的教学体系。它的特点符合克拉申的关于语言形成的各项假说和建议:
  1. 主张学习者通过“可理解输入”先建立听力能力,不强迫学生开口说;
  2. 降低学生紧张情绪;
  3. 左右脑协调使用,共同实现语言能力(左脑负责接受指令,右脑负责做动作);
  4. 模仿真实的语言环境;
  5. 不教语法知识,也不急于学读写;

General Body Movements
1. stand up  

2. sit down  

3. walk

4. stop

5. turn left

6. turn right

7. turn around

8. walk backwards

9. jump

10. hop

11. bend over

12. squat

13. walk 3 steps, 5 steps, etc.

14. face ___ (face me; face the wall, face the door, etc.)

15. lift up your right leg (left leg, right arm, etc.)

16. lower your leg (left leg, right arm, etc.)

17. shake my hand 18. kiss me (on the cheek!)

19. make a fist 

20. clap your hands

21. snap your fingers

22. wave

facial things
23. smile 24. cough 25. laugh 26. cry 27. sneeze

28. open your mouth 29. close your mouth

30. stick out your tongue 31. put your tongue back in

32. wink 33. blink 34. wiggle your nose

General verbs you can use with objects
35. where is 36. touch 37. show me 38. pick up 39. put down 40. put it back (return)
41. drop 42. move 43. give me (give him) 44. take it back 45. throw 46. catch 47. turn over (flip) 48. put the _____ on (under etc.) the ______ 49. push 50. pull 51. lift

kitchen table stuff
52. cup 53. plate 54. bowl 55. knife 56. fork 57. spoon 58. napkin / tissue 59. dish
60. big round serving tray 61. tray you'd serve tea or coffee on 62. table 63. chair

kitchen stuff
64. pan 65. oven 66. stove 67. sink 68. faucet 69. counter 70. cupboard  71. refrigerator
basic foods 72. flour 73. sugar 74. bread 75. tea leaves 76. coffee grounds 77. rice 78. nuts 79. yogurt 80. candy, etc.

drinks
81. water 82. milk 83. juice 84. soda 85. yogurt (drinking) 86. coffee 87. tea

 

fruits/vegetables

88. apple

89. banana

90. orange

91. plum

92. grapes

93. fig

94. dates

95. raisons

96. lemon

97. pomegranate

98. watermelon

99. tomato

100. cucumber

101. zucchini

102. onion

103. carrot

104. eggplant

105. small eggplant

106. potato

107. garlic

108. parsley

109. lettuce

110. grape leaves

111. celery

112. mint

113. cabbage, etc.

 

numbers (by using pens, for example)

114. one

115. two

116. three

117. four

118. five

119. six

120. seven

121. eight

122. nine

123. ten

124. eleven, etc.

 

words having to do with a door

125. door

126. key

127. doorknob

128. hinge

129. peephole

130. doorbell

131. open the door

132. close the door

133. lock the door

134. unlock the door

135. look through the peephole

136. ring the doorbell

137. knock on the door

 

words having to do with money

138. coin

139. bill

140. 1 qirsh coin

141. 5 qirsh coin

142. 10 qirsh coin

143. 25 qirsh coin

144. 50 qirsh coin

145. 1 dinar coin

146. 1 dinar bill

147. 5 dinar bill

148. 10 dinar bill

149. 20 dinar bill

150. pay me 35 qirsh, etc.

151. put 1 dinar in your pocket, etc.

152. give me change for this 1 dinar bill

 

words having to do with a cassette recorder/radio/etc.

153. cassette recorder

154. button

155. microphone

156. speaker

157. headphones

158. volume control

159. DC adapter jack

160. DC adapter

161. handle

162. front

163. back

164. side

165. battery cover

166. battery

167. play button

168. record button

169. rewind button

170. fast forward button

171. pause button

172. cassette

173. put the cassette in the player

174. take the cassette out of the player

175. turn the cassette over (i.e., take it out, turn it over, and put it back in)

176. push play (start the tape)

177. turn up the volume

178. turn down the volume

179. push stop (stop the tape)

180. push the pause button

181. rewind the tape

182. fast forward the tape

183. record ___ onto the tape

184. turn on the radio

185. turn off the radio

186. change the station

187. find some music

188. find some talking

189. change the band (e.g., from AM to FM)

190. change it back

 

words that have to do with a book

191. book

192. title

193. author

194. cover

195. table of contents

196. index

197. chapter

198. page

199. page number

200. section

201. paragraph

202. sentence

203. period

204. comma

205. quotation mark

206. open the book

207. close the book

208. turn to page number ____

209. turn the page

210. turn forward 5 pages

211. turn back a page

212. turn back three pages

 

Things you'll see outside in a city (you and your tutor will have to go outside for this list, but it's nice to have a change every once in a while anyway)

213. car

214. truck

215. motorcycle

216. bicycle

217. bus

218. pedestrian (walker)

