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[转载]远大前程读后感

(2011-06-21 21:36:25)
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"Great Expectations" is the late works of Dickens, but also his most mature work. The title is ironic, it tells an orphan, Pip wants to be the ideal upper story of disillusionment, he eventually did not as a gentleman, of course, and there is no so-called Great Expectations. This book is an extremely exciting story closely the reader's heartstrings, and vividly describes the suffering of a continuous struggle with the fate of orphans Pip psychological history, at last he finally grasped the truth of life to become an ordinary person, and to shake hands with the first love reunion, was a complete ending.
    "Great Expectations" The story has its unique features; there is a time to let the reader unable to stop feeling. Pip hero of this book, but also linked to other characters in a theme. The environment can change people's destiny, Pip is to be the environment change. The beginning, Pip was a kid how naive, easily the letter people, sympathetic. However, Pip had suffered the fate that met the Queen as a girl, this girl will be thorough affect his life. He began to look down on themselves, they began their own home environment and background feel inferior, "and I thought this house in mind, there is no hint of sunshine! The same time, their actions are more offensive and more looked down on his family." It was a very good scene of writing, in such a horrible room, look down upon himself. Is the magic do? Not! This is to be the one truth: Man is the product of the environment. Is the environment has changed Pip. Further, Pip, "good luck", the already possessed, and the non-go when the upper one. Pip asked Herbert to teach him manners and rules, shows that he was anxious to be a Londoner. However, no matter what Pip’s hearts of the good, you can still feel the. He secretly spending money to support the cause of Herbert, which shows that he is a good person, generous benevolence of friends, and never mean. Know that his benefactor turned out to be a fugitive; he began to evolve from the environment. "And the benefactor goodbye became heavy with the anxiety of." This shows that Pip began to care about the safety of the benefactor, and affection of the benefactor produced. "Even if we lack of money can no longer use the benefactor’s money." Indicates Pip heart good things started to recover in the end, he lived a mundane and real life. Finally, Pip and Yisidaila Stop hand, one out of the ruins, the vast heaven and earth being immersed in the quiet of the moon...... From the ruins to the night's fog and then the very beautiful moon, a symbol of Pip and Yisidaila love Trilogy began is not possible, and then is hazy, and finally the moonlight shines. This is a happy ending, finally no regrets.
     The language features, writing in the modus operandi, but there are many places that we can learn. "Rats have been eating it with his teeth, but there is more than sharp teeth of rats chewing on me." In order to describe the Miss Habersham suffering, wonderful! "A people the illusion of terror spread in my heart, as if I Yisidaila are beginning to rot ... ..." This is a classic literary description, to the effect of poetry. "I'm suddenly feeling out of control, lying on the floor, straining to pull his hair on both sides." This sentence in particular to convey the character's psychological inner conflicts, he knew loved the wrong person, but still going to love. "London gave me the impression that a little bit chaotic, narrow roads, forming, but also very dirty." This is only a few strokes; he outlines the characteristics of London. Pip was in this environment, to become a "super person" two efforts. The author describes the Miss Habersham He's story, both compact and they are comprehensive, using a flashback approach. At this point, we have the old lady's situation is clear to her before the abnormal behavior to understand. "His words like lightning, so I look to see ourselves, and then disappointment, danger, shame and other consequences of the impact of coming to me, so I was almost breathing difficulties." Lightning in this analogy is very accurate, Magdalena is based on a series of swift and strong questioning reveals that he is the benefactor of Pip’s. Why Pip disappointments, danger, shame it? That is because the benefactor in his heart has always been a fan, he always felt the old lady, the result is a fugitive, he certainly disappointed. Contact with the fugitive is certainly dangerous, this point Pip clear. The fugitive's money than with an upper people's lives is also true that allows Pip ashamed of ... ...
     In the years went on, people began to change, in the author's pen, wrote a very natural throughout. Finally we all lived in common and not real life; this is what a perfect ending