219. policeman

220. office building

221. restaurant

222. house

223. apartment building

224. grocery store

225. vegetable/fruit store

226. butcher's shop

227. bakery

228. gas station

words having to do with a car

229. car

230. door

231. front seat

232. back seat

233. driver's seat

234. passenger seat

235. steering wheel

236. seat belt

237. break pedal

238. gas pedal

239. clutch pedal

240. speedometer

241. gas gauge

242. gear shift

243. emergency break

244. ignition switch

245. horn

246. hood

247. headlight

248. fender

249. license plate

250. engine

251. trunk

252. tire

253. fender

254. exhaust pipe

255. turn signal switch

256. light switch

257. put on/take off your seatbelt

258. turn on the car

259. turn off the car

260. drive forward

261. go in reverse

262. turn right

263. turn left

264. do a U-turn

265. turn on your left turn signal

266. turn on your right turn signal

267. use the horn

268. stop

269. speed up

270. slow down

271. turn on/off the headlights

272. turn on/off the highbeams

273. turn on/off the inside light

274. wind down the window

275. wind up the window

276. lock the door (from the inside)

277. lock the door (from the outside)

278. driver's license

279.

prepositions

280. on

281. in

282. under

283. above

284. beside / next to

285. in front of

286. behind

287. to the left of

288. to the right of

living room

289. sofa

290. chair

291. pillow

292. coffee table

293. rug

294. carpet

295. cushion

296. window

297. curtain

298. lamp

299. ceiling light

300. light switch

301. electrical plug

302. phone plug

303. telephone

304. telephone cord

305. television

306. bookcase

 

bedroom
307. bed
308. sheet
309. pillow
310. blanket
311. dresser
312. closet
313. coat hanger
314. mirror
bathroom
315. toilet
316. bathtub
317. toilet paper
318. sink
319. towel
320. shower curtain
321. toothbrush
322. toothpaste
323. comb
324. plunger
325. shampoo
326. deodorant
basic adjectives
327. big
328. small
329. medium (of three, for example)
330. long
331. short
332. new
333. old
334. thick
335. thin
colors
336. color (the word for color)
337. white
338. black
339. red
340. orange
341. yellow
342. green
343. blue
344. purple
345. pink
346. brown
347. gray
shapes
348. square
349. rectangle
350. triangle
351. circle
352. oval
353. pentagon
354. hexagon
355. cube
356. box (rectangular solid)
357. sphere
things you can do with a pen
358. cap
359. take off the cap
360. put the cap back on
361. write
362. sign your name
363. draw a line, circle, square, etc.
basic adverbs
364. quickly
365. slowly
366. carefully
voice things
367. speak
368. sing
369. hum
370. whisper
371. shout/yell
372. stop speaking (singing, humming, etc.)
household items
373. light bulb
374. hammer
375. screwdriver
376. screw
377. wrench
378. pliers
379. broom
380. mop
381. dustpan
382. sweep the floor
383. mop the floor
384. trash can
385. trash bag
386. washing machine
387. dryer
388. iron
389. ironing board
390. clothes pin
clothing
391. shirt
392. pants
393. shoe
394. shoes
395. coat
396. underwear
397. sock
398. socks
399. watch

400. sweater
401. hat
402. belt
403. dress shirt
404. tie
405. dress
406. skirt
407. blouse
parts of the body
408. hair
409. forehead
410. eyebrow
411. eyelash
412. eye
413. ear
414. cheek
415. nose
416. lip/lips
417. mouth
418. moustache
419. beard
420. chin
421. throat
422. tooth / teeth
423. tongue
424. chest
425. back
426. shoulder
427. belly
428. arm
429. leg
430. thigh
431. shin
432. hand
433. finger
434. fingers
435. thumb
436. knuckle
437. fingernail
438. elbow
439. knee
440. foot
441. ankle
442. toe / toes
office
443. office
444. desk
445. computer
446. keyboard
447. monitor
448. printer
449. mouse
450. printer cable
451. voltage regular
452. power cord
453. disk drive
454. floppy disk
455. paper
456. modem
457. fax machine
458. scanner
459. shredder

words having to do with a wall calendar
460. today
461. yesterday
462. tomorrow
463. the day before yesterday
464. the day after tomorrow
465. week
466. this week
467. last week
468. next week
469. Sunday
470. Monday
471. Tuesday
472. Wednesday
473. Thursday
474. Friday
475. Saturday
476. month (this month, last month, next month)
477. next Thursday
478. last Monday
479. a week from Wednesday
480. holiday

with a clock
481. clock
482. 1:00
483. 2:00
484. 3:00
485. 4:00
486. 5:00
487. 6:00
488. 7:00
489. 8:00
490. 9:00
491. 10:00
492. 11:00
493. 12:00
494. 1:15
495. 2:30
496. 3:45
497. 4:20
498. 9:40
499. 8:55
500. 8:05
501. AM
502. PM

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