《远大前程》是狄更斯晚期的作品,也是他最成熟的作品。这个书名是有讽刺意味的,它讲述了一个孤儿,匹普想当上等人的理想幻灭的故事,他最终没有当成上等人,当然也就没有了所谓的远大前程。本书以极其精彩的故事情节紧扣读者的心弦,生动地描写了一个饱受苦难并同命运不断抗争的孤儿匹普的心理历程,最后他终于悟出人生道理,成为一名普通人,并与初恋情人握手重逢,获得了圆满的结局。
   《远大前程》的故事情节有它的独特之处,读来让读者有一种欲罢不能的感觉。本书的主人公匹普,更是联系其它人物角色的一条主线。环境可以改变人的命运,匹普就是被环境改变的。一开始,匹普还是一个孩子的时候是多么的天真,轻易信人,富有同情心。然而,匹普遭遇的宿命就是遇上了一位女皇般的姑娘,这位姑娘将透彻影响他的一生。他开始瞧不起自己,开始为自己的家庭环境及出身感到自卑,“而我一想到这座宅邸,心中就没有一丝阳光!同时对自己的行为也更为厌恶,也更瞧不起自己的家庭。”这是一段很好的情景交融的写法,在这样一所恐怖的房间里,匹普彻底瞧不起自己。是中了魔吗?不!这正应了一句真理:人是环境中的产物。是环境改变了匹普。进一步,匹普“交上好运”后,已鬼迷心窍了,非要去当上等人。匹普要求赫伯特教他礼貌与规矩,说明他急于想成为一个伦敦人。但是,无论怎样,匹普内心中的善良,还是可以体会到的。他暗中花钱支助赫伯特的事业,这表明他是一个善良的人,对朋友慷慨仁义,决不吝啬。知道他的恩人竟然是一个逃犯时,他开始从环境中蜕变出来。“与恩人道别开始变得沉重与焦虑了。”这说明匹普开始关心恩人的安危并且对恩人产生感情了。“即使缺钱也不再用恩人的钱。”表明匹普内心美好的东西开始复苏,最终,他还是过上了平凡而真实的生活。最后,匹普与艾丝黛拉手握住手,一道走出废墟,广大的天地沉浸在静谧的月华之中……从废墟到夜雾再到月华,象征了匹普和艾丝黛拉爱情的三部曲,开始是不可能,后来是朦朦胧胧,最后是月光普照。这是一个大团圆结局,总算无遗憾。
    在语言特点,写作手法上,更是有许多地方值得我们学习的。“老鼠一直在用牙齿啃它,可是还有比老鼠更尖利的牙齿在啃我。”以此来比喻赫微香老小姐内心的痛苦,绝妙!“一种使人恐怖的幻觉在我心中扩散,好像我与艾丝黛拉正在开始腐烂……”这是典型的文学性描写,达到了诗的效果。“我忽然情绪失控,趴在地上,使劲地扯自己两边的头发。”这句话特别能够传达出人物内心矛盾的心理,他明知爱错了人,但还是要去爱,。“伦敦给我的印象有点乱,路窄道弯,而且十分肮脏。”仅此几笔,便勾勒出了伦敦的特征。匹普就是在这样的环境下,成为一个“上等人”二努力。作者在叙述赫微香的故事时,既紧凑又周详,用的是倒叙手法。在此,我们对老小姐的情况就清楚了,对她之前的变态行为也理解了。“他的话像闪电,使我一下就看清了自己,接着失望,危险,羞耻等各种后果,向我冲击而来,使我几乎呼吸困难。”闪电这个比喻很准确,马格韦契正是以一连串快速有力的问话揭示出他才是匹普的恩人。为什么匹普感到失望,危险,羞耻呢?那是因为恩人在他的心中一直是个迷,他总觉得是老小姐,结果是一个逃犯,他当然失望了。与逃犯接触肯定是有危险的,这一点,匹普很清楚。而用一个逃犯的钱过上等人的生活又的确让匹普感到羞耻……
    岁月在流逝,人物开始变化,在作者的笔下,通篇写来十分自然。最后大家都过着平凡而真实的生活,这是一个多么完美的结局。

                            

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